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Sociological Research: Papers

Sociological research paper

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Sociological Research: Papers

ny bar essay writing Look into the offices of the baby boomer crowd and see past the neatly pressed suits, ties, and Botox injections; look into the time when their days were spent fighting the powers that be. Pressing the sociological boundary of known independence not for the gratification of being the rebel without a cause but the times of the essay satisfaction of being apart of a movement. Now look into the classroom of high school seniors with their admissions letters and freedom in the midst. Stress levels at the all time high because FAFSA plus scholarships still have not met their “needs” for the ever increasing cost of college. Blame it on the rap music, MTV, BET, VHI, and video games for sociological paper, the lack of cons vegetarianism activism from the college students. Blame it on sociological research, the lack of morals being taught within the home or maybe the alternate lifestyles of the parents. Belonging? It is sociological research paper imperative that the research paper builder “older crowd” find a scapegoat to point the finger at research, instead of taking the blame and feeling guilty. Were A Butterfly Essay? Could this notion be the answer to all of paper life’s problems? For once, can the frontrunners in help with writing admissions campus activism stand up from sociological research, their pristine mahogany desks and open the eyes of “my people” and in the of the essay, help us realize that it is possible to sociological research paper, have the power to cons, change.

I have never been denied the research right to go to the school of my choice nor have I been told that this opportunity is not fit for my sex. Cma Resume? I cannot fathom being told to sit in sociological paper the back of the bus or seeing my loved one sold like property. I haven’t had to watch the news and see a group of times of the butterflies people being obliterated. For the sociological research first time in my sheltered life, I will have to cma resume template, go buy my own groceries let alone pay my own bills and even that might be a stretch. I stand firm when I say, now is the research time for change. I need the woman who marched alongside her peers so that she could have a fighting chance in the workplace to tell me that I am using her life in vain. I need that man from belonging, Atlanta, Georgia whose “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” was scrutinized in paper my AP English class to tell me that I have turned his dream into a nightmare.

The only problem is they can’t. Is it because the opportunities are endless that they are taken for granted? I am apart of the help silver platter generation because the Real World that I know premieres on MTV with a group of seven strangers. I challenge my peers to forego the brainwashing of the tabloid news to turn to more trustworthy sources. I challenge the news media to produce stories that lack superficiality and research paper, have depth. I challenge the times parents to push your children and demolish the sociological research hands-off approach when raising us. The college that the 1960’s student knew hasn’t gone far. It is shielded from pros vegetarianism essay, our eyes because the research paper issues aren’t addressed. Campuses are priding themselves on exclusivity and if i, competitiveness.

However many applicants they can decline can make the silver platter kids feel more honored to sociological research, attend since society now salutes achievements rather than the vegetarianism essay journey that it took to get there. Instead of research boycotting or marching, we set higher goals for ourselves and strive for perfection. Ideas Belonging? Now the focus is on the individual becoming better rather than the group. We took one extreme and took it to the other end of the spectrum. Back then people lived a free life not worried about spending their summer taking an SAT Prep course or organizing a group to promote business plans but to actually embrace culture and create their own. Natasha Denson, a graduate student in research paper the Prairie View A#038;M College of Nursing doesn’t spend her days organizing a peace effort for third world countries who cannot receive quality medicine not because she doesn’t care but because she doesn’t have time to embrace her career endeavors without a professional mindset. She is cma resume passionate about sociological research, helping society; however her constant nights being miserable and studying will shadow the true beauty of the career she chose.

Who could be the possible blame for us “silver platter kids” overlooking the creative outlets that college has to offer? Are we less beneficial to society for not having the rebellious nature that our parents did? Or maybe would it be possible to accept the ever evolving face of education? To think that my generation is the first to in the times, not undergo a life altering movement such as Civil Rights, the Holocaust, Segregation, or Vietnam almost makes me think that we are weak. Sociological? Would it do this piece any justice as to say that we are a society that is with writing no longer focused on the issues rather than self advancement. Research? To alter that state of mind would almost be impossible unless those involved in the protests would come out of hibernation and say that it is okay to not believe in what is being said on TV. Most are even ashamed to share their humble beginning with their children so why would we want to pros vegetarianism essay, even involve ourselves with changing our society. I mean who wants to take the reigns of their life and change the pitfalls of the government or better yet, the world. I have a more independent disposition than my mother but she had more fire in her heart.

Music had meaning and the news had purpose. People were respectable and children had manners. This is my call to arms not to who you think is sociological research paper “my people” but all people to become lax about perfection and self amelioration. Parents, Stop worrying about your past and how the Neighborhood Watch committee will accept you. Embrace your struggle and share it with your children for they will never know if you don’t teach them. Creative Ideas Belonging? Don’t allow the internet and TV to raise them on issues that you should speak on. My peers, stop updating your Facebook status with nonsense and look to helping others. What’s the matter with college? To answer that, we have to sociological paper, understand why the help with college admissions ones who made it great accomplished what they did. They were not feeble minded and scared.

They tested standards. Sociological Research? They were not trying to find the fountain of youth because they had it inside the whole time. Now look into the offices of those students who went into hiding behind their suits and ties. Writing Admissions? Maybe once they accept who they were and sociological, embrace it, so will their offspring. College as it was known is still there, it will just take that one heart full of fire to break the standards and the right struggle to bring it back to if i a butterfly, the forefront.. The Matter with College is Big Business.

The matter with college now is that it is big business, big expensive business. Every year they keep raising the tuition cost as if every year college students are going to sociological research paper, become millionaires. Well I have been in college for three year and I’m still not a millionaire. For such a high cost my college experience has been nothing but a wallet busting version of high school. You still have the test and the papers and the teachers who either don’t know what they are doing or need to retire, but now that you’re in college you get to have a huge loan attached to research paper builder, your name when you graduate or should I say if you graduate. The college institution has been alive and research paper, kicking for with writing college essay, many years. It is funny how the sociological paper same ridged ways they use to teach college, they are still teaching today. I believe that the creative writing belonging outside world has changed so much that some of that change should be reflected in the standard college class room.

It brings me great joy when I think of the sociological research paper ridiculously high priced college books. The amount of good creative writing ideas money I have spent on college books I could have feed most of Latin America. Paper? As if to insult you further students are given a fraction of the good ideas belonging text book cost if they decided to sell the book back to the school. Many of my fellow students have decided to keep their books instead. Today it seems the sociological paper college institution has become has become a fast food establishment of sorts, pushing dull unhealthy information into the gaping mouths of students and then pumping them out as fast as possible much like an affluent home owner trying to stop his basement from flooding. Maybe when the U.S. stops competing Asia to pros cons essay, see who has the research paper smarts students, then the good ideas American education system will see some real change. I mean the paper kind change where one does not have to go to in the, an Art college to be creative or allowed to think outside of the box.

On a final note it has come to my attention that college student don’t know what the hell to protest anymore. I have heard more protest against programs like affirmative action then the slaughter on research paper, Iraq or the paper starvation of African babies. It seems today that many college students have come to believe that society has finally become fair. That programs established to help many of the people fighting against them are unnecessary. I cannot understand why the college students of today are so stuck in research paper a dream world. Why are students more concerned about keeping a minority from getting his or her entrance spot than trying to keep their fellow military students alive or trying to butterflies essay, stop the world from becoming one giant disease infested pool party (reference to global warming for paper, the clueless). Maybe the matter with college is that it is over rated, out dated and unsophisticated.

Maybe the problem is that America as a whole has stop holding college up to a higher standard. Maybe the crisis is that people have stop demanding that college is an institution that expands the minds of good writing ideas students, teaches them the worldly issues that are truly important and provides them an educational service at sociological paper, affordable rates. Only time will tell if America’s higher education institutions gets it right. Let us hope that we do not have to cma resume, witness see high dropouts and low entrance levels before we see some real change. In “What’s the Matter With College,” Rick Perlstein contends that college used to matter for three major reasons: it was a haven of intellectual and cultural self-discovery, a key to socioeconomic mobility, and a radical break from both high school and the real world. Perlstein is correct in assuming that college no longer represents the discrete experience it once did. However, he does not account for the fact that it no longer should. Sociological? The reshaping of the boundaries of the college experience in no way diminishes college’s significance as an intellectual incubator or the means to mobility. College still matters: if anything, it matters more today. My high school experience, like that of most American high school students, was a far cry from Harrison Morris’ “they sort of let me do whatever I wanted.” Campus policemen in golf carts maintained strict discipline, and our numerous course requirements allowed similarly little room for deviance in cma resume template our class schedules. I spent most of my time there watching the clock, as harried teachers tried to impart state-mandated curricula to an overcrowded classroom.

Given this experience, Harrison Morris surely would have counted me among the “profoundly uncreative” when I first arrived at Beloit College, a girl more concerned with the status of her haircut than that of world affairs. Perlstein believes that college as a “mystic world apart, where 18-year-olds discover themselves for research, the first time in a heady atmosphere of cultural and intellectual tumult” is an outdated notion. What, then, can explain my transformation at Beloit, from a gum-popping, eternally bored teenager to the opinionated and curious woman I am today? Sitting in a butterfly essay small classrooms with peers who enjoyed learning, tackling interesting subject material, and answering to professors who expected nothing less than our best unleashed my intellectual curiosity and introduced me to a new world. Colleges that change lives are far from extinct. Despite the similarities between Perlstein’s college experience and my own, I agree that college has changed in a fundamental way.

College no longer represents the radical break from the real world that it used to. Research Paper? It increasingly “cuts against the presumption that the campus should be a place radically apart from the rest of society,” and writing college admissions, we like it that way. Is this necessarily a negative? Does the sociological paper entrance of the real world into research builder our studies somehow cheapen our intellectual pursuits? I argue that it does nothing but enhance them. We are no longer content to sociological research, spend four years studying, deconstructing, and asking questions about the world only to cma resume template, do nothing about our findings. Research? We are not comfortable remaining within the lofty halls of the ivory tower: we are eager to test our skills and theories in the world around us. Our desire to do so makes sense in context. From the war on drugs to the war in Iraq, we have witnessed too many mistakes made by those who refuse to step outside the bounds of theory and abstraction and confront on-the-ground realities.

Colleges have responded to this desire, and paper, many have incorporated internships and other experiential learning opportunities into the curriculum. Given this truth, perhaps it is time to give the much-maligned “organization kid” a break. Perlstein and research paper, Brooks paint organization kids as overscheduled automatons, faceless cogs in the college bureaucracy that schedules students’ self-exploration. In their view, the organization kid epitomizes everything that is wrong with the modern-day college experience. Perhaps today’s organization kid is suspicious to the baby boomers because she appears neither radical nor alienated, and therefore hardly revolutionary. But please don’t let her exterior fool you. The baby boomer generation is paper builder now the establishment. The status quo students face today is different from that of our parents. Sociological Research Paper? Social ills like racism, sexism, and the disenfranchisement of the poor are no less pervasive than they were in the 1960s, but they are now manifested more subtly.

As our society evolves, so must our methods of promoting social change. Last year, a group of concerned Beloit students approached the administration, asking them to make a tangible commitment to remedying our campus’ lack of racial diversity. Vegetarianism? To be sure, small changes came frustratingly slowly, and the process remains far from finished. Sociological Paper? However, the point is pros cons that they listened to us: dialogue between students and administration is sociological paper possible in a way that it was not 40 years ago. Students are able to research, make progress towards change within the paper system, before we resort to taking over buildings. I am an organization kid, replete with the vegetarianism essay impressive credentials. Sociological Paper? I make no attempt to hide that my ultimate aim is to become a cog in the great American bureaucracy, for it is that bureaucracy that holds the power in in the butterflies our society. Born into a white, middle class family, I have been granted extraordinary unearned privilege.

I am a direct beneficiary of the civil rights movement; I am the daughter you took to work. I am aware of the great debt I owe society. For this reason, I work towards attaining a position of power where I can actively influence social change. In today’s world, I can channel my dissatisfaction with the status quo most effectively by “opting in” to research paper, the system, a decision that is perhaps incomprehensible to of the, a generation that rebelled by “opting out.” During the last weeks of our senior year, members of our Sociology class complained that we were sick of the college’s hypocrisy, the slow pace of bureaucratic change, and the sense of confinement on a small campus we had grown eager to escape. If Perlstein had been with us that day, he would have found ample support for his conclusions. Therefore, our surprise was palpable when our professor replied, “Every senior class has the same complaints.” He continued, “Your frustration with this place means that Beloit has done its job. We claim to develop students into engaged, active citizens, sensitive to contradiction and constantly questioning.

The fact that you are now able to turn these skills around on us means two things: you got what you came for, and you’ve outgrown this place.” That I was eager to leave Beloit College in no way cheapens my experience there, and it makes me no less nostalgic for the most influential four years of my life. Yeah, I’d say college still matters. Where Art Thou Oh College Experience? The college experience is not as necessary as it was in the sixties and seventies. Society has changed and we have changed with it. Sociological Research Paper? We, as students no longer need the times butterflies embodied idea of college to sociological research paper, be able to “figure ourselves out.” Because of this, students are no longer molding colleges. Cma Resume Template? Colleges are molding students.

College is, essentially, a means to a career. It is just another step we must take, not so much the voyage of self-discover claimed in the 1960’s. The whole idea is to continue to prepare students for the next step in their life. In high school, we are prepared for research paper, college. College…internships.

Internships…assistant job. Assistant job…associate job. Were Essay? Associate job…etc. Reagan has seemed to have gotten his social-mobility community, sans the “noisy, dissident minority” (for that dissident minority is no longer present at every school, only represented at paper, a dissident minority of schools). Colleges are paving the itinerate path for the young, eager minds of students.

But why on earth, you may wonder, would students allow this to happen? It’s because you don’t have to discuss your ideas with other people. In The Butterflies Essay? There really is no learning what you are about, there is sociological research paper only finding your niche and sticking to it. And how do you do that? The media will tell you, no need to put in in the times essay any effort. Want to support Bush? You’re Fox news. Want to oppose Bush?

You’re CBS news. Not really interested in Bush, but intrigued by Pars Hilton’s recent release from jail? WB11 news. Have no idea who Bush is, but can recite the names of every one of Paris Hilton’s dogs? E! “news.” There is research paper no need to listen to template, other people’s thoughts and ideas, no need to decide if you agree or disagree. All you have to do to find a friend is match your category. “What news channel do you watch?” If their answer matches yours or at least falls into a category you can conceivable tolerate, hang out, talk about how utterly the same you are. No match? Walk away, this person will only offer opposition (not growth!).

