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Assess the effects of mass media on popular culture. Extracts from this document. Assess the lecture notes and essays in astrophysics, effect of mass media on popular culture Popular culture is defined as social and cultural products that are there as a form of entertainment and for use by the mass culture, and are commonly short lived and acknowledged to hold little artistic value, such as movies or pop music. Com! Alternatively, high culture is something that is considered unique, and notes and essays, different to everyday life. For Teaching Writing To Adults! It is usually aimed at lecture notes in astrophysics iii the upper and middle class, and is commonly approved of by resume format the intellectual elite. Furthermore it usually takes place in environments that are significant in high class culture, such as the theatre. There are several different arguments as to and essays iii how the mass media has affected popular culture, for example Marxists argue that popular culture is the bourgeoisie's way of dumbing down the proletariat, and thus controlling them. By promoting the false ideologies that popular culture bases itself off, such as owning an iPod, the proletariat are distracted from the poor working conditions and the exploitation that they are facing. Furthermore, Marxists also argue that the or cv format, working class experience false class consciousness, meaning that they have come to believe that the capitalist system is lecture and essays iii, a fair one that can benefits everyone equally, because the lower class are also able to top fiction books obtain these false needs. . read more. However, postmodernists argue that the distinction between high culture and popular culture has now become blurred, due to the effects of globalisation, which they argue is beneficial due to it being primarily responsible for the diffusing of different lifestyles and cultures around the world, which in turn has created global hybrid styles un fashion, music etc. They argue that due to the advancement in technologies such as social networking, any culture is now available to anyone.
People no longer need to visit special places to access high culture, for example people can now download classic books for free, or purchase Arthouse films on DVD. It is debated that in iii the postmodernist global world pluralism and cultural diversity will eventually become the writing i love, global norm. Lecture! This shows that the mass media is in fact creating hybrid cultures, so it can be argued that in the near future pure popular culture may not even exist, instead it may form a hybrid with high culture, which more people will be able to relate to. Additionally, postmodernists also argue that the global media culture has increased consumer choice. . read more. Kellner (1999) claims that the global media culture is all about sameness, and the individuality of my expert writing some cultures is erased in notes and essays in astrophysics the process. However, post modernists disagree with this approach, they claim that the global media if s benefit for both developed and undeveloped societies because it offers wide range of choices and opportunities. They also argue that smaller cultures are not swallowed up by the global media, rather they adapt to it.
For example Bollywood films are produced by resume local film industry that is notes iii, organised around both Hollywood and Indian entertainment values. This suggests that the global media culture does not change cultures for the worst, but instead they adapt to top fiction books modern techniques so that they may express their values using modern technologies. In conclusion, it is clear that the mass media does have an effect on lecture and essays popular cultures; however it can be argued that they are not changed for the better. Instead local cultures are engulfed by Western (American) values, and in turn, eventually forget their own. Alfie West 10th September 2011 . read more. Writing - Why I Love! This student written piece of lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Media section.
Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related AS and essay for mrcog, A Level Media essays. Explain and briefly evaluate why high culture is lecture notes iii, seen as superior to low culture. For example, British and American pop music is everywhere. American and Indian films are popular internationally. Com! Thus, there is lecture and essays in astrophysics iii, no high culture or low culture. This is because Popular Culture theorists emphasise that the Audience is Active Mass and inglewood resume com, Low culture are both concepts that are based on the idea of a passive audience. Moral Panic and media folk devils. For instance, bank managers saw the programme's treatment of the 1977 budget in lecture notes and essays in astrophysics the very different light from resume, a group of shop stewards. * The Cultural Approach. This approach derives from the audience selection approach, but sees the influence of the media as being more powerful, over a long time, amp;quot;Any sociological explanation of the influence of the and essays, mass media needs to take into . This clearly suggests that it takes into consideration the social position of the writing, audience in its society.
The Medium Theory suggests that it is the 'symbolic environment of any communicative act.' Media impact individuals and in astrophysics, society. McLuhan's thesis (or the ideas creative to adults, medium theory) Marxist theory, and in particular its use in media analysis, is outmoded in a . Ian Nicholls Page 3 Ideologies disseminated within actual 'editorial' are apparent: representation of lecture iii groups in society, political opinions, and news selection are all things which can be analyzed in a Marxist way. For example, the Glasgow Media Group - a group of media studies academics at Glasgow University - have. amp;quot;Does the Mass Media Influence Youth Culture?amp;quot; 3 . . . Methodology In order to answer the question Does the mass media influence youth culture? it is essay, necessary for me to conduct a series of surveys concerning the mass media within the in astrophysics iii, culture I am studying, to gather evidence that is vital for me to top fiction prove - or indeed disprove - my hypotheses. pain [No pain], no pain [No pain] No gain [No gain] There was an old lady sittin' under a tree She called me over and she said to notes iii me My days left here may not be long I wouldn't waste my time tellin' you nothin' wrong But love is a. Assess the short essay question, postmodernist views of the mass media. More importantly, PM ignore concerns over concentration of media ownership and ideological function hyper-reality may perform. Marxists suggest the RC may create the hyper-reality to reinforce their ideology, whereas Feminists suggest some aspects of hyper-reality, particularly games like GTA, reinforce patriarchy and misogyny. How Media, Advertising and Celebrity Culture Affects Female Body Image. and asked to choose one representing her perception of lecture notes in astrophysics her own body size and one representing her ideal body size.
Out of 25 of my female college peers asked to resume choose out of the lecture and essays in astrophysics iii, nine silhouettes on the scale, many appeared to top fiction exaggerate their perception of their own body shape. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and download the lecture notes and essays, PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Looking for expert help with your Sociology work?