This niche idea doesn’t only attach itself to sociological paper, the news, that’s just my example. TV, music, people, everything has a genre, everything is ideas categorized. Surprisingly enough, this categorizing, this separation, is largely caused by globalization. Everyone can talk to sociological paper, everyone who can talk to everyone. So how do you weed out the times ones not worth talking to (because otherwise you will undoubtedly be presented with the lofty goal of personally communicating with every human being in the world)? You find your niche. And in you’re niche you live. In the “old days,” for college students anyway, your niche was your college. Without this ability to communicate with absolutely anyone, your niche was limited to your physical vicinity.

This niche, though, was made up of people with different backgrounds and thoughts and research, ideas and beliefs – all becoming shareable within the niche. The difference is research paper this – back then, your niche was wherever you were, whoever you were with, whatever they were saying. Your niche was physical. Today, your niche is more or less intellectual. Why bother talking to the person who lives in the dorm room next to you when you can talk to people who already “know you,” already “get you” on your little wired-up PC. This is, of course, not true for paper, everyone.

There are always exceptions. Not everyone has been caught by the niche wave, but you have to make a sincere effort to broaden your horizon, to broaden your perspective, on life. Some people do this by going abroad. But then again, I’ve known a few that have gone abroad with friends and creative ideas, only hung out with those friends the entire semester. Same niche, just a change of sociological research paper scenery. Now it may be obvious that I may not think this intellectual niche business is the greatest thing since sliced bread, but I’m not completely knocking it. After all, I am a product of the intellectual niche society. When my computer screen cracked and my dear friend of a machine went missing for over a month, I mourned my loss and grumbled about if i a butterfly essay, being cut off from the entire world. There are, in fact, positives to this trend. With these technologies, you have more options. Teens especially are provided with more outlets for whatever it is they need an outlet for.

You have more options. Research? But with these options, people tend to limit themselves. When you have the option to pros cons, have your favorite chocolate glazed donut every day, why bother trying the strawberry frosted? When you are satisfied with your niche, why bother traveling outside of its borders where strange and unknown flavors await you? The intellectual niche is not an evil of society (like global warming or Hitler).

It’s just an sociological research paper, inevitable consequence of an ever-changing society. The direction our society has driven, the developments we’ve made – they have their positives and they have their negatives. Were? Sure nowadays our college experience may not be what it was in paper the “glory days” (you know those days when people walked uphill both ways to school barefoot in the snow). But at least if my care breaks down on the side of the road, global communication, globalization, allows me to call for a ride and some good old-fashioned Triple A. As I said, society has changed, and we have changed with it. Cma Resume Template? I may never have the ideal 1960’s college experience. But, in the same respect, those attending school in the 2050’s will never have the ideal 2000’s college experience (because perhaps a “classroom” to sociological, them will mean an online community of usernames holding discussion through VoIP conferences, not a physical space). And people like myself will sit around grumbling about the if i essay glory days. Research? You know, back when college was college. A Shifting Focus: Collegiate Life from the 60’s through Today.

As colleges and universities nationwide train the pros essay future All-Stars of the American workforce, today’s society witnesses a kind of sociological research paper intense academic focus to which past generations were unaccustomed. Rick Perlstein’s article “What’s the Matter With College?” ushers in with writing college this era of coffee-infused all-nighters and privately tutored study sessions with one alarmingly simple, yet valid statement – “College as America used to sociological research paper, understand it is coming to an end.” Perlstein’s article poses one question to the readers that is largely answered in the article itself. The idea that “higher education for Americans is more important than ever” explains exactly why college students no longer “lead the culture.” The pressing need for college-educated individuals has transformed our nation into an increasingly competitive breeding ground of unflinching career-seekers with blueprinted futures. Forget “arguing night and day” over societal issues in the dorm lounge, today’s college students duke it out with a much less animated adversary – coursework. While escalating tuition rates devour thousands of dollars of if i were a butterfly essay their “hip baby-boomer” parents’ resources, students’ social lives dwindle with relentless course loads and sociological research paper, discomforting fears of the slightest academic misstep.

There is little room for error, much less imagination, when one pursues an occupation since America has embraced a Darwin-esque “survival of the writing fittest” mindset towards employment, where preparation seemingly begins at birth. From an early age, our students are sat on a standardized test-ridden merry-go-round of memorization and repetition. Sociological Research Paper? When they step off this carousel and into college life, should America really expect more than the “insanely uncreative” bunch mentioned in template Perlstein’s article? Our “fill-in-the-bubble” society, as I like to sociological research, think, has crippled students’ youthful creativity (what remains of it) while commending narrow-minded, “inside-the-box” thinking sufficient enough only for multiple choice questions. Today, the Internet stimulates those students looking for a “radically more democratic and diverse culture” – those few who have survived the monotonous academic barrage of American schools with a tattered, yet malleable imagination. The World Wide Web satisfies a vast contingent of would-be “revolutionaries” reminiscent of the pros cons 1960’s and 1970’s, providing a safe-haven for all to preach their words via websites, podcasts, blogs, even videos. However, this online retreat has welcomed its users, including college students, into a mesmerized state of amenable seclusion while literally sheltering them from reality. The Internet, thought only to be opening one beneficial door to online information, has literally slammed shut millions of others in dorms and households nationwide. It has transformed our living quarters into isolation chambers, and sentenced us (or perhaps, it is more likely that we have sentenced ourselves) to sociological research paper, countless hours in in the of the essay front of the research computer screen. The tool intended to expand our thoughts works simultaneously to contain them, and template, with a tinge of irony channels our fresh ideas back into the receptive online community, enfeebling our chances of any impact on the outside world.

American society has single-handedly molded its own “Youtube Generation,” and has become reliant on a virtual world to quiet those unorthodox minds, those modern-day “noisy, dissident minorities” that may very well place society’s focus back on college campuses. This same networking mecca, with its AOL Instant Messengers and webcam-ready chat rooms, has effortlessly evolved into the universal hub of rapid communication. Conversations are initiated by a simple click of the mouse, and old friends are morphed into icons with personalized screen names. Research Paper? While college students make almost exploitative use of these and other now-commonplace conveniences such as the cell phone, American society sits intricately connected at an almost uncomfortable proximity. In The Times Butterflies Essay? Consequently, the “radical break” provided by college in the 1960’s and research, 1970’s is if i were essay now a subtle, regulated split from one’s high school days.

The era of the Sunday “obligatory 30 second phone call on sociological research, the dorm phone” to the parents has given way to the full-time job of incessant text messaging and daily checkup dials to friends at good writing ideas belonging, home. The “liberating moment” experienced by freshmen in sociological college is still noticeably present, but students must now endure the steady pull of the home front while they struggle to if i essay, adapt to a foreign environment. Students are no longer forcibly thrust into a collegiate chaos with self-reliance as their sole confidant, but instead babied through any negligible difficulty by sociological research, a familiar voice at the other end of the line. Improvisation deserves no place in the collegiate dictionary, for the idea of “winging it” is much too venturesome with familial guidance on speed dial. America once again has itself to blame for plugging up yet another outlet of creative writing ideas belonging innovation and ingenuity.

College students nowadays lack the “it” factor that set the muted liberal minds of past generations aflame with radical concepts and sociological paper, unconventional ideas. The trailblazing “trial-and-error” technique of the 1960’s and help with writing college, 1970’s has taken a backseat to the “tried-and-true” method of sociological paper current college students, who seek only conventional solutions to mundane matters. Perhaps the phrase “no flavor added” epitomizes the stale lifestyle of America’s not-so-independent thinkers, whose own flavors of prolificacy may only be tasted with a return to the extreme levels of self-reliance seen within the college culture of the ’60’s and ’70’s. A less rigid guidance plan at student orientation paired with mere course suggestions throughout one’s undergraduate career (no parents allowed) may prove to be American colleges’ winning recipe for resurrection from their usual humdrum routine of churning out uniform numbers of single-skilled robots. Essay? We could surprise ourselves by injecting a little ad-lib “spice” back into paper the lives of our nation’s next Great Hopes, and conceivably return colleges nationwide to their merited central place in the broader society. As a supplement to my own and Mr. Perlstein’s findings, I offer these words of advice: Blur the implacably focused minds of cma resume template our college students for a minute and turn the magnifying glass on sociological research paper, America in its entirety. Perhaps it is help with essay our society that should be in more of a sweat about research, plans for the distant future. One need not be a med school graduate to times butterflies essay, diagnose our nation’s condition: a lethal addiction to the over-regulated, ultra-competitive collegiate sport of career-seeking.

The disease coincides with a dilatory decay of creativity, where the remnants of ingenuity and originality escape into research paper an online community or evanesce in a herculean heap of coursework. It is only when we break this time-hardened addiction that maybe then we will discover what really is the pros cons essay matter with college in the twenty-first century. In the sense that Rick Perlstien discusses why college life and college students are an increasingly inconsequential bunch of people to the direction of the nation, its politics and its culture, he is absolutely correct. As a current university student, I cannot dispute his allegations and research paper, this should be no. surprise. It is important however, that we all understand the reasons for this change between the a butterfly essay generations.

I believe there are three overarching explinations for this; first, we live in an increasingly isolated society, second, college is no longer a unique experience, and third, the out of control costs of a. The “organization students” which Mr. Perlstien discusses in his commentary participate in these things so heavily because that’s all there is left. The college experience which he describes has become diluted beyond recognition by isolated and often dysfunctional suburban kids playing endless video games, watching Comedy Central twelve hours a day and drinking to get “wasted.” While this is obviously not universally true, it has so clearly taken over Perlstien’s idyllic description, that in order to find that intellectual conversation, that spontaneous creativity, those like Perlstien must search out these experiences in these all-consuming student groups. This is of course a product of our increasingly isolated society, which is arguably a product of the first generation that grew up largely in the suburbs, and a result of new web services of our generation such as MySpace, Facebook, AIM, and more. Our suburban childhood has been the most coddled, homogeneous, sterile existence in the history of the world. Sociological? The type of homogeneous isolated environments college students of help with writing admissions our generation come from are so void of creative inspiration, and human interactions that students from these backgrounds. often cannot relate that well to other people, how to have fun with others, or just have fun with intellectual conversation.

This lack of creativity and coddled isolation is research helped along by policies and infrastructure that require our kids to be bussed door to research, door less than half a mile to their school, that. create placeless streets and single standard existence across the 48 contiguous states. Research Paper? The MySpace generation is the most narcissistic generation in years, and it will has a profound effect on pros cons vegetarianism essay, college life. The tools of the most recent Time “person of the year,” MySpace, Facebook, YouTube and sociological research, AIM, serve to further isolate students from human interaction with eachother, and the society at large and vegetarianism essay, are largely void of “spontaneous creativity.” Students are now spending hours of sociological research paper their day on these sites writing about their most recent social gossip, or self pontificating, or IM’ing eachother, or checking away messages during that non-class time that so defined the life of a college student in Mr. Perlstien’s time. Is it really surprising that such an inward-oriented generation is disinterested and inactive in the politics of our time? While certainly many university students are interested and active, there is not a critical mass as there once was, and if i essay, the population of disinterested apathetic students seems to paper, have an if i were, overwhelming effect on sociological research, the remainder.

This brings me to my second point: College is no longer a unique experience. In the most practical sense, an good ideas belonging, undergraduate education is required for sociological research paper, our generation to function in society, and Masters degrees are increasingly required for help with writing essay, decent paying jobs in many industries. Often, students are pushed. into college whether they are ready or interested or absolutely not, simply because it’s the only route leading to sociological research paper, benefits, faster promotions, and the elusive “American dream.” The type of college life that Perlstien relishes cannot be achieve with this type of if i a butterfly student body. Sociological Paper? But the real importance of this is that universities have lowered themselves to this thinking. The institutions have diluted themselves to meet this type of demand, and thereby now lack creativity and flexibility.

Many, if not dare I say most. programs of cma resume colleges and universities are set up as training sites to churn out sociological research, mindless soldiers for all sectors of our economy. It does not help that this critical mass of students who are so focused on the job at pros essay, the end of the 4-year rainbow realize that their simple 4-year degree is sociological paper increasingly worthless for their promised reward, and must continue on, collecting more dream-shattering debt. This brings me to my final point, the outrageous cost of this required higher education. If I Were A Butterfly Essay? During my parent’s years in college, the late 60’s and sociological paper, early 70’s, four years of college cost the equivalent of a tiny portion of his father’s annual income, yet now one year at his alma matter is about $46,000. Sure, there are scholarships out there but the truth is that being in college is a massive long term burden. The late night intellectual conversation and spontaneous creativity of Mr. Perlstien simply cannot be a part of the. experience of those who have to work every waking hour of their college existence outside of cma resume class to limit the dramatic effects such long term debt will have on their future. For an alarmingly large number of sociological research students and families, college is a survival game that has long term consequences which place limits on graduates years after completion.

Certainly everything I describe here is not universal of all college students, I am simply noting overarching trends in template college life. This should not be seen as a commentary bashing my peers for their behavior, but rather a short primer on ingrained problems within our society which must be addressed together from many fronts, my final point being the sociological paper easiest one to solve. We will need big ideas and creative writing ideas belonging, brave politicians to help slow this gutting of future generations before it is too late for all of society. Morose in the Machine: Why College Doesn’t Matter, But Should. “Education is the path from cocky ignorance to miserable uncertainty” College! The word in itself represents a platonic ideal of success. And therein lies the problem. Through freshman and sophomore and junior years of high school, I worked hard sometimes because I enjoyed the sociological paper work but often because I had to do the work. The gatekeepers demand their dues – strong academic record, high standardized test scores, extracurriculars.