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Proven method to run Home Based Business and generate an unlimited amount of Income, Work Part time, full time. Great Earn from Home Business Opportunity. The Timeless Business Classic by lecture and essays iii, George Haylings is Now Available for the First Time Ever for Immediate Download. Now Yours for question for mrcog, the Asking! Live life as a paid vacation with this proven roadmap to notes and essays success. I am an unusual man with an creative writing to adults unusual lifetime project. someone who has had a great influence on his customers over the years. Notes? I am not writing about short essay question working a - venture for a year or two. I am writing about a SUCCESS I have had for ALL OF MY LIFE! In this letter I want to in astrophysics iii tell you about a permanent life style and profits that I have had from the age of top fiction, 20 to the age of 71. If you are interested in notes in astrophysics this kind of security . for all of your remaining years, read on? I am not going to tell you the my expert writing, same old story that most plan sellers tell.
You know, the kind where there are bills piling up, the family is practically starving, the notes, breadwinner has experienced his tenth layoff. BUT. the unfortunate one had a magic idea that changed all of this overnight! Well, I don't have that kind of sad story, with a surprise quick-rich ending. True, I started out short essay question for mrcog during the notes and essays in astrophysics, greatest depression this country has ever known, but things have gone well ever since! The intriguing, profitable, enjoyable venture stayed with me through my single, young, bachelor days, then into my married life, my family years, and finally my golden senior citizen years. A lot of plans are humbug, sad to say. These deals sometime can make one a few dollars, or some profits for a short time, but they aren't LASTING. For me, it has been different. My LIFETIME experience has ALWAYS been profitable! I can't offer a sorry tale for my start. I was too young to short for mrcog have such thoughts or woes.
True, in the beginning I was living in lecture notes and essays iii a tent and on for teaching creative two bucks a week, but I was fairly happy, content with the outdoor California life. I was young and not very worried about anything. I had no responsibilities. I was single. Notes And Essays? I got by and gradually eased myself out of the situation. Events followed. It was an easy change, even during the terrible depression. I was successful from the or cv format, very start!
Up until that time I had never had a job and lecture and essays, my future would not include any bosses. I was nineteen, almost twenty, when I arrived in California. Once I tested my idea I seemed to short essay for mrcog jump right into lecture and essays iii the project and stayed with it for the rest of my life. Writing? I don't have any unhappy tales of lecture, struggling, or any failures to recount. Or Cv Format? I was practically an inexperienced kid when I started and now I am doing EXACTLY THE SAME THING as a 71 year old senior citizen! I am a professor in the Pepperdine University School of Business and and essays, Management.
I have often shared your publications with students when I discuss small business ventures- several of them have taken your ideas into profitable businesses. -Richard Reirdan, Van Nuys, CA. I guess at - why this stage of the letter I don't have to lecture in astrophysics iii tell you that my lifetime experience has been most unusual and most profitable. and probably the only instance of its kind in the world! The Most Stable Business Opportunity Ever ! As an opportunity seeker, this success story can be of vital interest to you. I tested the format, the idea, a certain kind of mailorder, while living in or cv format a tent during the big depression. This is probably the only mailorder home operation in the world with such a lifetime experience for lecture and essays in astrophysics iii, the same individual!
At the start I didn't have any money. In fact I sold my car for my expert writing, $200 and lived on that $200 for two whole years. And Essays In Astrophysics Iii? $1.50 for food and $.50 for the charging of resume or cv format, my battery radio. per week. And Essays In Astrophysics Iii? My education was average and naturally I didn't have much experience in anything. I was a depression kid, camping out. This was way back in the early 1930's. No one was living in writing the Pacific Palisades (Calif.) in notes in astrophysics iii those days and this was the resume com, spot I picked for my camping-out experience. It was an abandoned subdivision then, with weed-filled streets.
Yet it was really a kind of paradise, near the beautiful Pacific Ocean. Today, our President and many movie stars have found the place. In those days the only inhabitants were blocks of wild poppies, growing everywhere. There I was, living in a tent. I had some ideas but no capital. But I did have an Aunt Emily in England, who was corresponding with me.
She knew I was broke so she slipped in a few pound notes with a letter. The pound was worth $5 in those days. My ideas revolved around an unusual enterprise. A test was necessary because it was mailorder. And Essays In Astrophysics Iii? The pound notes were exchanged for dollars and my expert, financed the test ad. And Essays Iii? It was a success and eventually my parents lent me a few more bucks and I was off and running. for the rest of my life! It was raining. It rained for three weeks. The tent was dark and lit in the daytime with a kerosene lantern.
And here I gave birth to the plan that would give me homework for the rest of my life! I wrote it all down, had the brief test I mentioned. Later, when I started in short question for mrcog earnest, I jumped from the and essays in astrophysics, $2 a week to $100 a week. and right in for teaching writing to adults the middle of the in astrophysics iii, Depression! The average wage then in California was $25 a week. Wages were lower in question for mrcog California. Back east in Detroit even my Dad was only earning $40 a week as a skilled toolmaker at Packard Motors. and later he was unemployed for several years! Achieve Your Financial Freedom. Most of notes iii, this letter is essay writing i love my school going to be about my experiences with a lifetime, home operated, mailorder business. But let me pause here and tell you that we probably share a common interest. I have achieved complete financial freedom and permanent security throughout my entire life. I am enjoying the book tremendously, hypnotic reading that a person has to.
keep on reading because it's so interesting, just can't seem to lecture and essays stop. Leon Misiolek, Costa Mesa, CA. YOU certainly want to short for mrcog have this kind of notes in astrophysics iii, enviable happiness throughout your lifetime. And why shouldn't my experience be of great help to others. Short Essay Question For Mrcog? YOU, for instance, who are reading this letter. As you go through my story you will discover that it is quite possible that you can experience this unbelievable lifetime success! *Publishers Note: George liked the notes in astrophysics iii, term homework but he meant working from home. My Expert? We have preserved the title in his honor. It was a fabulous life, cavorting with the movie stars, living in a winter desert paradise, while the notes in astrophysics, rest of the country was freezing.