High schoolers bob their heads in fealty; work all night finishing papers or labs, ensuring no slip will sully our GPA; pay obeisance in the form of test prep courses or community service; and ask in return only that we might attend a prestigious institution of higher education. Admissions officers with titles like “input control specialist” process applications, sort the grain from the chaff, wielding enormous power to crush the paper builder hopes of anxious teenagers with the sociological research paper click of a mouse button. These teenagers, socially conditioned to view college as an end in itself – rather than as a means – wait while admissions officers determine their life’s worth. Eventually the times essay letters arrive, thin or fat, harbinger of failure or herald of sociological research paper joy. And the good creative writing ideas following September, millions of American eighteen-year-olds, free at research paper, last from parents, troop off for cma resume, their first taste of independence. Paper? But soon enough our eagerness turns to sour brine as we are mistreated by an impersonal bureaucracy. Within a year or two, the motivating force for most is template no longer “education” but rather “paying off loans” or “not disappointing my parents” or “having fun before I shuffle off into the drudgery of the real world.” Most 18-year-olds are not ready to decide our life’s ambition, and the two years (10 classes? 11?) we are given to decide our major is but a small fraction of what our life holds for us. It is absurd to ask a (hormonal, sex-addled, lonely, bewildered) teenager what she is doing with her life, and no less absurd to expect her to sociological, discover it in pros essay such a brief span.

Some fortunate few – many in “hard” fields, the sciences or mathematics – are well-suited to the college environment, and sociological research paper, it is these students we see hunched over good creative writing ideas, their textbooks on a Saturday night. Most meander, distracted by the parties, the booze, the parents, the freedom – and they forget (if they ever knew) why they stepped onto campus in research paper the first place. Information overload in this modern age devalues learning – Wikipedia substitutes for real research, as students feel too busy to delve into a dusty book and prefer the easy accessibility of the internet. We are receive advise, are told what to think, talk on cellphones, chat online, check Facebook, worry about builder, money or sex or parents. We have no time to breathe and recognize our good fortune. And so we do not. College is a great opportunity best suited to students confident of what it is they hope to extract from the four years they spend there.

College is sociological research opportunity – and yet all too many of if i were a butterfly us let that opportunity turn to mediocrity because at sociological research paper, 18 we have not the experience to take advantage of it. If I Were A Butterfly Essay? Only in hindsight do we recognize it for what it truly is sociological paper – a gateway to the world and everything in it. Vegetarianism? Most of research us are too busy fretting over loans, getting wasted or high, or pondering that most important question – what the cma resume template hell am I doing here? We pretend that everyone should go to college, as though spending four years and thousands upon thousands of dollars will transfigure wide-eyed teenagers to productive members of society. College should be open to all ready and willing to pour sweat and tears into making the most of it. That kind of dedication is not present in most teenagers.

We deceive ourselves into thinking everyone should go to college because we think of college as an end in itself, a triumph of societal virtue. How often are we told of a child being “first in their family” to attend college? These stories inspire hope that America remains a society where anyone can succeed. Sociological Paper? But how many of cons those children, whose parents toiled to give them that opportunity, go to college and vanish into the bureaucratic apparatus, which aims to emboss knowledge upon puerile youth’s blank slate? The act of sociological paper attending a university is not enough – what really matters is what we take from the experience, what it prepares us to do, how it changes our ideas about the world and enables us to research paper, bring those ideas to sociological research paper, fruition. College must be more than a machine that takes naive teenagers and churns out reliable taxpayers.

Many should go to college – not at 18 or 19, but at 21 or 25 or 30, after they mature enough to take their studies seriously (some will be ready at creative writing ideas, 18, but not most). They should spend some time in the “real world,” work jobs, have sex, drink alcohol, learn something of life outside the sheltered halls of university before they move into them. Sociological? To get the most out of the experience, students should be ready to ask tough questions of professors, poke holes in theories, take intellectual responsibility in research a way that demands both self-confidence and sociological research paper, the ability to take a chance, to be wrong, to cma resume, look the fool. Sociological Research? College should be about honesty – not just about in the butterflies, knowing, about collecting facts, but about knowing what we don’t know and understanding how to turn facts into wisdom. The omnipresent, sprawling bureaucracy that administrates the modern university bears a share of the blame.

All too often, the college is run for sociological research, the benefit of alumni and parents – not for in the of the butterflies, its students. It’s all about the money – wheedling as much of it away from alumni and parents as possible while funding student activities that cast the university in a good light and hiding those which do not match its image away in basements or closets. Students notice this kind of marketing strategy, notice the way administrators are never seen except to make speeches about how much money the university has raised – we notice, and adjust our attitude accordingly. If nobody cares about us, why should we care about the sociological research school? Academia itself is another culprit – many students struggle connect our professors’ lectures to anything we might encounter in life. Creative Writing Belonging? Professors rightfully expect diligence from we students (which many do not have at eighteen) and sociological research paper, students should expect certain things in return, chief among them the honesty and humility to admit that most fields are not bound by if i essay, iron laws with right and wrong answers. Modesty is hard to find in research the bastion of template higher education, but its presence can never be harmful.

And students should demand more than facts – we should be given the tools to assemble, from paper, raw knowledge, wisdom – a much rarer and pros cons essay, more valuable commodity. College should teach us how to paper, think – should break down cocky ignorance and teach us to question not only the world around us but also ourselves. It should not be inaccessible to help writing admissions essay, anyone for economic reasons – but it should be closed to sociological, those unready to good creative writing ideas belonging, accept its challenge. And if I graduate miserable, I should be miserable for all the things I have not learned, not because I foolishly double-majored in French Literature and Anthropology and can’t find a job to research, pay off $100,000 in student loans. What’s Really the Matter with College? College as America used to paper, understand it is coming to an end. Gone are the days of extemporaneous late-night philosophical conversations in monastic dorm lounges. Instead, colleges these days are brimming with kids who, rather than asking the fundamental questions of humanity, obsess about how they are going to fit into the economy after graduation.

This is the sociological research sordid state of college in America nowadays. If I? According to Rick Perlstein, anyway. But does his depiction reflect reality? Is there really such a disparity between the sociological research utopian college “city states” of the mid-century and builder, college campuses today? I think not. A day before my college orientation, I drove with my parents from Fayetteville, AR to Sarasota, FL. Sociological Research? After twenty hours in my mom’s white minivan, we pulled up to the bustling student center. I unloaded my bags, hugged goodbye to my parents, and then promptly turned to walk towards my new dorm and into cma resume a different world. Research Paper? As I neared the dorms, the melodies of John Coltrane and John Cage reached my ears from recordings blaring from speakers on dorm balconies.

Pungent marijuana smoke wafted by me in cma resume template delightful spurts and barefooted classmates smiled and invited me into their rooms. My first week of college was an research paper, endless procession of dancing, streaking, partying, and philosophical conversations. Quite utopian. The partying has subsided over the past two years, but the philosophical conversations have augmented in quality and quantity. I participate in ongoing discussions with my friends that run the intellectual gamut: the efficacy of democracy, the good creative belonging role of paper women in Roman society, the life patterns of sea hairs in Sarasota bay. Perhaps, then, my experience is not so different from Mr. Perlstein’s in the 1960’s, with his late-night intellectual debates at the University of Chicago.

But then again, there are plenty of moments when students at my college must think about their futures. We have to decide whether it’s going to be graduate school, a job, or the Peace Corps. We have to think about money and paying off loans. But were Perlstein’s contemporaries in the 1960’s and 70’s totally unconcerned about these aspects of life? In order to find out, I asked this question to my parents and some of their friends, who attended college forty years ago. My mom, a graduate from UC Davis, told me that her college experience was liberating and enlightening, but always haunted by the question: “What I am going to do to make money when I graduate?” For my dad, growing up in southern Louisiana, college answered the “What am I going to do next?” question for a little while longer: “You had three choices: go work, go into the military, or go to college.

But even if you went to college, it was geared towards what you were going to do afterwards.” I’ve received similar responses from the others I interviewed. Evidently, college students back in the day were indeed concerned about “what comes next” and of the butterflies, how to pay for it. They didn’t, as Perlstein would have it, all have an enlightening experience in a utopian college atmosphere that was unadulterated by the economic burdens of the real world. In this sense, perhaps the college experience back then was not so different from sociological research paper, my experience now. Rather than adopting Perlstein’s stark juxtaposition between college as it used to be and in the essay, what it is today, I think we are better off highlighting the similarities: students have always liked to learn stuff and discuss ideas, yet are justifiably concerned about quotidian issues like having enough money to pay for expenses. By recognizing this immutable similarity, perhaps we can discuss a more fundamental issue: why does there have to be this tension between learning for the sake of learning and plugging into the economy? I think the answer lies in Perstein’s critique of university bureaucracy. Instead of allowing a student to pursue questions and projects that interest her in an organic and individual manner, the bureaucracy attempts to routinize every facet of her self-exploration.

She has to accumulate credit hours, take required classes, declare a major, and keep up her GPA. We’ve come to think that the only way to succeed in life is to display the acceptable numbers and check off the appropriate boxes. But is looking good to the bureaucracy the only way, or even the best way, to sociological, succeed economically in our epoch of globalization and Internet? Last week I met a twenty-three-year-old college drop out if i were essay, who is an research paper, avid online gamer. He is also, as it turns out, the writer and director of a new Australian television series that is all about gaming. Research? This young man flies around the world interviewing the creators of new games, filming retirees using WI bowling in their nursing homes, and edifying his viewers on the history of Nintendo. He has this show because one day he and a friend decided to make a pitch to ABC (Australian Broadcasting Company), and the company loved it.

Here is a young man with passion, expertise, some rudimentary marketing skills, and no college GPA or GRE score who is flourishing in the world economy. But this is sociological research paper not meant to undermine the importance of college. College is, after all, a place of high-density meme exchange between professors and students, and essay, amongst students, as well as a fecund space for pursing ideas and paper, passions. Rather, this example demonstrates that ideas and creativity are central to forming enjoyable and lucrative projects in today’s world, and in the times essay, that university bureaucracy is paper probably just getting in the way. Maybe there wouldn’t be such a long-standing tension in college students between learning and fitting into the economy if there were colleges that supported and guided students through personalized academic projects that the student is research builder truly passionate about.

Fortunately, there are a few colleges that endorse this educational philosophy, and I happen to go to one of them. When I tell my friends from high school about The New College of Florida, they often roll their eyes. Invariably, they’ll ask: “So, is it really true that you don’t have grades? You’re telling me that you actually work one on research, one with your professors as an undergraduate? They really give you page-long evaluations of your work? Do you really have independent study projects and small group tutorials?” And the answer, to their bemusement, is always “yes.” Instead of plodding through a prescribed academic regimen, we work one-on-one with professors to pursue projects that incorporate our academic and personal passions. Our culminating project–the senior thesis–integrates all of our projects and research paper, experiences at sociological paper, New College. What is more, this kind of creative and personalized approach to in the butterflies essay, learning prepares us for launching successful projects in sociological research paper the world after college. Rather than worrying about cma resume, how we will fit into a pre-established firm or bureaucracy when we graduate, we are excited about the projects we will bring about. I know I am, anyway.

The Freedom to Apply (in 500 Words or Less) By the time I had finally mailed off my final application, I held such a passionate disdain for the general realm of college admissions that I almost felt bitter towards my acceptance letters. I cannot deny that I was thrilled, even ecstatic, to send in my matriculation letter, but as I declared myself a member of the class of 2010 I felt a lingering contempt for the process that had gotten me there. I thought of the hundreds of dollars my family had spent towards testing fees, application fees, traveling to visit various campuses, even the postage to mail off my nine–yes, nine–applications. It all felt like a waste. And then, I got to research, college. What a difference. What a change from the were a butterfly desperately monotonous three months I had spent at home post-graduation, teaching six year-olds how to hit forehands each morning and ringing up groceries in the afternoon.

During my orientation I found myself surrounded by over 700 students my age, all of sociological paper whom seemed eager to socialize and expose themselves to new ideas, new people–really, a new lifestyle. As much as I had appreciated my public school education, nothing could have prepared me for the countless debates, discussions, and lectures that followed throughout my first semester. My classes, seemingly a confused, jumbled selection made by a confused liberal arts freshman, all seemed to come together in my Sociology class. As my professor pushed us to dissect the likes of Marx, DuBois, Durkheim, and Mills, I began to make connections between the were African Diaspora and DuBois’ passionate prose, or Virginia Woolf’s distressed realizations in A Room of One’s Own. I could not only feel that I was learning when I stayed up through the night writing essays or argued for paper, my interpretation of a passage in class, but even as I walked across the quad to lunch, and became instinctively aware of the crunch of a leaf under my sneaker: I felt stimulated, both intellectually and socially, in ways I had never experienced in template my rural Vermont hometown. In my own experience, the research paper problems I see embedded in American colleges may not be separate from the universities altogether, but their academic foundations are certainly not to be blamed. Rather, I see the problems rooted in the admissions process, which seems to clash entirely with the very spirit and goals of higher education. While the template essence and sociological paper, lure of American colleges is freedom of expression, of thought, of social life, and exposure and research, access to these newfound freedoms, the new nature of admissions seems to be centered on strict guidelines and acquired advantages, such as ability to pay for and attend SAT classes, that are available primarily through access to money–a trend mirrored by research paper, rising tuition fees. The admissions essay epitomizes these restrictions.

A high school senior eager to vegetarianism essay, pour out sociological research paper, her heart about a service trip to Guatemala or to honor a grandfather may be told that it’s “too cliche” and that they’d be better off to write about something else–something more obscure. “Try to research, make the admissions reader learn something about you.” The catch is, it can’t be about something they might have learned about some other high school senior. I became disillusioned with my own essay somewhere around the fifth draft, when my brother told me I should rework my entire conclusion. I nearly broke down out of frustration when I asked, “But isn’t it supposed to research, be my writing?” I had to stop before comments about “Word choice” and if i were, “Evoke more emotion” completely concealed the ink and made my work an unrecognizable amalgamation of research paper edits from in the essay, my parents, my siblings, my college counselor aunt, a number of teachers, and so on. Sociological Paper? I gave up and sent it in. I also grew increasingly resentful of the SAT when a classmate told me that the number of words, adherence to the “five-paragraph form” and relevant historical references were all directly proportional to one’s score in the new Writing section. Vegetarianism? This only strengthened my belief that the College Board was effectively removing creativity and, yes, freedom, from high school academics. My Advanced Placement Physics class senior year, for research, example, had been called Honors Physics when my brother had taken it before increased competition had forced our high school to designate five AP courses.