I could look straight up from the desert floor and resume com, view the snow covered top of 10,000 foot San Jacinto Keep in mind that everything in and essays this letter. and in the book A Lifetime of top fiction books, Homework. is not crystal ball promises. I am writing about my whole lifetime of mailorder success! A Depression and Recession-Proof Business Blueprint! Through times of notes, depression, war, deflation, recession, inflation, my little enterprise sailed along. The waters were rough, indeed. My Expert Writing? During my 48 years of created homework there has ALWAYS been something, it seems, for the U.S.A. to worry about. Notes And Essays In Astrophysics Iii? Still, George plodded ahead, without a worry.
And why not. he started this crazy venture right in the middle of the greatest depression ever known. The big, big one, that lasted from 1929 to resume or cv 1942. and only ending then because it was replaced by four years of war! “Although I haven’t gone though it cover to cover, I have already spotted some. business ideas I can use it’s a really great business book to notes iii own.” Grifakel Printing Svc’s, New York , NY. From 16 to 18 I knew enough about the set-up to - why i love have started then, and did dabble a bit at that early age. But, I had to finish school first and then came the Depression. But that didn't stop me from thinking more about the idea, and so it later tested well at the age of 20, worked out well at 23, did exceedingly well from age 24 to lecture notes 30. Top Fiction Books? After the notes and essays iii, war, at 34, I started again in a larger way and from 35 to 71 it got better and better! I never grew tired of the plan and I never looked back!
Building a Business from an Idea. From an or cv inexperienced young fellow to an experienced, mature senior citizen, I found it not at all difficult to operate, to keep things running smoothly. And Essays In Astrophysics? Surely, you, dear reader, as an interested ambitious person, should fit in SOMEWHERE along the profit trail, experience-wise, ability-wise. Your material has been of great value to me in format establishing. a profitable business -Dr. James Stoneman, Elkton, OR.
You might say that I started in my spare time but I also continued it as a spare time enterprise, most of the time, for and essays, the rest of my life! I can't give you the inglewood, line other publishers use. such as. I started in notes in astrophysics my spare time, gradually expanded, then quit my job and went full time. I never had a job to start with. I started in a modest way, spare time, and really never changed much from that time on. My Expert Writing? I always had a lot of free time and my profits depended on how lazy I was at the time. Still, it was always a nice living. I lived well as a bachelor, as a married man with two boys, as a senior citizen with three Labradors! A Fast Start for in astrophysics, Anyone Who Tries.
No one ever came to short my home, my mountain cabin, my house trailer, my apartment, my beach house, my motel room, my lake house. Nor did I ever have to go anywhere to sell. Notes In Astrophysics? I wouldn't call it a get rich quick scheme, even though I did jump from nothing to a lot of resume, money over lecture in astrophysics the years. It was a fast start, I'll grant you. I had my afternoons free, and my expert writing, a lot of whole days free of lecture notes and essays, any task, because I had a different kind of short question, mailorder and I knew the in astrophysics iii, necessary tricks to keep it going no matter where I was located, in resorts or back home. It was the start of a happy-go-lucky life that was to follow. Inglewood Resume Com? Even after I grew older, settled down, got married, had two sons, I still made sure I took off for fun times.
I was the Company Clerk, the Morning Report Clerk (shades of M*A*S*H*). So, I had my own office and spare time to continue some parts of the notes in astrophysics, project. When I was discharged, it was back to the same plan, only in - why my school a much bigger way, with bigger profits. Lecture Notes In Astrophysics Iii? I now had a wife. Because of the housing shortage and rental shortage after the war, I couldn't find a place. We had to get a motel on the beach in San Clemente, California and there we operated our mailorder venture for about a year before finding a house in Carlsbad. After the war it was a pleasant life, taking off on little vacations with my two sons, to or cv the mountains, the lecture and essays iii, desert, the lakes and streams and rapids and waterfalls. There were canyons, hiking trails, sand dunes to explore. Horseback riding, boating, mountain climbing, driving the dune buggy over fire trails in books the summer, in the mountains, and over the sand dunes in the desert, in the winter.
And there were trips to Las Vegas, Reno, Lake Tahoe. My wife went along on those luxury trips. Another favorite spot was the Mammoth Lake region, 9000 feet high. Yes, I have had a long track record. 48 years can add up to a lifetime and lecture, it can add up to a lot of money. Even a comfortable living over such a vast number of years can total many millions of dollars. and a sense of ideas to adults, permanency and security that was worth a whole lot more! A lifetime of lecture and essays iii, success is kind of amazing when you stop and ideas, think about it! It means. never to have to worry about money, never to have to worry about a lot of notes and essays, things. I have read and inglewood com, re-read your book and it is truly a treasure. - Donald O. Hayen, MD, Oceanside, CA.
A lifetime of financial stability means that the kids will be raised properly, and lecture notes and essays, that they will have more companionship, more close togetherness. It means that the health of the family will be better, it means that retirement will be active, or lazy, earlier or later, whatever one desires. A steady flow of money for essay writing - why i love, a lifetime can wipe out most problems! My plan is strictly mailorder, although one can use small ads, or no ads. I'll tell you more about the lecture notes in astrophysics, plan.
What it is and what it is not. elsewhere in this letter. You'll never leave home, and books, you can live anywhere. You'll never waste two hours or more on the freeways, going back and forth to a job. Lecture And Essays? These hours will be your leisure hours, for morning coffee breaks or early evening happy hours at home. If you take over com where I will leave off (I am retiring) you will have different ideas for your personal life style, I am sure. You might want a house on the Mississippi River in notes and essays iii the summer time, and a cabin on the Colorado River in the winter time. You'll have a motorboat that you can take up these rivers for ideas to adults, a hundred miles, visiting other towns. Sounds crazy, I know. Maybe this wouldn't appeal to you. There are a lot of great things out there in and essays in astrophysics your lifetime, waiting to be enjoyed.
But you have to have security and money to essay writing - why my school take a chance and go for these crazy things! Have Plenty of Time for What's Most. Important in Your Life. I have a hobby of going out on lecture in astrophysics location with Movie and books, TV companies. and making movies of them. making movies. Lecture Notes? It is tough getting in on a location. They can keep you out with studio police and hired state troopers. and they do. Because of my unusual mailorder project I found I could get into those restricted location areas. For some strange reason I was welcomed by my expert, the Movie and lecture and essays iii, TV people. So I was able to creative writing to adults develop a nice hobby with my little 8 mm movie camera.
My magic enterprise made me especially welcome, yet I had nothing to do with the notes iii, Movie or TV industry. It was just an outside hobby with me, a fun thing to hang around and watch and shoot pictures. I had the free time to do it, for resume, several days at a time! As a possible operator of a similar mailorder project, you probably won't be interested in my unique hobby, but you too may use your extra happy hours for other hobbies and activities. I point out all of this in order to show you the lecture notes and essays iii, fringe benefits available in this lifetime enterprise. I did a lot of unusual things (perhaps to resume or cv format the average guy with his nose to the grindstone) but they were really enjoyable activities. More people should have SPECIAL activities of this kind. Your New Gateway to the Good Life. Yes, I have been a happy man during all of the notes in astrophysics iii, years I have been working this mailorder game.
I'll have to admit that at times I have taken it easy. I've actually been semi-retired all of short question for mrcog, my life, really. I remember one chap here in town, back in 1962 when I temporarily retired, saying . Haylings retired Heck, he's always been retired! I passed up a lot of lecture, wealth but I enjoyed the outdoors a lot, the deserts, mountains, lakes, wilderness. I took it easy. The project was kind to me in writing i love my school allowing me to fool around like this for a lifetime! This Book Is Required Reading for lecture and essays iii, Anyone Serious About Success.
No one should even think about short essay question going into a home operated business before reading A Lifetime of Homework. Notes And Essays? If you are to stay in business, you must have this book. Practically all new businesses fail during the first 3 to 5 years. The rest of them have to short essay question for mrcog struggle, to constantly change, turn around, scramble, search for new products, look for new locations or new partners, retool, revamp, switch to a new line, abandon old markets, sell out to new owners, merge, etc. Having a system, a plan, that will keep you in the same field and market for a lifetime, is certainly going to be a revelation that'll be worth a fortune to some business starters! Having a secret plan that will guarantee a lifetime of security and permanence is really something unheard of in this crazy, changeable world! All of the secrets and methods are in this volume, together with photos, pictures, samples, illustrations. I have taken you into my heart, my home, my business.
Have opened up and lecture notes, revealed everything! I am probably giving you something that has never been given before and essay i love, I am giving you permission to use all of the data in lecture and essays the volume. This is unheard of. I am going to practically give you your starting inventory . Or tell you where you will get it in the future. free inventory that you can use! If you do start in inglewood with my project eventually, you'll find people look at lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii you with new respect and admiration, particularly the women, when they know what you are doing. As a man I can only resume or cv format, tell you that this has been my experience. Notes And Essays Iii? Yet, what you sell will really go to about 75% men and 25% women.
Strangely enough you will probably take on a new appeal with the women (if you are a man). The same might work for the woman operator. She might get admiration from the men. Your status in the community, at parties, social gatherings, will improve 100%. Yet your enterprise will be entirely separate from your social life and have no connection whatsoever. You may now be saying. Well, this sounds interesting because I don't like my work and resume or cv, I don't get any respect. This could be a way to bring admiration into your life. People have shown a new interest in me when they knew what I was doing.
Usually they expressed amazement. I found younger women looking me over and listening to my every word . Lecture Notes? all because of my unique occupation, which was nice. Many of my customers have given me repeat orders over a period of many, many years. I don't know of another home enterprise that has this record of customer loyalty! I probably have built up the most dedicated following in the whole world. I have been called a legend in his own time. by a few. Generally, over books my working lifetime, I have kept a low profile. I would like to lecture and essays add my praise to that of others. Your philosophy of life and your. success in living according to for teaching writing those tenets is an inspiration to your readers -William Stucki, Manchester, MI.
I think that this mail order enterprise would allow you, too, to be a fun-loving person with an unusual life style. Notes? Who knows what your future could be, with a mailorder business that can be operated anywhere and with a track record of being operable for ideas creative to adults, a whole lifetime! Your future with your family could change. With more companionship from Dad, the lecture in astrophysics iii, kids might grow up without getting into trouble. Mine did. They both went to college.
Neither smokes or was particularly interested in drinking. Neither went into drugs and neither has been in trouble with the ideas creative to adults, police or had any serious car accidents. A few speeding tickets in their teens, yes. Doesn't that sound like my business and life style paid off? I say that it was this home enterprise that gave the family its smooth sailing.
And it can be your life style, too. There are troubled times ahead. Many of the notes, unemployed will never get their old jobs back. Overseas markets are taking away jobs. This is just the beginning. We haven't seen anything yet! Layoffs could increase. You'll never make a fortune or have any kind of lifetime security with a job, or even with an ORDINARY business, believe me.
Family income has been falling behind during the last 10 years. The economy is on a roller coaster. Economists believe it will shift from inflation to creative to adults recession to inflation . Lecture In Astrophysics? a constant shifting back and forth over the years. I know that my book A Lifetime of Homework could convince you that you can have a real measure of lifetime security, you can have a buffer against the constant coming and going of troubled cycles. For the inglewood com, average family it is a life where the breadwinner can never really breathe a sigh of relief, or truly feel safe and secure. Notes And Essays? And this sad, uneasy feeling can go on for a lifetime! I went through such times, probably WORSE times, way back in the 1930'S. In a way I sometimes felt a bit guilty . Ideas For Teaching To Adults? living in the prettiest parts of the U.S.A . having so few worries. Reading the lecture notes and essays in astrophysics, newspapers during the Depression told me about the unemployment, the books, cold waves back East, the hunger and lecture in astrophysics iii, misery, the foreclosing on short homes.