As Honors Physics, my brother tells me the class focused on hands-on learning and used a textbook only sparingly. For one project he and his friends constructed a potato launcher and determined the physics of the spud’s air travel. Research Paper Builder? In my AP class, with the same imaginative instructor, the course depended on sociological, a prescribed textbook to determine the topics for daily lectures and exams. I was lucky to help writing college, pass the class as a dispirited second-semester senior, but not before I used two pages of the essay section in sociological the AP test to write a letter to the College Board, citing my dissatisfaction with the changes they had forced high schools to make in writing order to “compete.” On this point I agree with Mr. Perlstein’s assertion that the line between college and market has narrowed significantly over the years. But from my personal experience, I maintain that colleges–or more specifically, college professors and students–still provide an environment in which students are invited to research, explore the new. One of the most influential college professors I have had implored us, his students in research paper builder a James Baldwin course, to take advantage of the fact that while in research paper college, “you are the most free you will ever be.” His tone was almost desperate; his motivation genuine. If colleges today have lost their “centrality,” as Mr.

Perlstein claims, in of the essay the American mindset, then it is sociological research paper not the fault of the universities themselves but of the bureaucratic processes that characterize their admissions. Once we allow creativity and freedom to explore outside of our campuses, our students will willingly embrace the alienated radicalism that Mr. Perlstein so yearns for. Ironically, though, in my own college essay I wrote about my nostalgia for years I hadn’t been alive for, and pined for the freedom of creative writing ideas rebellion I imagined in my parents’ teenage years throughout the paper sixties and seventies. My generation, I felt, was restricted by a more conformist culture that barred teenagers from being, well, teenagers.

In the end, though, I accepted this change so long as a basic desire to times butterflies essay, rebel exists–and I believe this desire is alive and well on college campuses. The passage of sociological research paper time, and the changes it may bring, does not necessarily eliminate the principles and practices of the past. American colleges and their students may incorporate new beliefs and evolve over time, but they will remain what they are–a respite from the real world, a chance to widen one’s intellectual mindset and social experiences–so long as the processes that determine their student bodies become less impersonal and embrace this attitude as well. With Writing Admissions? However, I do believe it is the student’s responsibility to take advantage of the freedom offered on sociological research, college campuses, and to extend the were essay tradition of radicalism behind his or her parents’ hazy memories. Hell, you’re in college! You’re as free as you’ll ever be.

The Lack of Collectivity and the College Experience. There are a lot of sociological research paper dead birds in Hyde Park. I don’t know if they’re on every college campus–they must be, but I guess I just never noticed these birds before coming to the University of Chicago. I’ve always been troubled by the sight of a dead bird; I can’t see one without thinking of their long-standing symbolic value of freedom. They are unbound by gravity as we are bound, but crushed, dead they are a freedom purloined. This removal of freedom is a starting point for the transformation of the college experience from the 1960s. College cannot be what it once was; the collectivity of the college lifestyle has disintegrated to a singular experience in which it has become impossible to care outside of template oneself. It seems that college campuses must be strewn with dead birds–the death of freedom has begun the end of the paper significance that college once had. College in the ’60s meant freedom: no parents, a liberal environment, ability to vote, cigarettes, marijuana, and of course, alcohol–all of this deluged upon with writing admissions, the coming-of-age college freshman. Research? However, now this latter piece of the freedom is gone.

One can no longer enter into college being able to builder, drink alcohol. Paper? This sounds petty, yes, but in the quest to if i, preserve the archetypical college experience, students seek to drink, which is not a very difficult task. However, the wayward outlaws of the collegiate scene must do their activities clandestinely. Sociological Paper? Shutting off the were a butterfly essay world from what they do to prevent being kicked out of the dorms. When one must remove oneself from the sociological research paper populous to maintain the ideal college experience, the importance of help with writing college admissions essay college is liquidated. College becomes a singular experience, a separation from everyone. This singularity has only been strengthened by paper, the technologies of our age. Facebook, MySpace, Wikipedia, they are all technologies based on the interconnectivity of humanity. One can look at help with writing, the Facebook profile of his elementary school best friend while reading the Wikipedia article about Angelina Jolie’s children (which was updated by some stranger in, perhaps, Taiwan).

All of sociological research this while he sits comfortably, in his pajamas, in his dorm room, in another city, in another world. In the singular access to these interconnected technologies, the collective is abject; the physicality of anything has been rejected and cma resume template, replaced with ones and zeros. It becomes apparent that connectivity is a form of false collectivity. And this is dangerous; to live singularly with the thought that life is in sociological research paper any way collective (when it is cons vegetarianism only synthetically connective) we begin slouching towards Bethlehem. The non-collective form of sociological paper life creates inward thinking–college campuses are supersaturated with students who can only live in one world, and that is his or her own.

As for the University of Chicago, and other institutions of its caliber, this problem is only made worse by every student living inside of his or her head, thinking only about theories and help essay, big problems for four years. The inward thinking is only then exasperated by the new collegiate mentality that college is the level of education one must receive to someday attain a well-paying job. Living with the false collectivity only continues the destruction of greater meaning behind the college experience. Though, I admit I love Facebook and Wikipedia and sociological, theories and big problems. They are not the only causes of the death of collectivity. The abject state of collectivity is due in part also to the lack of in the butterflies urgency in the time that college students now exist.

The draft for the Vietnam War is over, the murders of students on the Kent State campus is sociological paper too long ago, and there is nothing in our time that is akin to these. Vietnam and Kent State are in the AP US History textbooks; they’re not in our lives. Thus this sense of urgency to were essay, the life of the 18 to 21-year-old has been removed. Immediacy is the last place where collectivity could have mattered, but without imperative need to act or speak or scream or protest, to even jest at research, the possibility of a collective mattering anymore is absurd. The only urgent event in research paper builder our day comes from Virginia Tech. That is to say this horrible event, created by sociological, the isolation and excessive singularity of an individual, is the only thing left to fear. Without collectivity, there is nothing to research paper builder, fight off this cruel alienation, only the further isolation of individuals. Research Paper? This new alienation is no longer one group’s departure from society-at-large, but individual separations from the former subculture itself. With no immediacy to bring us together, there is nothing to be saved, nothing to matter. The individual experience has extrapolated out the ability to care.

The liquidation of urgency from the everyday lives of college students has made it impossible to care outside of oneself. The false collectivity and inward thinking of our generation has ended any chance for sympathy to research, exist. W.E.B. Sociological Paper? Dubois wrote that, “the tragedy of the age… [is] that men know so little of men” and it seems now that this thought, over cma resume, 100 years later, has reemerged. Students do not know or care in the way that students cared about humanity in the tumultuous 1960s. This faux-pathos of our generation attempts to research, borrow from the sentiments of the past, but they mean nothing without sympathy, without urgency. University of Chicago’s campus group Students Take Action Now: Darfur (STAND) marvelously shows this principle. Upon denying some students’ requests that the university divest from Sudan, the administration decided to donate $200,000 to the Darfur cause.

In reaction to this, STAND entered the administration building with a sack of pennies. When denied access to the office of the template administrator to whom they wished to speak, one member of the research paper group poured the sack of pros cons vegetarianism pennies onto sociological paper a secretary’s desk saying, “This is what we think about their $200,000.” This action accomplished nothing; it raised no awareness aside from students on were a butterfly essay, campus who found the incident embarrassing. Research? STAND knows nothing about the people of Darfur. The action was not for Darfur–this “act of cons vegetarianism protest” was meant only to benefit STAND. The only people who can care anymore are those of research paper us who congregate on apartment back porches and critically laugh at research paper builder, STAND. We are the back porch dwellers who drink and sociological, smoke and ponder these problems on late night ventures of the mind, and then write essays for the New York Times in some hope that we could change the world or, at cma resume template, least, think about sociological paper, it. We are the essay last possible hope for the collective, for sociological research, pathos to survive, but we’re not doing well. Frozen by fear of failure, by paper builder, the lack of a collective; there is only thought, complete inaction.

We know that caring has passed; we are the remaining collectives but too small to do anything. There are too many birds collapsing from the paper sky. Freedom, collectivity, sympathy for humanity have died. It is no wonder why college isn’t what it used to be–too many dead birds all over the place. Our human race can only achieve happiness if love reaches its conclusion, and each of us finds his loved one and restores his original nature. -Aristophanes (via Plato) We are there on campus, somewhere. Look hard enough and you will find us. You know us well. There we are — walking to class, cell phone in hand, iPod in cma resume template pocket, conversation in sociological research one ear, music in the other.

The conversation ends. Essay? The phone goes away. And the other headphone takes its place. We are not every student, but we capture an unsettling type. We are the ones who cut ourselves off from communication, who isolate ourselves from those around us. We are self-creating, self-producing, self-consuming individuals. As we walk to class, we close our ears to the words of others and plug into ourselves — into the music we choose and the identities we cobble together for sociological paper, ourselves.

We know the unalienable rights the Declaration of with college admissions Independence recognizes — life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In college, recognizing we are in firm possession of the first two, we devote our attention and energies to exercising the third, and we do it on our own. The reference point is always the research self; the guiding principle whatever we think will make us happy; the arbiter of were decision our consent and sociological research, choice. We hear the lament often–that we can see outlines of the isolated individuals modernity promised in ourselves and research, those around us. We who enter lecture halls, pull out our computers, and spend the hour not engaging with the professor’s arguments but instead immersing ourselves in Facebook, MySpace, ESPN.com and Google News, blinking at research, our computer screens, we may not embody Nietzsche’s Last Man, but we do suggest the Last Man’s deluded self-satisfaction.

Our actions express a belief, perhaps unacknowledged, certainly not self-examined, that we have little to learn from the past and those who lived in it. Progress alone is our teacher. What we perhaps do not recognize is that this idolizing of progress and unreflective consent is limiting our minds, our capacity to help college admissions, study the good, and sociological paper, ultimately our ability to essay, live happy lives. The colleges and universities continue to serve a venerable purpose: beyond education, they show where we are heading and what we are leaving behind. The college is the institution where civilization can attempt to guard culture from progress-obsessed fashion. It is in the college that we can take the time to guide human passions towards reason, or at the least a more reflective passion. Sociological Research? The fashion of our time is self-discovery, followed by self-expression and self-improvement, and this fashion is founded upon a conviction in the sovereignty of the individual and template, the primacy of research consent as a good in in the of the butterflies itself.

The self-satisfied, deliberately disconnected students on campus signal that fashion is creeping over culture within the colleges and working a misunderstanding of the sociological philosophy of consent. And we, the students–and the rest of the good writing belonging country–should be worried by the foundation upon which we now build. The individual who chooses to alienate himself from society is the logical extension of the theory of social contract in political philosophy, the theory that tells us legitimacy emerges from consent. Social contract theory was founded upon a philosophical myth, the state of nature, which held human beings to be solitary, distrustful creatures not inclined by nature to sociological research paper, form communities or engage in politics. We know today from science that this view of human nature is false, that we are gregarious, social creatures that come together in communities. We as humans are by nature dependent.

But the social contract theory remains strong, and the doctrine of legitimacy-by-consent threatens to if i a butterfly essay, bring about something remarkable. We students can see among us individuals taking themselves out of society and back to the state of nature. What was a philosophical myth is becoming an unsettling reality. Those of us who believe that, through the doctrine of the individualized social contract, we are freeing ourselves to bring about a golden age of progress, are in fact making a tragic, paradoxical error. Self-satisfaction is a sign of stagnation. It indicates that we believe we already know what is sociological paper best for butterflies essay, us, without need for further reflection. Progress is not actually possible here. Consent and custom alone cannot answer us when we ask, What is good? Consent alone cannot answer why we should consent in the first place, and the philosophy of progress has ironically brought us no further on the question of how we should live. Sociological Paper? We are in cons vegetarianism essay fact more likely to be convinced that there is research paper no answer, and if i essay, that we should just experiment to find what “works” in this new utilitarian state of research paper nature. We see this in college.

The tools we thought would bring us happiness leave us in despair and anger, feeling betrayed by the theory’s promise. Cma Resume Template? We are left as snakes eating our own tails, forever seeking happiness but destroying the grounds and ignoring the means to pursue it. The self-defined, self-consuming student is paper troubling because he does not look outside himself in seeking happiness. What is good becomes good because he affirms that it is good, because he consents to its claim to goodness. If this doctrine of the good continues to grow unchallenged in cons essay our minds as we pass through college, our society will begin to research, see its effects. It is difficult to be confident about public consensus of any kind when consent can be withdrawn at any instant when it no longer seems personally satisfying to an individual. College continues to good writing ideas, matter because it provides a space counter to fashion, where students can slow down and nurture a philosophy of life more robust and noble than contract and unreflective consent. Sociological Research? The college is the final institution that asks us to decide whether we will devote our lives entirely to ourselves or to others as well. It asks us to consider Solzhenitsyn’s observation that the line between good and evil passes through every human heart, and then asks us to choose where in writing ideas us that line will run. It is when we leave our families, when we feel most like autonomous individuals, that we must be confronted and challenged.

When the chances are greatest that our focus will shift to the individual and to unreflective consent, we must reflect on research paper, the possibility that there is some external good that we can know and that might guide us in a philosophy of life. The most fundamental learning remains learning to distinguish the help with writing college admissions essay good from the sociological research bad. How will we know what to do with our treasured individualism if we do not know towards what we should direct our individual energies? The constitution of paper builder a state, since at least the time of sociological research paper Aristotle, has meant more than the political regime. It also denotes the character of the state, itself inextricably linked to the character of the people. What a people judges to be good informs all that it does and defines its character.

It is in help college admissions college that, in the starkest forms, most of us are confronted with the question of the good and sociological research paper, civic character. Ignoring the question is itself an answer to the question. Our answers will determine the cons vegetarianism essay set of sociological research paper futures our world will have. How we continue to grapple with this question will determine which future it is. It’s not a hard decision to attend college after a successful high school career.

It may be just as easier to continue one’s studies after a poor performance in school. With so many colleges and universities in were essay America why wouldn’t someone want spend their early twenties gallivanting around a college campus? It’s the perfect opportunity to gain “experience” without learning a thing. That’s the misconception that students today must continually rectify when explaining their purpose for studying at sociological research, a university. In the competitive college arena there is little opportunity to dawdle–it seems from butterflies, day one you must be steadfast in your decision to continue your studies for when an employer asks to see a resume there best be myriad internships and extracurriculars listed. However, are these experiences important for college or is sociological paper college important for these sorts of experiences? As I enter my fourth and final year at an American institution for higher learning I have begun to think about the dreaded future and research builder, the past three years I have spent toiling away in college. One lustrum ago I chose to spend my college career studying dramatic writing: I was supported in my decision but I could tell that when I graduated I was going to have to prove to research, family and friends that studying a fine art was worth it.

I hadn’t thought much of their reservations until recently when a few close friends already found job offers waiting in their mailboxes. I was only recently learning what I wanted to do and without the proper experience I wasn’t going to be getting any posh job offers. What happened to the “college experience”? With the with writing admissions essay internet so prevalent in society one does not need to go to a university in order to immerse themselves in sociological paper an atmosphere of similar peers. Online communities provide such interactions between people–why spend a fortune on of the essay, a college experience you can for the price of a cable bill? Yet we still attend college in increasing numbers. Is it because we can think of nothing else to do after high school?

Or is there something new that makes a young student want to sociological, attend an expansive university? College as American used to understand it isn’t coming to an end–it has come to an end. Builder? From their first year students are expected to research, know their career goals and in the butterflies, map out the classes and pre-graduate jobs that will land them in a success career. Brave are the few that come to university without a life plan, braver are those hoping to ride the experience. There is a higher justification for attending college in research our age. Now there are new goals for students in a more cosmopolitan college setting. International students and international opportunities make going to college a necessity for the young intelligentsia. Students from across the world who flock to American universities make it imperative that everyone attend–the campus has become our global commons.

As many schools push for their students to study abroad–or set up satellite universities in foreign countries–the world finds itself growing smaller once again. Now student discourse is most important. As international relationships seem to be ever tenuous we must prove that our future will be forever safe in pros vegetarianism the hands of the world’s student-body. In years prior, college may have been a means to foster a love for arts while honing a professional skill. It has quickly become the most important stage for international relations.

According to “Open Doors 2006? international student enrollment, which had decreased from 2003-2005, remained level from 2005-2006, it is imperative that international students feel welcome in sociological paper the United States and vice-versa. There should be no field or area that a student does not feel comfortable in–education shatters boundaries. In the already international city of New York there were many instances of times of the butterflies international experiences but there were also many was to avoid these foreign encounters. At my university and in my classes we are forced to break through uncomfortable and confront our difference. While abroad I encountered the sociological paper same thing and it was I who was now the minority and my perspective grew in so many ways. Paper Builder? Through the uncomfortable I found a sort of peace, an understanding that my differences were not something to hide but something to share.

I wish my resume could have a little column listing the sociological research paper countries I have been to. Not for bragging purposes but to show how a glimpse into the lives of others opens up an research paper, insatiable hunger to sociological, know everyone. I only wish that each experience leads me closer to a happier existence with those I share the world with. Looking back at if i were a butterfly essay, my tenure in school I came to a conclusion: I learned a lot about what I wanted to do and a lot more about what I didn’t want to do. Most of my time was spent in trial and error situations. Research? I dabbled in accounting, lost interest in publishing, and found solace in everything else around me. It is an cons essay, interesting feeling when one finds comfort in something so simple.

It is even more intriguing to understand that this simple fact, a desire to know, gives purpose in the most painless ways. I fought myself over sociological, why college matters for help admissions, many days and during many intervals throughout my college life. There were times when I found myself hating my time in school, but still drawn to a life in education. There will always be critics of college, especially as costs rise and much of a professional career is learned through hands on experience, but no other institution allows for open international debate for the sole purpose of learning. Had the students of America remained at sociological research, home after high school and had the young scholars of abroad not come to our universities I would not want to see what the state of the world would be in 25 years. I know we should not have to if i, worry because each day, in the classes and dorms of our colleges, the future world leaders are discussing the state of the world through music, literature, and stories.

As Storytelling Goes, So Goes The College Experience. Last Fall, when a hundred and fifty students at The Cooper Union in New York City staged a sit-out, the research protestors who made up the loosely organized crowd wondered to each other how long the protest might last and how successful it ultimately might be. Cons? Should the protest be suspended over sociological paper, night? Would the sit-out carry through the weekend? A resolution came more quickly than anyone anticipated: by late afternoon the Dean of Students announced that the President, George Campbell, who had earlier made a reluctant and in the of the butterflies essay, sheepish appeal to the crowd of research students, agreed to meet the demands of the protest. Paper? These demands, which were particular and minute, ensuring shuttle service and 24 hour access to the new, temporary studio space in Long Island City, seemed less important than the victory itself.

Next to sociological research, me, a student who was surprised by the administration’s quick turn around said, “I wonder what they were afraid of.” College today does not relate much to cons vegetarianism essay, the 1960’s and 70’s campus activism that Rick Perlstein depicts in his article, “What’s The Matter with College?” In retrospect, our protest, while irritated at moments, was less radical than it was pleasant. There was more contention, dissidence and noise in the on and off Slayer album playing from somebody’s stereo than there was in sociological research the protest itself. And the Slayer analogy works: A distant ancestor and evolution of the 70’s Led Zeppelin, Slayer is hard and loud, but it’s not nearly as influential. If college as America used to know it is disappearing, and with it its stardom and national attention, as Perlstein argues, then the college student America used to know has disappeared alongside it.

Most college students don’t want to be subversive, they want to be accepted. And they want to make money. As Louis Menand reported in the May 2007 New Yorker, business is by far the number one undergraduate major, beating out English in cma resume the number of bachelor degrees awarded by sociological research paper, twenty-two per cent to four per cent. Or maybe it’s that America doesn’t find college romantic anymore: it’s just an expensive place to gamble online or play World of Warcraft. Why do college and research paper builder, college students no longer lead culture? One, slightly different answer, has to do with the paper decline of another once venerable national obsession: storytelling. “The nature of paper every real story” Walter Benjamin wrote in his essay, “The Storyteller: Reflections on paper, the Works of Nikolai Leskov,” “contains, openly or covertly, something useful.” (That college should contain something useful seems obvious but is help writing admissions perhaps not always true, since nearly half of the people who go to college drop out.) For Benjamin, storytelling can be an research, education itself. To be able to learn from either side of the story–telling one or listening to one– requires the execution of skills that scoring well on the SAT’s doesn’t, including the ability to think for oneself and interpret for oneself the usefulness of something. The claim that storytelling has a diminished role in society might sound as strange now as it did in Benjamin’s time, or, for if i were a butterfly, that matter, sound as strange–especially to high school seniors and their parents–that college today isn’t much of an issue. The latest and last Harry Potter book sold just over eight million copies in its first twenty-four hours, seemingly an indication that storytelling has as much presence as ever.

But the storytelling of sociological research Harry Potter novels, or any novel, differs from the good belonging dying art of storytelling that Benjamin writes about. Research? For Benjamin, the success of the novel marks the first step in the decline of storytelling. Template? The distinction between a novel and oral storytelling becomes important because oral storytelling demands a human interaction. The college student today may be more connected than the college student of the past, but that connection is tenuous. Sociological Research? E-mail and text messaging may be a source of constant access to good creative writing ideas belonging, the world outside of campus, but it’s also another form of sociological isolation. For Benjamin, this isolation is the pros cons vegetarianism problem. He writes, “the communicability of experience is decreasing,” which might be rephrased as: when people talk, increasingly they have no advice to give or even anything noteworthy to tell each other. The critic Harold Bloom has written that reading is necessary to “restore our solitude,” a beautiful defense of literature, but one that indicates the important difference between the oral storytelling that Benjamin talks about and sociological, the storytelling of novels. For Benjamin, the differences are basic but important. A story must have some kind of advice and demands a human interaction, while a novel has no guidance to belonging, give and demands solitude.

If the latter has a search for truth, the former has at paper, its core a search for wisdom, which Benjamin calls “counsel woven into the fabric of real life.” In the experience of sharing or listening to an unfolding story lies counsel, and it is here that wisdom can be found. As with the decline of if i were essay storytelling, in the disappearing valuable college experience we no longer have a search for wisdom, but a search for information. Benjamin calls information the paper most dangerous threat to storytelling, a communication that must appear credible, a requirement that puts it at pros essay, odds with storytelling. Research? For Benjamin, the story that is phenomenal and least like information–perhaps least credible– cannot explain itself or be didactic. The counsel within a story cannot be filtered but its own explanation. Because of this, storytelling as a form of education is a much more open form of education than any institutional education and the experience of a story always demands a personal interpretation.

But the institution is writing not to blame. As Benjamin writes, without a means to communicate experience, “we have no counsel either for ourselves or for others.” To be able to learn from sociological, storytelling demands the ability to learn from help writing college admissions, experience. Research Paper? Perlstein observes that the college experience today hardly resembles the booming social experiments of 60’s and 70’s college campuses, where there was as much, or more, to learn from an afternoon arguing with Ralph Ellison in the dorm lounge as there was to learn in the classroom. Perlstein touches on the problem, that “as a discrete experience, ‘college’ has begun to disappear.” If the college experience fails to grasp the cons vegetarianism essay national imagination it may be because the college experience has no more useful stories to tell. Or at least, the ability to tell those stories has vanished. I took a day off life to paper, see the world in a better way.

It has become the only option, rather than a possible option. Butterflies Essay? As a member of the emerging youth generation, there is no question as to whether or not someone will go to college, and sociological, rather, when they will go, how much it will cost and what institution they will eventually choose. Ideas? Because we face a different educational climate than generations before us, the connection between students has suffered greatly. But what is the connection and why is it necessary? On many an afternoon, my friends and I clamor in sociological research a local tea cafe and in the times, discuss everything from relationships to sociological research, class work. Pros? A common topic, a common connecting topic, rather, is the discussion of politics. A close friend is passionate about gay and lesbian rights, finding the need to participate in the ever growing civil rights movement because he can identify himself as such. Another friend talks of sociological paper her personal experiences as a Muslim American; a female dedicated to her religion as well as the authentic experience of cma resume template a college student.

As well, I can list my own personal experiences as a black female wondering through Honors coursework where I am as unfamiliar to the setting as the author of sociological a textbook, and of the essay, how those learning opportunities have shaped my opinion about the global society we now live in. A common factor, therefore, of our discussions, regardless of whether or not the issue at hand directly relates to us, is the fact that it is some issue, some important issue that we can at sociological research, least begin to understand. We understand because we are faced with the images and thoughts of those who are, as well, going through the battles of religion, of immigration, and discrimination. These issues, these thoughts on politics are engaging, and leave us wanting to experience more, to research paper, do more as we progress through our collegiate years. Research? Organizations on campus abound for opportunities to creative writing belonging, express our desire to change the research world, to see a better future for ourselves and the generations that have yet to come.

And yet, what about the here and the now? What about the needs for change for creative belonging, one single entity that does not divide us, that we can all relate to as living, breathing beings in research higher education? What needs, someone might ask. What could one possibly need to change, with our university’s and colleges sprawled across this great country, common quads consumed with freshly cut great green grass and students psyche’s wrapped around Nietzsche and Dostoevsky? I write this with a local paper splayed across my bed sheets, just-drying stains from chai tea spilled litter the front page headlines. It has come to the point now that I read, simply to read, and don’t aesthetically pay a great deal of attention to the political leanings of each paper.

My generation pretends that this is somehow important in matters of the world, or at least, in their world, such as genocide in Africa and the plight of Hurricane Katrina evacuees, and yet they don’t do anything significant to help the problem. We talk about things, but we don’t actually do them, which, I suppose, is better than the generation before us, the in the generation that spent a great deal of time trying to save the whales or stop Starbucks from corporate takeover. For them, saving the animals or stopping mild gentrification were purposeful causes because, simply, they had foreseeable solutions. Genocide in a country of a continent most often ignored is a little less simple. And with generations previous, these issues that were fought over were issues that directly related to an 18-22 year old person in research paper the United States. But now, the newspaper would be, more or less, paying to read about the problems of the world that we can’t solve. That’s all the media has become as of late, an outlet for cma resume, the troubles of the world, only showing us quick glimpses of our societies troubles, leaving out research paper, both the bare, raw atrocities and also forgoing a solution for the next segment. It’s hard to go there, to read that, to do so purposefully. College as America used to understand it is coming to with college, an end, therefore, because of the world we live in sociological research paper today. Vegetarianism? How can one feel impassioned to have an sociological research paper, experience that is research paper so utterly radical than their lives previous when they have felt no need to diverge from what they have always known?

How can one feel the sociological desire to gain a ‘true college experience’ with the world in our hands, our singular, individualistic hands, and the ideas of pros cons vegetarianism essay others literally at grasp through the sociological stroke of belonging a keyboard? Here is a truth, bottle it up, keep it in your pocket and research, take it with you wherever and whenever. With College Essay? Appreciate it, come back to research paper, it, and with admissions essay, don’t forget it. We are lost. We are a post-modern society and I hate post-modernism. For some reason it signifies a loss of sociological research society, a loss of creativity and help writing college, insight. Who can blame this generation for their lack of enthusiasm for authenticity, for the need for a “city state” within green lawns and paper, red brick buildings, for research, the ever-present reality that the dreams of youth no longer exist, and instead, everything else only really matters? Nothing is truly our own and as this continues to sociological, be the norm, so too does the de-evolution of the collegiate experience.

The Children of Marx and Coca-Cola. There’s College, and good writing, there’s COLLEGE. Both are decidedly American concepts. When I told my teachers at my international highschool in Switzerland that I would be attending Columbia come Fall, they congratulated me and handed me reading lists. My classmates, most of whom were continuing their studies in Europe, reacted differently. Their idea of college in sociological America was more Animal House than academia: they begged me not to turn into a fat sorority girl with a drinking problem, lamenting that that I would soon be sharing a small double room with a field hockey player from Virginia Beach. Both my teachers and my friends were right. I’ve learned a lot – not enough, but a lot.

There have also been nights I don’t remember. Orientation week felt more like summer camp than university, and template, disillusion set in on the thirty-seventh occasion I told a classmate that no, I did not speak Swiss, or Swedish for that matter. About halfway through my first year I realized that college in America comes with a choice: College vs. COLLEGE. You can chose College and spend your nights studying and drinking coffee while making connections between Existentialism and film noir; or you can chose COLLEGE and stumble into sociological research class still wearing pajamas, intending to chat with friends online rather than ask questions, and use the Presidential debates as an excuse to take tequila shots at every uttered “terrorist.” Fewer and if i were, fewer students are choosing College – that is, college as America once understood it. The undergraduate years are no longer considered the time to experiment, to research paper, find oneself, to make mistakes and to pursue ones passions; it’s simply the builder first step towards finding a good job that will hopefully cover rent, medical insurance, that house and sociological paper, those cars. College is an investment, not an experience, and this mentality that is so prevalent in America today renders learning for learning’s sake pointless: for all intents and purposes, nobody cares if you can tell the cons difference between Godot and Godard. Outside academia, intellectualism is acknowledged primarily in the form of geek-chic; philosophy majors are told that it’s law school or bust, scientists can only dream of a life after medical school, and everyone else seems to end up doing economics. Activists of all inclinations are ridiculed and told to “get real” by research paper, their straight-laced peers, partly because of the deadbeat hippie stereotype (thanks, Dad), but also because of society’s increasing materialism: personal growth and engaged, informed discourse have no value if they aren’t financially viable.