It was a bad news time. It all made me realize how fortunate and unusual my life really was. Imagine yourself being in my shoes. Having a project that never stopped making money! I quit wondering many years ago just when it would stop. I even retired once in 1962, but got back in again and lecture notes in astrophysics iii, now I am on the verge of inglewood resume com, retiring.
This time it has to be for real. Everything You Need to Succeed. Wouldn't you like to be the notes and essays iii, owner of writing - why i love my school, such a mailorder set-up? I've been telling you a lot about ME. now we should start thinking about YOU. If you are going into and essays in astrophysics business you should have a business where you don't have to concern yourself with change, or passing fancies, trends, fads, jaded customers. But, where can you find such an enterprise? No business will stand the test of a lifetime. There just aren't any around. Businesses fail, move, change lines, sell out, close because of death. Ideas Writing? New owners can come and go. A lifetime business in mailorder is unheard of.
No dealer has run his ads for notes in astrophysics iii, 48 years non-stop. No mailorder man has used the same format, same ads, advertising material, same unit or product, same service, for a LIFETIME. Resume Com? So, I am unique, I guess. It does sound like I am guilty of boasting or exaggeration, but there is no other way that I can tell it. I am stuck with a lifetime of success and lecture notes and essays iii, I am now retiring and giving the treasure away, so to inglewood com speak. That is it. Lecture In Astrophysics Iii? I debated on just retiring with my secrets intact. I also considered the inglewood, selling of and essays iii, them in book form. And I thought about essay question for mrcog selling my business and lecture notes in astrophysics, secrets outright to ONE party.
From this literature you can see which direction I took. Resume Or Cv Format? It was quite a decision to make. A whole lot of lecture notes in astrophysics iii, soul-searching. But, I won't give the volume A Lifetime of writing, Homework away. for peanuts. It is too valuable.
It means too much to me. And Essays Iii? Seeing that it is to be a limited printing, and will probably cost me $20,000 or more to bring this run out, I do want to - why i love get my money back. So I am willing to share my secrets, but I am not being magnificent in notes and essays in astrophysics this offer. True, I'm sort of ideas for teaching writing to adults, following the policy I have always used in notes in astrophysics iii my business life. Give a lot and inglewood resume, make it the best. Lecture In Astrophysics? But there are other reasons for my not being selfish and just retiring and resume, keeping the secret to notes and essays in astrophysics my grave. Yes, the ideas could have been sold as a business to one person for a lot of inglewood resume, money. It could have been sold at a series of seminars, or through private consultation for several hundred dollars, per person. The reasons?
First, I am finally retiring. Who needs more business and more money at this stage? It is to be a limited printing. Second, I am really doing it for lecture and essays in astrophysics iii, my ego. The old guy wants a BOOK. a nice looking book, a LARGE impressive volume, that I can show to my friends and relatives, my sons. My Expert Writing? Something I can leave behind as a record of my life's achievements. And last. Notes Iii? something that I can pass on to my readers, some of whom will carry on with the same format. The money from the short question for mrcog, book sales will be quick and soon spent, but I will have done myself some good and some of iii, my readers some good. *Publishers Note: This incredible book is now being offered in ebook format for immediate download because we know George would want it to resume format be available to as many people as possible in lecture notes these difficult economic times . I spent a few hours last night at the beginning of the writing, book and lecture notes and essays, I want to tell you how much I appreciate your efforts, your honesty, and your willingness to inglewood tell HOW you did it. Notes And Essays In Astrophysics? You answered several questions I have had.. and filled in spots I needed to fill in.
Everyone boasts how their book tells all but YOU TELL ALL, and you. tell HOW to do it; the others don't!? -Paul Kampf, Oklahoma City, OK. You too may follow me along the same path and contribute to your customers and society in the same meaningful way. And so it will go on. Some of you will be carrying on with the plan. after I am dead. for another lifetime! I know nothing can hold you back if you have the right idea, the right successful business plan, but it mustn't be a spoon-fed plan. I want the reader to add his own imagination to what I have already done. You don't HAVE to do that. but I want you to do so. to make the format even better during the next 48 years! And anyone can do just that if they make the effort. My plan has a way of ideas creative to adults, stimulating the mind, the notes in astrophysics iii, imagination, the short essay for mrcog, hidden creativity, in the average man.
You'll be surprised when you see it doing the same for you! A Timeless Success Blueprint : Step-by-Step! When you open the package and are confronted with the fat volume -A Lifetime of Homework (and get a quick glimpse at the lifetime $100,000 secrets therein) you may just exclaim (or think) hey ? I didn't get ripped-off - Haylings did! I recently purchased your fabulous book, A Lifetime of Homework? and and essays in astrophysics, consider it to my expert writing be a masterpiece ? just great! You have convinced me while reading your book. you have the notes and essays in astrophysics, solution to top fiction my problem. -George Krug, College Park, MD. You will be getting a beautiful success blueprint, my very private secrets, that have worked successfully from 1935 to the present.
It has been an endless lifetime venture! A profit march through depressions, wars, unemployment and inflation. A secret that has given me a rich life and stability for 48 years. my whole working life. My modest fee for this volume wouldn't get you in the doors of a seminar where you wouldn't learn 1/10th as much. I think you are getting a once-in-a-lifetime BARGAIN! Let my information surprise you. Don't wait for something else to come along. Lecture Notes In Astrophysics Iii? Forget about the few bucks I am asking.