I understand those who choose COLLEGE. Idealism is a bad career move, and times of the, it’s much easier to research paper, settle with a cubicle and a generous salary if you’ve never read Marx or thought about what happiness really means. The pressure to succeed financially and help writing, socially is paper crippling: the in the times essay prevalence of sociological paper depression (affecting up to 15%) eating disorders (20%), sleeping problems (20%), and alcohol abuse and dependence (31%) suggest that college students aren’t well-adjusted humans as much as well-rounded bags of if i a butterfly essay nerves held together by research, prescription drugs and pros vegetarianism essay, pop culture slogans. College is presented as a last chance at fun before “real” life begins – these are supposed to be the best four years you’ll ever have, so you’d better not waste any of that precious time sober. You can read books until your eyes fall out, but when’s the sociological research paper next time you can sleep all day?

Why keep up with politics when you’ve got a paper due in two hours that you haven’t even started? And who the hell goes to college to write papers, anyway? You deserve to coast for essay, a few years after working so hard to get in. And we didn’t even have to pass tests to get into kindergarten! The COLLEGE mentality is paper contagious: peer pressure, distance from the parents, and the change in lifestyle are all contributing factors. But it’s less about the research paper builder schools themselves than about the popular institutions that take advantage of their students: Spring Break, Girls Gone Wild, Homecoming and Beer Pong have become the new College because unlike dissent, dispute and revolution, they put little at stake.

When some risk arises – future employers on Facebook, hazing, alleged sexual violence under the influence of alcohol or God forbid, a protest – it is quickly rectified with online privacy settings, rules, court-cases, and more rules that COLLEGE is more than happy to comply with. College aspires to negative liberty, the freedom from external rules to act as one chooses; COLLEGE settles with positive liberty, or the sociological freedom to achieve one’s goals, albeit under the constraints of an outside authority. Pros Cons Vegetarianism? Make what you want of it, but this generation wants status, stability, and an i-phone, not change and reckless abandon. Columbia does not offer the metaphorical basket weaving course and has a serious Core curriculum, but I’m still dismayed by how little students care about, well, College. Wasn’t the point of getting stoned to unlock the doors of sociological research paper perception, to discover World Peace in an ink blot? If so, why are we sitting comatose in template front of a pizza and sociological research paper, Family Guy? It breaks my heart to see so many of in the butterflies my friends and classmates, once so passionate about sociological research, journalism or abstract mathematics, spend more time in an investment bank than lost in thought or conversation. And the worst part is that I can’t blame them for it: it’s hard for an individual to help with writing college admissions essay, develop a thirst for learning in a meritocracy that won’t reward it. COLLEGE, and on sociological paper, a macro level, the entire country, does little to encourage intellectualism outside the resume.

Its participants can’t even sell out because they’ve been bought from the start: they are simply the younger versions of their older selves. What’s the matter with college? COLLEGE. Butterflies? It is COLLEGE that causes students to be satisfied with the “gentleman’s” C+, and the same COLLEGE which encourages them to sociological, opt for an easy A over if i, an educated B. Both are symptoms of the greater problem: COLLEGE is a merely a means to sociological, an end, and not an end to good writing ideas, experience in and of sociological itself – its value is if i essay instrumental, impersonal. Research Paper? And like countless other social phenomena turned marketing plans, the essay College that defined past generations is reduced to a slogan on a T-shirt: COLLEGE.

No name. No place. No identity. Sociological Paper? Just the generic, boldface print; a rite of passage, an American institution. Paper Builder? The undergraduate unreality that puts real life on hold in favor of a world where nothing matters – yet.

In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an sociological, essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and research paper builder, invited college students across the United States to respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an sociological, insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the if i a butterfly essay winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by sociological research paper, their authors or did not follow the pros cons contest's rules.)

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What is the Best Font for a Resume (+10 Examples Tips) What are the best fonts for sociological research a resume? Well, the best resume fonts are those that are easy to read. That’s the bottom line. If you use a common resume font that’s easy to read, you win. That’s all you have to do.

No, there are no magical font that will get you more interviews. Some typefaces do seem to if i a butterfly have a psychological impact on sociological the reader. Would you like to know which great resume fonts can make you seem more truthful or professional? Of course, you would. In this article you will find: The best resume fonts compared to the worst. Good Creative Belonging! Beautiful examples of how the best resume fonts look. Sociological Research Paper! Pros and cons for each recommended resume font to were essay make your decision easier. Psychological tips on standard fonts to use on sociological paper a resume. Are you writing a resume for the first time?

Or are you a professional who could use some tips on how to make a resume stand out? Either way, we've got you covered. Read our full guide: How To Create A Resume: A Step-By-Step Guide (+30 Examples) 20 Samples of the pros vegetarianism essay Worst and research paper, Best Resume Fonts. Let’s start with Calibri. Microsoft replaced Times New Roman with Calibri as the default font for Word in 2007. So, when you write your resume in in the of the butterflies Word without changing the font you’re using Calibri.

And there’s nothing wrong with that. Pro: As a default font, Calibri will not get messed up when a hiring manager opens your resume files. Plus it’s a professional and easy-to-read font. Con: As a default font, many other job seekers will also use Calibri. That means your resume might not stand out from the sociological paper others.

If you want a less common font, put some thought into selecting one instead of going with what you’re given. Webdings isn’t even a font. It’s a typeface that uses pictures instead of letters. So, unless you’re trying to send a secret message, there is no occasion to ever use Webdings on your resume. Want to know the secret to writing a resume that gets your professional message across loud and clear? Have you heard of opening with a resume summary? If not, then you should read our guide: How To Write A Resume Summary: 21 Best Examples You Will See Two Swiss designers created Helvetica. And they named the typeface after the help with writing college admissions Latin word for sociological Switzerland, “Helvetia.” There are those that say Helvetica is the with essay best font for a resume. Helvetica is a pretty, easy-to-read sans serif font.

The only problem is that Helvetica is not free. You aren’t going to find it listed under fonts in Microsoft Word. Paper! You are going to have to buy it if you want to use it and don’t have a Mac. Pro: A lot of with writing admissions, professionals rank Helvetica as one of the sociological research more beautiful Sans Serif fonts. What are Sans Serif fonts? Sans Serif fonts are those that do not have the feet on letters like the research “T” in sociological paper Times New Roman. Designers describe them as fresh, modern, and butterflies, good for resumes. Both the New York City metro and major corporations like BMW use Helvetica for research their signs. Con: Helvetica only comes preloaded on Macs.

Otherwise, you have to buy the in the of the essay font to use it. A Bloomberg article attacked Courier as one of the worst resume fonts. That’s because Courier screams: “ I want my resume to look like I wrote it on sociological research a typewriter! ” You are not Jack Kerouac. You did not sit down and in the times, write your entire resume in one go on a typewriter. (If you did, you might want to consider rewriting your resume.) So, your resume shouldn’t look like you wrote it on paper a typewriter. Luckhurst is also one of research paper, those that believes Helvetica is the most beautiful font for resumes. That’s for you to decide.

If you want your resume to look professional, it's better to research paper spend time choosing the right resume format. Do you know which resume format is in the times essay, best for research paper you? Find out by reading our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Arial looks like Helvetica. So much so that the main difference seems to be that Arial is free. Plus it’s a very standard typeface that’s easy and times butterflies, comfortable to read. Pro: Arial is the default font for Google Docs. It’s also a standard font for Microsoft Word which means it will show up on most computers. Con: If you’re looking for a modern resume font that’s going to stand out a little bit, Arial isn’t it. You might want to go with Garamond or other less obvious fonts. Or you might want to just pay for Helvetica.

Yes, I shouldn’t have to tell anyone to avoid Comic Sans. Comic Sans is for writing the dialogue that appears in sociological the speech bubbles of comic books. It was not designed for serious documents. That’s why it has become the font that other fonts push down on good creative ideas the playground. With that said, it’s pretty obvious why you should never, ever use it on sociological your resume. But what should you put on a resume? Are you sure you aren't forgetting anything? Just in case you want to college find out, read our guide: What To Put On A Resume To Make It Perfect [Tips Examples] Georgia is the font used by the New York Times online. It’s also used by Yahoo, Amazon, and Twitter. The designers wanted to create a font that’s easy to paper read online, making it ideal if you plan to send your resume as a PDF. Pro: You can find Georgia across writing platforms.

Con: Georgia is accessible and a fine replacement font for Times New Roman. Times Of The Butterflies Essay! That may lead many other job seekers to use Georgia. So, again, if you want to stand out research paper you might want to if i a butterfly go with something else. Now, there are no rules about not using Times New Roman. In fact, it is the most standard resume font. But that’s why you might want to avoid it. Research! Imagine you’re the hiring manager. You’re scanning one resume after another in Times New Roman. Then you come across a resume written in Georgia.

It’s a similar font, but it's just different enough to be refreshing. You might actually favor the resume written in essay Georgia for that simple fact alone. That’s why Georgia is one of the best fonts for a resume. It’s just refreshing enough to outshine resumes using standard fonts like Times New Roman. Want to know another refreshing resume secret? Add hobbies and interests to your resume to show off a bit of your personality. Don't believe me? Read our guide: +20 Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) Matthew Carter created Verdana over at Microsoft.

He designed the font so that it is paper, easy to read in small print on computer screens. While he named it after his daughter Anna, the font is not as well-loved as that little girl. Yet, Verdana remains a good choice for digital versions of resumes. Pro: Great for job seekers who need to squeeze more onto their resumes. Especially if you know the hiring manager is going to read it online and not in print. Con: If you’re looking for a “wow” resume font, keep looking. Verdana doesn’t look all that different from Arial and Arial looks like Helvetica. In 2010, Ikea ditched a personalized version of cma resume template, Futura in favor of Verdana. The Ikea catalog is the third most printed document after the Bible and Harry Potter.

The Swedish furniture company felt that it was time to bridge the gap between digital and print. So, they chose Verdana. Futura looks good in print, but it can cause some hiccups for readers trying to consume text-heavy documents online. The Ikea Verdanagate controversy pit older aesthetic fonts against more practical modern fonts. (Futura is from the 1920’s) Let’s say you do need a versatile font like Verdana that will look good both on research your PDF and cons essay, print resume.

Just think about it. Research! Ikea is if i a butterfly, a master at maximizing the use of minimized space. A good trick for resume writers. Maybe that translates to research their choice of font? You be the judge. Having trouble squeezing information onto your resume? How long should a resume be in the first place? Find out research paper builder everything you need to know about sociological paper resume length in were essay our dedicated guide: How Long Should A Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know Garamond is a font with a long history. Sociological Paper! I won’t bore you with the cma resume template details.

But, Garamond fonts come from 15th and 16th-century designs. Why is research paper, that important? Well, at its age, Garamond is timeless. And a timeless font is a good resume font. Claude Garamond was a French punchcutter and lived from 1480 to 1561. His designs formed the template basis for the Adobe version of Garamond.

Later, Jean Jannon designed a typeface that most other digital versions of Garamond resemble. Regardless of the version, Garamond commands respect and charms its admirers. Pro: Among those who make it their business to know about fonts, Garamond is a favorite. It’s classy. Plus, Garamond meets all the requirements of sociological research, a good resume font. Easy to were a butterfly read? Check. Paper! Attractive? Check. Not something everyone and their mom uses?

Check. Con: The Harry Potter books - Garamond. Template! It’s just a magical font. I guess there are those who could say that Garamond is sociological research, so timeless that it might make your resume feel dated. Okay, so you want an old school, classic looking font. That’s why Garamond is great. It’s French. Help With Admissions Essay! It’s old. It’s classy.

Fake Ancient Egyptian chic isn’t the answer. Sociological Research Paper! Papyrus may be a great font for of the The Return of the Mummy , but it’s not a great font for your resume. It’s just as kitsch and childish as Comic Sans. Avoid it. Instead, add accomplishments to your resume.

Adding achievements to sociological paper your resume is the fastest way to make it classy. Don't know how? Need ideas? We've got you covered: Achievements To Put On A Resume - Complete Guide (+30 Examples) Unlike Garamond, Proxima Nova is a modern font. Mark Simonson created the font as late as 2005. Proxima Nova is for essay you if you’d rather go for research paper a sleek, modern resume font. It’s the creative ideas belonging font of choice for websites like Buzzfeed, Mashable, and Flickr. Pro: You don’t have to sociological paper buy Proxima Nova if you’re using Google docs to writing college admissions essay make your resume. Con: Proxima Nova is not a Microsoft Word font.

So, if that’s the program you’re using to make your resume, you can’t use Proxima Nova unless you buy it. Want to go with the opposite of modern? Why not Trajan? Trajan’s designer had had Roman inscriptions in mind when he made the font for Adobe. The font is all in research caps, with no lowercase letters. Admissions Essay! So, using Trajan may make you feel like the Caesar of sociological paper, resumes. But, it will just make your resume look like a Steven Spielberg movie poster. Leading with an outdated resume objective will also make your resume look bad. Read our guide to good creative ideas find out how to sociological research write a modern resume objective that will land you a job: +20 Resume Objective Examples - Use Them On Your Resume (Tips) Lukasz Dziedzic, a Polish typeface designer, created Lato.

It’s an open source font which means you can download and cons vegetarianism, use it for sociological paper free. Dziedzic was designing the font for a large corporate client in essay the beginning. That’s why the paper typeface has both serious and in the times essay, friendly qualities. He said the dual nature of the sociological research paper font gave it the paper builder “feeling of the paper summer.” He named the font Lato, which is the Polish word for summer. Pro: Lato is a corporate font.

So, you can rest assured that it will work well on your resume. Con: Lato is essay, not a standard Microsoft Word font. That might mean that it will not load when some hiring managers open your resume. Let’s say you want to go for something more personal and less corporate. Wouldn’t a font that looks like handwriting work well? No.

You should personalize many aspects of the job-seeking process. Tailor your resume to the job description or write a personal email to sociological the hiring manager. But don’t choose a popular resume font that looks handwritten. They’re kitschy and were a butterfly, unprofessional like that picture of sociological paper, dogs playing poker. Don't know how to tailor your resume to cma resume template a job description? It's one of the best things you can do for research your resume. Template! Read our full guide to find out how to tailor your resume: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description In an experiment for the New York Times, writer Errol Morris made a quiz to sociological see if fonts changed the way people respond to information. The quiz was a true or false question presented in several different fonts.

Takers were told that their answers would let them know if they were optimists or pessimists. The results showed that Baskerville inspired people to select “true” more often. Pro: Hiring managers may find your resume more truthful if you use Baskerville. Con: Baskerville, like Garamond and essay, Didot, is an older font and research, can give your resume a dated look. Times Of The Butterflies! If you’re applying for a job in a startup, choosing a hipper font might have more impact. Speaking of impact Okay, so most of these preferred resume fonts are boring and common. Let’s go for something with impact.

Hey, isn’t there a font called Impact? Why, yes. But you can’t use it on your resume. Because Impact is a bold font that’s difficult to sociological paper read in the body of a resume. So, if you want to make an of the impact, don’t use impact as a font. Making an impact on a resume is about putting all the right skills in sociological research paper all the right places. Need to know what skills are the best for resumes? Read our guide: +30 Best Examples Of What Skills To Put On A Resume (Proven Tips) Didot is an elegant font designed by Firmin Didot just before the French Revolution. Didot is not as old and classic as Garamond.

But it was born during the Enlightenment and the reign of Marie Antoinette. So, it’s a good font for dressing up your resume. At the same time, many professionals associate the font with fashion. Fashion brands like Ralph Lauren and Marks Spencer use Didot on their websites. So, keep in mind that there is a time and times, place for sociological paper Didot. Paper! You don’t want your resume to suffer the same fate as Marie Antoinette. Research Paper! Only use Didot under the right circumstances. Pro: Elegant font design that qualifies as the safest choice if you must go with something fancy. Con: You must buy Didot if you want to use it on cma resume template your resume. Sociological Paper! That’s the biggest drawback and the reason why we’ve put it last on our list of fonts.

Also, Didot works best for fashion industry resumes. Try something a little less ball gown and a little more business casual for corporate resumes. Villain Font: Vivaldi (Or any other swoopy, cursive font) Ask yourself. Would this font look great on my wedding invitations?

Or would Heathcliff find my love letters more romantic if I used this font? If you answer “yes” to template either question when choosing a font, then you shouldn’t use it for research paper your resume. That’s because fancy, cursive fonts are difficult to read. And “hard to read font” translates to “bad resume font.” So, do not use fonts like Vivaldi under any circumstances. If it must be fancy, make it Didot. Pro Tip: Remember that different fonts are easier to read on screen and in print.

Make sure you choose a font that works both ways. Print out a copy of your resume to help with writing college essay make sure. Also, when choosing a font size for a resume keep it between 10-12 points . Making your resume font size smaller just to smash in extra information is a big no-no. Choosing a proper resume font is all about making sure your resume is easy on the eyes of research, whoever is reading it. You’ll also want to make sure that you’re using a universal font. One that will open on every computer and appease Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software.

There is some psychology behind how fonts work on the subconscious. That said, in the world of professional resume fonts, readability is king. Have a perfect resume font that didn’t make our list but got you your last job? Share it with us in the comments. Natalie is a writer at pros cons vegetarianism Uptowork.

She loves writing about resumes and paper, eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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A life science recruiter's blog on sociological paper placing RD professionals. Pros Cons Vegetarianism Essay. What Biotech Recruiters Look For In A Good CV. What do biotech recruiters expect in a good CV (Curriculum Vitae) of a life science professional? How do they tell a good CV from a bad one? As an executive recruiter who specializes in finding life scientists and doctors, I review thousands of CVs and over the years I have developed a pattern in my CV review process. I search for specific items in a certain order and if the item is sociological paper unacceptable or missing, the CV and hence candidate will be rejected. Below is what I seek in if i a butterfly essay, a good CV to quickly pinpoint strong candidates for paper my current pharma and biotech jobs as well as for any future positions I might have. Each item is pros cons essay listed in the order of what is most important to me as an sociological research executive recruiter for pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. Most of the cma resume, first few steps in my process only take seconds.

A candidate€™s CV holds my interest depending on: 1. Sociological Research. Educational Experience : I only recruit PhD or MD candidates and if someone does not have at times butterflies essay least one of these degrees I have no interest in the person and he will be rejected. Next I look to sociological see where the cma resume template, person got his PhD or MD. I hate to be a snob when it comes to schools, but the fact of the matter is a client will react more favorably to a candidate from sociological paper, a top school. Of course work experience counts too and someone who has risen well through the ranks and done well for himself will not be penalized for not attending the best schools. I always take into consideration the good creative ideas, fact that perhaps there were extenuating circumstances, such as cost, that prohibited a candidate from sociological research, attending a top school. Next I check when the PhD was received. Cons Vegetarianism. Although I am not allowed to discriminate for age, I do need to quickly get a handle as to the approximate amount of sociological research experience I am dealing with. Someone who is just past postdoc or residency is in a different ballpark than someone with 10-15 years under their belt. By looking at the year of graduation I can quickly ascertain whether someone has the right level of experience for the position I am working on.

Then there are a few other items I scan in the educational section of creative ideas a CV. I like to see if an MD candidate is Board Certified and if so in what specialty. I note where a medical doctor did his training and for how many years. Likewise, I look to see where a PhD candidate did his postdoctoral work. I check to see if there were large gaps during the research paper, educational process and try to figure out what this means (perhaps the person had to work his way through school and could only attend part time). Template. Candidates take note: Since education and training are so critical for a scientist in the pharma and biotech industries I like to see this information at the beginning portion of a CV and not buried further down. Please don€™t make me go flipping through pages of information about committees you are on research paper or conferences where you have spoken.

These are important items but not as critical as your education and training. 2. Current Employer : After educational background the next important thing to me in a good CV is where a candidate is if i were a butterfly currently employed. A person who was hired by a quality pharmaceutical company like Merck, or biotechnology company, like Genentech, goes higher up on sociological research the list than someone from good writing belonging, a company I never heard of. Of course I do not know all the life sciences companies, especially new ones, and if I don€™t recognize a company I will scroll down to see where else the candidate has worked before passing judgment. And generally it is a negative if I see a candidate is consulting because clients want currently employed candidates and ideally ones from their competitors. However I recognize there are circumstances when a person might have to research paper consult in order to make a living until they find their next job. And I know many great people were downsized, through no fault of their own, because pharma and biotechs have cut jobs to stay viable during difficult times. All this gets mentally calculated when I do a quick scan of a CV. But if a person has been a consultant for cons many years I usually will bypass the person. Research Paper. Clients and recruiters are afraid consultants are not a team players and are too independent to stay on if i at their company. Some consultants use recruiters and say they want a full time job when in paper, fact they just want the pros cons vegetarianism, opportunity to sell their consulting company to sociological research the client.

3. Current Title: Titles say a lot about the candidate. A Principal Research Scientist or Investigator is essay a different animal than a Vice President. One is on the technical track and one is on the management track. The title will quickly pinpoint whether a candidate is right for a life science job I am working on. 4. Sociological. Previous Companies: Just as the current employer is so important previous employers also paint a picture of the candidate. Did the person recently leave academia to go to industry? Did the person start in biotech and then migrate to big pharma? Or the more normal track would be to work many years in cons essay, big pharma and then test the waters in biotech. The companies a person has listed will reveal to the recruiter whether he or she is a risk taker. If I see a person has spent his entire career in big pharma, it might be a hard sell to convince the candidate to go to my tiny startup client. 5. Career Progression: Closely connected with current and previous employment is sociological how a candidate has progressed from creative writing ideas, job to job.

Was there a position of more responsibility and title with each new role? Did the person go backwards (not good), say from a VP to a Director? Did the sociological paper, candidate strive for cma resume increasingly better quality companies? 6. Job Hoppers: Next I look at the number of years that a candidate has worked at a company. Did he leave after only one or two years from several companies?

Did he have a long career at one particular company and then hop around, which could be a sign the candidate just hasn€™t found the right fit? Perhaps the candidate is in biotech and hence moved from job to sociological research job as individual companies were sold or shut their doors. When dealing with biotech candidates this has to be taken into consideration when it comes to a CV with frequent moves listed. If I Were A Butterfly Essay. Then again, it isn€™t always a great candidate either who has stayed at one place their whole career. Such a person might be inflexible and fear changes. He or she might be a dinosaur and certainly hasn€™t gained from the research paper, experience of trying new corporate cultures.

7. Publications and Patents: Before a more thorough check of publications and patents, I do a quick review of the quantity and quality of the publications listed by research builder the candidate. A good CV will have many publications with many or at research paper least one at top journals, like Science. I check to see if the butterflies essay, candidate in paper, question was a first author on some of the papers. Although some companies will not allow much publishing by their employees, a strong candidate will have a strong publication record. 8. Research Paper Builder. Speaker or Chair at Scientific Meetings: A good CV will have a record of sociological research paper speaking or chairing scientific meetings.

This tells me, the biotech recruiter, that his scientific colleagues deem the scientist a leader in his field. On the opposite good creative, extreme someone with a padded speaker list begs the research, question, €śwhen does this guy get any real work done?€ť Another point I note is which meetings are listed on cma resume a CV as this is as important as having the right journals for publications. Sociological Paper. 9. Spelling and punctuation errors: Many of the scientists and doctors, who send me their CV, took heavy science courses in college and were not English majors. So an help essay eloquently written CV is not to be expected. Mistakes can occur since so many scientific words end up underlined in sociological paper, red by spell checkers allowing a common misspelled word to be overlooked. And really in this day and age of spell checkers and autocorrect, who hasn€™t had the wrong spelling for a word included in written work? (I for in the essay one often type €śfro€ť instead of €śfor€ť and my computer does not pick this up. Sociological Paper. Sorry readers if you spot this in my posts.) However, blatant and consistent errors should not happen and the candidates should always have another person, preferably someone who writes English well, proof read the CV. 10.

Keywords and Descriptive Text: I know keywords are important so recruitment software can spot qualifications etc., but at the higher level I recruit for, I don€™t like to see a lot of keywords or skills listed. By the time someone has worked the number of years I need for my positions, most necessary keywords are embedded just in butterflies, the natural flow of writing about the paper, various roles the candidate has accomplished. Instead, I like descriptive sentences telling me exactly what a person did at each job. Remember a two page short CV is not expected of times butterflies essay scientists when they have such technical positions to describe. And don€™t dumb down your CV but also don€™t assume all readers will understand your technical lingo. Research Paper. Again it pays to have a non- scientist proof read the CV to cma resume be sure it is readable by a lay person as well as to the scientific hiring manager. Another interesting post titled, #8220;What Recruiters look At During The 6 Seconds They Spend on Your Resume#8221; by Vivian Giang came to my attention after I wrote this post. But it has some very good advice. For one, it mentions what recruiters look for sociological most and these are exactly what I mentioned above: #8220;In the template, short time that they spend with your resume, the study showed recruiters will look at sociological paper your name, current title and company, current position start and end dates, previous title and company, previous position start and end dates, and education.#8221; The post also states that you should create a CV with a #8220;clear visual hierarchy#8221; as these get greater attention from with college essay, recruiters.

As someone who only sociological paper recruits scientists, I know how to spot the €śreal deal€ť quickly while reviewing a CV. The above points should help candidates who want to write a good CV that will catch the eye of pharma or biotech recruiters. 01/22/14 Recruiters spend about if i a butterfly, 6 seconds reviewing a resume or CV. But as a life science recruiter, I spend a few more seconds. I also check out the quantity and quality of scientific publications. Remember the sociological paper, number of publications isn#8217;t as important if they are not in paper, top tier science journals like Science. The Differences Working for Biotech vs. Pharma Review. The other day I was interviewed by author Mark Terry. Paper. Recruiting for cons essay 3 Life Science Jobs.

Clark Executive Search is searching for a Director, Translational Medicine. The Importance of research paper Thank You Notes. Thank you notes are an important key to. Review: #8220;Vault Career Guide to Pharmaceuticals and Biotech#8221; The €śVault Career Guide to if i essay Pharmaceuticals and Biotech€ť.

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essay figures Once your statistical analyses are complete, you will need to summarize the data and results for presentation to your readers. Research Paper. Data summaries may take one of 3 forms: text, Tables and Figures. Text: contrary to what you may have heard, not all analyses or results warrant a Table or Figure. Some simple results are best stated in a single sentence, with data summarized parenthetically: Seed production was higher for plants in the full-sun treatment (52.3 +/-6.8 seeds) than for those receiving filtered light (14.7+/- 3.2 seeds, t=11.8, df=55, p0.001.) Tables: Tables present lists of numbers or text in columns, each column having a title or label. Do not use a table when you wish to paper builder, show a trend or a pattern of relationship between sets of values - these are better presented in a Figure. For instance, if you needed to present population sizes and sex ratios for your study organism at a series of sites, and paper, you planned to focus on builder, the differences among individual sites according to (say) habitat type, you would use a table. However, if you wanted to show us that sex ratio was related to sociological paper, population size, you would use a Figure.

Figures: Figures are visual presentations of results, including graphs, diagrams, photos, drawings, schematics, maps, etc. Graphs are the times of the butterflies most common type of figure and will be discussed in sociological paper, detail; examples of other types of figures are included at the end of this section. Graphs show trends or patterns of relationship. Organizing your presentation: Once you have done your analyses and decided how best to present each one, think about times butterflies how you will arrange them. Your analyses should tell a story which leads the reader through the sociological steps needed to logically answer the question(s) you posed in your Introduction. The order in which you present your results can be as important in convincing your readers as what you actually say in the text. How to with essay, refer to Tables and Figures from the text: Every Figure and Table included in the paper MUST be referred to from the text. Use sentences that draw the reader's attention to research, the relationship or trend you wish to highlight, referring to the appropriate Figure or Table only parenthetically: Germination rates were significantly higher after 24 h in running water than in controls (Fig. 4).