You'll find ways to spend that amount on restaurant meals, snacks, shows, cars, and a thousand other things that we all seem to spend money on. Nice tasty things, frivolous things, luxury things, but nothing that you can build a future on. Skip one or two. It might mean a long road ahead of happiness . and it is your life up ahead. Consider just how much a man with my background could ask per hour for consultation: $100, $200, $1000 for a complete session? Information doesn't come cheap if it is valuable information based on SUCCESS and not unproven theory. Consider what the resume format, going price would be for a ready-made, established business. Would it be $50,000, $75,000, $100,000? Your local broker would tell you that it could be any of those figures.
There have been 48 years that have gone by without any complaints. This is hard to lecture in astrophysics believe but it is based on actual factual data. I have really had a good record with the Post Office, the Better Business Bureau, and the Chamber of or cv, Commerce. I can't quote these people, as they try to remain neutral, but you know I wouldn't still be around after a lifetime of customer relations, if my record wasn't a good one. I have been a fan of yours for more than 30 years! -Harold Elder, President, Save Our World Foundation. Now we come to the guarantee. Anyone reading my fabulous success volume and still wanting a refund is not on notes in astrophysics the right track! This is one time, in my opinion, that the customer will NOT be right! I have given refunds for a lifetime, long before most firms gave them, but I feel different about this final book. I feel strongly about this book and the good in it.
I don't need your money as much as you may need this volume. I can say that at my age and get away with it I hope. So, please don't waste your time, or mine either (I don't have that much left) if you really aren't sincere. If you are just a curiosity seeker, forget me, and good luck elsewhere. If you are disgruntled with life in general, I am sorry. I got to you too late. There will be no crazy, begging guarantees in this brochure.
I don't want to essay question for mrcog hold your check for 30 days or offer some other wild guarantee. However, as usual, I will make refunds for 60 days. Notes Iii? I'll depend on the fairmindedness of my readers. Essay My School? I have always left it up to them. Publisher's Note: We have kept George's original guarantee intact, you get the lecture and essays iii, same protection. The Ultimate Work from Home Formula.
The plan and concept is amusing, interesting, corny, exciting, unusual, clean, respectable, ethical, precious. The book will show you, the resume or cv format, reader, how to notes and essays in astrophysics iii make something into a saleable unit that you can sell for the rest of your life. and some of the my expert, time it'll cost you nothing, but a small amount of time, to make the change to something valuable and extremely saleable. Even if you occasionally do a sloppy job, that isn't perfect by any means (I did, at times), you will still be giving your customers full value. I can see no reason why the project will not be around for another 48 years. In the book I am taking the reader along the same path I took, step-by-step, showing how it all works so easily. Notes And Essays Iii? The fortunate reader is shown how he can follow the simple outlines and instructions. I can't promise success, such as I have enjoyed, but you never know what will happen in resume or cv format your particular instance. I was lazy, so some of you are going to do a whole lot better, in my judgment, but you won't beat my endurance record of operating for a lifetime. Lecture In Astrophysics Iii? How can you beat that, unless you live longer?
You'll have others doing a lot of the resume, work for you in this plan. And you can have your wife, and even the kids, at times, to help out, if you wish. Notes Iii? Because it is mailorder at home, viewing TV while you work, it can be pleasant. The trick, however, is to have a plan that will make a living for a lifetime. at home! If you have that secret then there is no happier way to work. It is or cv a quiet, silent project and so the neighbors won't be bothered. You'll control your resources and product.
You'll even have someone else pay for part of your advertising (three quarters of the yearly total). Paying money for someone else's moneymaking knowledge. particularly when it is based on a lifetime of lecture and essays, success with one project. is money invested well. I have a strong feeling that nothing else you will ever buy will return so much! Skepticism is my expert not a healthy attitude. It is negative and my wife doesn't like negative thoughts or negative people. I have to watch it around her. One can pay dearly for notes, his skepticism if he passes up a good offer.
Sure, there are bad ones but even the bad ones can have a few good ideas in them. Inglewood? But be ready for that really good one. I think you are now reading about such a plan. Everything you said, works! -Joe Huisinga, Denison, IA. Anyway, I want happy readers. Notes? I am too old to top fiction books play games. Lecture And Essays In Astrophysics? I want appreciation and thanks. Or Cv? Strangely enough, for the few that are hard to please, there is another way in my book for these people to come out of this, smelling like a rose!
There are other parts that allow one to reverse all of this and end up with a possible success. In Astrophysics Iii? Kind of a built-in insurance policy. No one has ever gotten any tricks out of me and resume or cv format, I have been among honest value before some of you were born and before most of you finished school. At 71, I am not about to change and go in for a lot of stupid nonsense. So forget about rip-offs. And Essays Iii? Think happy, and positive! It just could be that destiny led you to this unusual volume. A Lifetime of Homework.
I am heading for retirement, regardless of whether you trust me and resume or cv format, my book, or not. Here Are Some Advance Letters Of Praise: Dear Mr. Haylings: Believe it or not, I developed the lecture in astrophysics, ideas into essay question a $50,000 net profit. I am flabbergasted by my success. We expect an absolute avalanche with this idea. Notes And Essays In Astrophysics? For all of those who have inquired about your publication and to my expert its value, I strongly urge them to make note of notes, my success. T.A., Virginia. You really do come up with some brilliant ideas. You must be a millionaire by my expert, now. R.K.J., Mississippi.
Dear George: If you are ever in Norway, we have a cottage in the country that you are quite welcome to use.D.A. Fyllongsdalen, Bergen, Norway. Dear Mr. Lecture Notes In Astrophysics Iii? Haylings: I stayed up and read until 3:30 A.M. and my wife couldn't believe it. Books? I just wanted you to know how very much I appreciate people like yourself. If you are ever in in astrophysics iii my town, please call on us.
Our house is your house. R.I.H., California. George: I love it! Looks like I am in business. God bless you. B.S., Oregon. My volume is new so I am not going to dwell on testimonials. My own record of 48 years in business with one successful enterprise is testimonial enough. Here are some typical letters from the writing, customers of my lifetime project: Dear George: I feel like I've known you long enough to call you by your first name. I've been buying from you since the 1930's.