DNA sequence homologies for the purple gene from the template four congeners (Table 1) show high similarity, differing by at most 4 base pairs. Avoid sentences that give no information other than directing the reader to sociological paper, the Figure or Table: Table 1 shows the summary results for good creative ideas, male and female heights at Bates College. Abbreviation of the sociological research word Figure: When referring to a Figure in the text, the word Figure is abbreviated as Fig., while Table is not abbreviated. Template. Both words are spelled out completely in descriptive legends. How to research, number Tables and Figures: Figures and Tables are numbered independently , in with essay, the sequence in research, which you refer to them in the text, starting with Figure 1 and Table 1. Pros Cons Essay. If, in revison, you change the presentation sequence of the figures and tables, you must renumber them to sociological paper, reflect the new sequence. Placement of cons vegetarianism, Figures and sociological research, Tables within the Paper: In manuscripts (e.g. lab papers, drafts), Tables and Figures are usually put on separate pages from text material. In consideration of your readers, place each Table or Figure as near as possible to the place where you first refer to it (e.g., the next page).

It is permissable to place all the pros cons illustrative material at sociological the end of the Results section so as to pros cons vegetarianism essay, avoid interrupting the flow of text. The Figures and Tables may be embedded in the text, but avoid breaking up the text into research paper small blocks; it is better to have whole pages of help with college essay, text with Figures and Tables on their own pages. The Acid Test for Tables and Figures: Any Table or Figure you present must be sufficiently clear, well-labeled, and described by its legend to be understood by your intended audience without reading the results section, i.e., it must be able to stand alone and be interpretable. Overly complicated Figures or Tables may be difficult to understand in or out of context, so strive for simplicity whenever possible. Paper. If you are unsure whether your tables or figures meet these criteria, give them to a fellow biology major (not in your course) and research builder, ask them to interpret your results. Descriptive Legends or Captions: To pass the acid test above, a clear and complete legend (sometimes called a caption) is essential. Like the title of the paper itself, each legend should convey as much information as possible about what the Table or Figure tells the reader : the first sentence functions as the sociological research title for the figure (or table) and should clearly indicate what results are shown in the context of the study question, the summary statistics that have been plotted (e.g., mean and SEM), the organism studied in the experiment (if applicable), context for the results: the treatment applied or the relationship displayed, etc. location (ONLY if a field experiment), specific explanatory information needed to interpret the results shown (in tables, this is frequently done as footnotes) and may include a key to any annotations, culture parameters or conditions if applicable (temperature, media, etc) as applicable, and, sample sizes and statistical test summaries as they apply. Good. Do not simply restate the axis labels with a versus written in between. Figure 1. Height frequency (%) of White Pines ( Pinus strobus ) in the Thorncrag Bird Sanctuary, Lewiston, Maine, before and after the Ice Storm of '98.

Before, n=137, after, n=133. Four trees fell during the storm and were excluded from the post-storm survey. In the examples later in this section, note the completeness of the legends. When you are starting out, you can use one of these examples (or an appropriate example from a published paper) as a model to follow in constructing your own legends. NOTE : Questions frequently arise about sociological research how much methodology to include in the legend, and how much results reporting should be done. For lab reports, specific results should be reported in the results text with a reference to the applicable Table or Figure. Other than culture conditions, methods are similarly confined to the Methods section. The reality: How much methodology and results are reported in the legends is journal specific. Hot-off-the-press journals like Science and if i a butterfly essay, Nature so limit the body text that virtually all of the Methods are presented in the Figure and sociological research paper, Table legends or in footnotes. Much of the results are also reported in the legends. Format and of the butterflies, placement of legends:

Both Figure and Table legends should match the sociological width of the Table or graph. Table legends go above the body of the cma resume template Table and are left justified ; Tables are read from the top down. Figure legends go below the graph and are left justified ; graphs and research, other types of if i were essay, Figures are usually read from the bottom up. Use a font one size smaller than the body text of the document and be consistent throughout the document. Use the same font as the body text. The Anatomy of sociological, a Table. Table 4 below shows the typical layout of help with writing admissions, a table in three sections demarcated by paper lines. Tables are most easily constructed using your word processor's table function or a spread sheet such as Excel. Gridlines or boxes, commonly invoked by word processors, are helpful for template, setting cell and paper, column alignments, but should be eliminated from the printed version. Tables formatted with cell boundaries showing are unlikely to research builder, be permitted in a journal.

Example 1: Courtesy of Shelley Ball. Example 2: Courtesy of Shelley Ball. Example 3: Courtesy of Greg Anderson. In these examples notice several things: the presence of research paper, a period after Table #; the with writing college legend (sometimes called the caption ) goes above the Table; units are specified in column headings wherever appropriate; lines of research, demarcation are used to set legend, headers, data, and footnotes apart from writing, one another. footnotes are used to clarify points in the table, or to sociological, convey repetitive information about entries; footnotes may also be used to denote statistical differences among groups. The Anatomy of a Figure. The sections below show when and how to use the four most common Figure types (bar graph, frequency histogram, XY scatterplot, XY line graph.) The final section gives examples of vegetarianism essay, other, less common, types of Figures. Parts of a Graph: Below are example figures (typical line and bar graphs) with the various component parts labeled in red.

Refer back to these examples if you encounter an unfamiliar term as you read the following sections. Some general considerations about Figures: Big or little? For course-related papers, a good rule of thumb is to size your figures to sociological paper, fill about one-half of a page. Use an easily readable font size for axes and ticks. Of The Butterflies Essay. Readers should not have to reach for a magnifying glass to read the legend or axes. Compound figures may require a full page. Color or no color? Most often black and white is preferred. The rationale is that if you need to photocopy or fax your paper, any information conveyed by colors will be lost to the reader. However, for a poster presentation or a talk with projected images, color can be helpful in distinguishing different data sets.

Every aspect of sociological, your Figure should convey information; never use color simply because it is pretty. Title or no title? Never use a title for Figures included in in the, a document ; the legend conveys all the necessary information and the title just takes up extra space. However, for posters or projected images , where people may have a harder time reading the small print of a legend, a larger font title is research paper, very helpful. Offset axes or not ? Elect to offset the axes only when data points will be obscured by being printed over the Y axis. Error bars or not ? Always include error bars (e.g., SD or SEM) when plotting means. In some courses you may be asked to plot other measures associated with the mean, such as confidence intervals. When plotting data analyzed using non-parametric tests, you will most likely plot the median and quartiles or the range. These might be dotplots or box and whisker plots.

Tick marks - Use common sense when deciding on cma resume template, major (numbered) versus minor ticks. Major ticks should be used to reasonably break up the range of sociological research paper, values plotted into builder integer values. Within the major intervals, it is usually necessary to add minor interval ticks that further subdivide the sociological research scale into vegetarianism logical units (i.e., a interval that is a factor of the major tick interval). For example, when using major tick intervals of sociological research paper, 10, minor tick intervals of 1,2, or 5 might be used, but not 3 or 4. When the data follow a uniform interval on the x-axis (e.g., a times series, or equal increments of concentration), use major ticks to match the data. No minor intervals would be used in this case. If I Were Essay. Legend width - The width of the figure legend should match the width of the graph (or other content. Style considerations - When you have multiple figures, make sure to standardize font, font sizes, etc. such that all figures look stylistically similar. When you have multiple graphs, or graphs and sociological research, others illustrative materials that are interrelated, it may be most efficient to builder, present them as a compound figure. Compound figures combine multiple graphs into one common figure and share a common legend. Each figure must be clearly identified by capital letter (A, B, C, etc), and, when referred to from the Results text, is specifically identified by sociological research paper that letter, e.g., . (Fig.

1b) . The legend of the compound figure must also identify each graph and the data it presents by letter. Four Common Figure Types. Bar graphs are used when you wish to compare the value of a single variable (usually a summary value such as a mean) among several groups. For example, a bar graph is appropriate to in the times of the butterflies, show the mean sizes of plants harvested from plots that received 4 different fertilizer treatments. (Note that although a bar graph might be used to sociological research, show differences between only 2 groups, especially for pedagogical purposes, editors of many journals would prefer that you save space by presenting such information in the text.) In this example notice that: legend goes below the pros cons essay figure; a period follows Figure 1 and the legend itself; Figure is not abbreviated ; the measured variable is labelled on the Y axis. In most cases units are given here as well (see next example); the categorical variable (habitat) is labelled on the X axis, and each category is designated; a second categorical variable (year) within habitat has been designated by different bar fill color . Sociological Paper. The bar colors must be defined in a key , located wherever there is a convenient space within the graph. error bars are included, extending +1 SD or SEM above the mean. In The Essay. statistical differences may be indicated by a system of letters above the bars, with an accompanying note in the caption indicating the test and the significance level used.

the completeness of the sociological research paper legend, which in research paper builder, this case requires over 3 lines just to sociological research, describe the treatments used and variable measured. axis labels, with units; treatment group (pH) levels specified on X axis; error bars and group sample sizes accompany each bar, and each of these is well-defined in legend; statistical differences in this case are indicated by lines drawn over the bars, and in the times of the, the statistical test and significance level are identified in the legend. Frequency histograms (also called frequency distributions) are bar-type graphs that show how the measured individuals are distributed along an axis of the measured variable. Research. Frequency (the Y axis) can be absolute (i.e. number of counts) or relative (i.e. percent or proportion of the pros essay sample.) A familiar example would be a histogram of exam scores, showing the number of students who achieved each possible score. Frequency histograms are important in describing populations, e.g. size and age distributions. Notice several things about this example: the Y axis includes a clear indication (%) that relative frequencies are used. (Some examples of an absolute frequencies: Number of stems, Number of birds observed) the measured variable (X axis) has been divided into categories (bins) of research, appropriate width to visualize the population size distribution. In this case, bins of in the of the essay, 1 m broke the research paper population into research paper 17 columns of varying heights. Setting the sociological paper bin size at 0.5 m would have yielded too many columns with low frequencies in cons vegetarianism essay, each, making it diffcult to visualize a pattern. Conversely, setting the bin size too large (2-3 m) would have yielded too few columns, again obscuring the underlying pattern.

A rule of thumb is to start with a number of bins that is equal to paper, the square root of the cma resume largest value in your data set(s) to be plotted. the sociological research paper values labeled on the X axis are the bin centers ; in this example, bin 10 m contains values that range from 9.50 -10.49 m. sample size is in the times essay, clearly indicated, either in research paper, the legend (as in pros vegetarianism essay, this case) or in research paper, the body of the graph itself; the Y axis includes numbered and minor ticks to allow easy determination of bar values. These are plots of X,Y coordinates showing each individual's or sample's score on two variables. When plotting data this way we are usually interested in knowing whether the two variables show a relationship, i.e. Pros Vegetarianism. do they change in value together in a consistent way? Note in this example that: each axis is labeled (including units where appropriate) and includes numbered and minor ticks to allow easy determination of the values of plotted points; sample size is included in the legend or the body of the graph; if the data have been analyzed statistically and a relationship between the variables exists, it may be indicated by plotting the regression line on the graph, and by giving the sociological research equation of the regression and its statistical significance in good belonging, the legend or body of the research paper figure; the range of creative writing ideas belonging, each axis has been carefully selected to sociological research, maximize the spread of the points and to minimize wasted blank space where no points fall. For instance, the X axis is truncated below 50 g because no plants smaller than 52 g were measured. The ranges selected also result in labeled ticks that are easy to read (50, 100, 150#133;, rather than 48, 96, 144#133;) Which variable goes on the X axis?

When one variable is clearly dependent upon if i were, another (e.g. height depends on age, but it is hard to imagine age depending on height), the convention is to plot the dependent variable on the Y axis and the independent variable on the X axis . Sometimes there is no clear independent variable (e.g. length vs. width of leaves: does width depend on width, or vice-versa?) In these cases it makes no difference which variable is on sociological, which axis; the variables are inter -dependent, and an X,Y plot of these shows the relationship BETWEEN them (rather than the effect of one upon the other.) In the example plotted above, we can imagine that seed production might depend on plant biomass, but it is hard to see how biomass could depend directly on cma resume, seed production, so we choose biomass as the X axis. Alternatively, the relationship might be indirect: both seed production and plant biomass might depend on some other, unmeasured variable. Our choice of axes to sociological, demonstrate correlation does not necessarily imply causation . Line graphs plot a series of related values that depict a change in good writing, Y as a function of X. Paper. Two common examples are a growth curve for cma resume, an individual or population over time, and a dose-response curve showing effects of increasing doses of sociological research paper, a drug or treatment. When to connect the dots? If each point in the series is help college admissions essay, obtained from the same source and is dependent on the previous values (e.g. a plot of a baby's weight over the course of a year, or of sociological research paper, muscle strength on successive contractions as a muscle fatigues), then the points should be connected by a line in a dot-to-dot fashion.

If, however, the series represents independent measurements of a variable to show a trend (e.g. mean price of computer memory over time; a standard curve of writing belonging, optical density vs. solute concentration), then the research paper trend or relationship can be modeled by calculating the best-fit line or curve by regression analysis ( see A Painless Guide to Statistics ) Do not connect the dots when the measurements were made independently. In this example notice: a different symbol is used for each group (species), and the key to a butterfly essay, the symbols is placed in sociological research, the body of the graph where space permits. Symbols are large enough to be easily recognizable in the final graph size; each point represents a mean value, and this is stated in the legend. Error bars are therefore plotted for if i a butterfly essay, each point and defined in the legend as well. because measurements were taken on independent groups for each species, the points are NOT connected dot-to-dot; instead a curve is fitted to the data to show the sociological research trend. Notice here that: this time the a butterfly essay dots ARE connected dot-to-dot within each treatment, because cumulative percent germination was measured within the same set of seeds each day, and thus is dependent on the measurements of the prior days; a different symbol is sociological, used for each treatment, and symbols are large enough (and connecting lines fine enough) so that all can be easily read at the final graph size; in addition to the key to symbols, two other kinds of if i a butterfly, helpful information are supplied in the body of the figure: the values of the highest and lowest final cumulative percents, and paper, a dashed line (baseline) showing the lowest cumulative % germination achieved. This baseline is defined in the legend. Some Other Types of Figures. Figure 9. Aerial photo of the study site ca. 1949 and in research paper, 1998 (inset) showing the regeneration of the sociological paper forest. Photos courtesy of the USDA Field Office, Auburn, Maine. Notice here that:

A photograph is a figure. Any photograph from cma resume, another source requires attribution in the legend. Photos must have sufficient resolution to reproduce well by standard photocopying.