That's a long time, huh? I was in notes Ohio then but later came to California. Or Cv? If Haylings has anything new, I want it. I know I'll get my money's worth. Sincerely, Joseph G.M., California. Dear Mr. Notes And Essays In Astrophysics? Haylings: Recently our home was broken into essay writing - why i love and believe it or not, the thieves actually stole some of lecture notes in astrophysics, your items that were all over 20 years old. Is there any way these can be replaced? Roger M.L., Georgia. I just devoured its contents and enjoyed very much reading about inglewood resume your 48 years of Homework in this interesting business.
N.P., Canada. I don't often find myself writing a letter to an opportunity newsletter. And Essays Iii? However, I felt that you and your newsletter deserved a special effort. DH, Indiana. Dear George: I love you. I don't even know you and books, I love you. Thank you for opening up your life and sharing with us your knowledge and your expertise. MD. No-Obstacles Business System. Does my experience, since 1932 - 1985, mean anything?
Does the knowledge I have picked up during 48 years mean anything? Does the fact that I have discovered a no-obstacle system mean anything? Well, you get it all rolled up into a neat package, complete. It is almost like serving you success on a silver platter. Lecture Notes And Essays In Astrophysics Iii? I'm not, of course. I can't promise that, but it sure seems darn close, to me. I think it is one of the last ways to make a fortune or a steady income for a lifetime. I am giving the works. holding nothing back. Everything has been proven, which is putting it mildly.
48 years of success is really proving it, I would say. You put all kinds of treasures in your book which I appreciate very much. There were some nights that I read well past midnight even though I had to get up at for teaching 6AM to go to work. - Phyllis Dutchak, Toronto, Ontario. Things, I am sure, I would never have told in lecture notes in astrophysics the past. Now it is the end of the trail for resume, me . so why not?
Still successful to the very end. And Essays? many of writing, you are to inherit a good part of this lifetime success! It is ironic that George talks about lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii how he flourished during the Great Depression. Creative To Adults? Our current recession is being spoken of as the most serious recession since that time. It seems particularly appropriate that we release A Lifetime of Homework at this time - to help people like you liberate yourself from the low paying job that holds you back. If you don't have a job because of the lecture notes and essays in astrophysics, recession, it will give you relief in the form of a low cost business venture that you can parlay into a fortune, with a little bit of work and a whole lot of short question for mrcog, fun! In the last seven years I have ordered every book ever written on mailorder.. I think it is the best ever written.. none can compare to yours. You know, people argued with George that he should change the notes and essays in astrophysics iii, title of his book to something that talks more about how little he actually worked , something like A Lifetime of Leisure. Short Question? But he wasn't having any of it. In modern times the term homework makes people think of school homework, and lecture notes and essays in astrophysics, all of the negative connotations that term carries with it.
Who wants homework? No one! But what George meant by homework was running a highly profitable business from the comfort of your own home, and com, enjoying all of the benefits of notes and essays in astrophysics iii, working for my expert, yourself. Work from Home a Little, Play. This book is for you if you have ever wanted to:
I recently bought your ebook and I love it! My whole attitude toward my business changed the first night of reading the lecture notes and essays iii, material. I put some of your concepts into action the short question, first week and now after three weeks am already receiving very positive results. - Wendell J.D. Lecture Notes And Essays? Houston, Houston ,TX. A Lifetime of Homework is now available for the first time ever in Ebook format! That's right, you don't have to wait days or weeks for question, the post office to deliver it to you.
You can get started right away with a digital download. Here are just some of the numerous benefits you will receive when you download your copy today: The benefit of the lecture notes and essays, wisdom of a 48+ year business success. A roadmap for resume format, creating a business that will support your lifestyle. Specific ideas you can implement today to start making money. A business that will work online of offline, or both!
Tested, proven strategies for and essays in astrophysics iii, building a huge customer base. George's unique philosophy for dealing with customers so they keep buying, year after year after year! A business that your family members can help with and do in your spare time. A guide for transitioning from your current job, to my expert your new life of leisure. I started and never put it down again until early the next morning when I finished it. I am re-reading and re-reading it ever since. your methods and ideas? are. indeed the best and most encouraging practical guide I have ever come across.
This is indeed classical workmanship This wonderful book, now as a digital ebook for instant download, is fully guaranteed, so you have nothing to lecture notes iii lose, and resume, everything to lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii gain. Our download servers are always up and running, so you can download your copy and get started now, even if it's 3 o'clock in the morning! There are so many ebook on the Internet teaching people how. This book is different in that it outlines a way to create a mail order business that will last you a lifetime, if that's what you want. It also contains selective Business Opportunities picked by Mr. Haylings. No other how-to business ebook on the Internet can make that claim! Is George's ebook GUARANTEED? George was never flashy, and neither are we.
We believe in a fair deal. None of that limited time offer or only ideas, 50 at this price garbage that so many ebook marketers try to get you to believe. You won't see the and essays, price crossed out four times with our rock-bottom price with this mail order business plan. The information in short a Lifetime of Homework is very valuable, and we won't give it away for free, but you will get a fair deal. So when you order, you will get all 256 pages of a Lifetime of notes in astrophysics, Homework with all of its business philosophy, business plans, projects specifics, and George's promise of a life time of working from home, enjoyably. And we want you to have the right tools an attitude and mindset for success, so we are including the following bonuses as our way of saying thank you: Three BONUS Ebooks with Every Download of. A Lifetime of Homework Don't think that we know-it-all.
A collection of mailorder success stories from Japan will open your eyes! These Japanese mailorder operators aren't satisfied with $100,000. I Love? They go for a million bucks! New, exclusive, overseas mailorder discoveries, unique local businesses. A powerful array of proven successes! From Tokyo to and essays Hong Kong to Rome to Paris to Berlin to writing London! Think Grow Rich: This book has become one of the all-time best selling books ranking right up there with The Bible! Napoleon Hill became one of the most sought after speakers in the world. He also became very wealthy, all because he made a sixty second decision. This book should be in everyone's library to read over and over again during various times of lecture and essays iii, one's life, for my expert, the wisdom shared is truly timeless. The First Complete Money Making Kit: While Haylings had a PRIVATE WINNER ALL TO HIMSELF UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT, HE STILL FOUND IT STIMULATING TO LOCATE OTHER OPPORTUNITY PLANS.
It was sort of a hobby with him. Most of the material he collected was discarded in fact boxes of lecture and essays iii, information were thrown out! If it wasn't a true story and hadn't made a lot of money, it wasn't kept. Mr. Ideas Creative? Haylings looked at just about every moneymaking opportunity there ever was and now the best of them has been set aside and placed in notes and essays in astrophysics the 128 page book called “The Complete money making Kit. These are little-known, unique, exciting enterprises. They are so good that you can pass them on to your relatives, your wife, your grown sons or daughters.
They'll thank you for the valuable information. who knows it could bring in many bushels of dollars. ?I have already read your book, but like it so much and consider it so valuable. that I am ordering another just in case one gets lost. You have given. thousands of people around the world a dream to com hold onto? ? Grant ?Ed? Hoffman, St. Paul, Minnesota. Secure Your Future by Securing Your Copy of George Hayling's. A Lifetime of HomeWork today for a guaranteed lowest price of $77! I bought your book, a Lifetime of Homework.
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new style cv writing This page explains how to write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of lecture iii your work experience and essay, education, used for job applications.
A resume (properly written as resumé) is an and essays in astrophysics American English term for a CV. A covering letter is a letter sent with your CV which explains details about essay writing my school, your application to a particular company. A reference is a formal letter to an employer, from somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the and essays in astrophysics iii, layout of my CV? There are many ways to design a CV. This section gives an my expert writing example. Print your CV on good quality white paper. The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on in astrophysics the top, bottom, left and inglewood, right).
A good font size to use is iii 12 (or 10 if you want to put more information on your CV). The document should use only resume one font style, for example Times New Roman. Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words. Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of lecture notes in astrophysics iii your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to resume or cv, keep the CV on notes and essays iii one side of paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications.
Keep your sentences short and simple. A typical section order is: There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in your own country). Include the full postcode in your address. Make sure that you will be able to creative writing to adults, collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the lecture notes, owner to forward letters to you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to leave a message for you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the number of the telephone at your accommodation. Resume Or Cv Format. The telephone number should start with the area code, written in lecture notes and essays iii, brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an my expert writing answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day.
If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii your CV. Write your e-mail address next to my expert writing, your telephone number, and check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the notes and essays in astrophysics iii, right-hand column, provide information about each of your job roles. Start by writing the essay, name of the company (in bold) and its location. On the next line you might give a brief description of what the company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points)
Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in lecture in astrophysics iii, the job for which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop. Remember that the essay - why, person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii, the dates.
For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the short, month followed by and essays in astrophysics iii the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the name of the my expert, school or university on notes and essays in astrophysics iii one line, followed by further details (the course name or the number of exam subjects passed) on essay writing the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in and essays in astrophysics, this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to my expert, a post-graduate school or college, put the name of this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in lecture and essays iii, the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is clear. If the resume, university is one of the top universities in lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii, your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it).
State the name of the ideas, town and country after the lecture notes and essays iii, university's name. In the description, put the name of the main subject studied (try to avoid using the words major or minor, which are used in American English). My Expert. If you studied English, the lecture notes and essays, subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the British university grade system is or cv probably different from that in notes in astrophysics iii, your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of question for mrcog about 15 and 18, but not before this age. You should add the label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the words High School in the name. If you took exams in a wide range of subjects, you may prefer to lecture notes in astrophysics iii, list only the number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in top fiction books, the UK, you may want to and essays, include details of this course.
If so, write this in a line under the main table. For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs)
An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to top fiction, drive for the job) Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for information. The exact list of in astrophysics personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and what the short essay for mrcog, job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of lecture notes in astrophysics birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese. You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by a description of the writing my school, status implied by the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by lecture in astrophysics iii a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests.
As you have come to resume com, the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at notes, an interview. Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. If you do need to my expert, give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to notes and essays in astrophysics, provide comments in English, and give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT.
Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. · Advised the main shop's customers about organic and health foods. · Developed new business in short for mrcog, smaller satellite stores, explaining the lecture notes and essays iii, benefits of supplements and organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the main and top fiction books, the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to expand the business by establishing a new shop.
· Examined incoming mail and notes in astrophysics, redirected this to inglewood resume com, the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and and essays in astrophysics iii, procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of resume Word and notes in astrophysics, Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in top fiction books, Japanese; practical knowledge of English and and essays iii, Korean. If you are sending an application directly to writing, a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). Notes. There is an ideas for teaching creative to adults example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the lecture iii, potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally.
You may want to mention the level of essay i love your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. Lecture Iii. If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail. If you give the telephone number of my expert your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and lecture notes in astrophysics, you should check if they have an answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to essay writing my school, apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in Loot Recruit on 2 August. Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in and essays iii, an organic food shop in Japan.
This has given me experience of dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of food retailing. My Expert Writing. I have been living in London since last September, and and essays iii, am currently studying English at writing - why, a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the lecture and essays in astrophysics, Cambridge First Certificate in English exam). My fluency in Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an enthusiastic worker, and resume format, enjoy working in a team.
My student visa entitles me to work up to lecture in astrophysics iii, 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the inglewood, opportunity to discuss the lecture in astrophysics, job vacancy with you on my expert the telephone or at an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the and essays, spell-checker on the computer (set the language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have. If sending your application by post, send it by or cv first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in in astrophysics, the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the i love my school, company and ask when you can expect to hear from them.
If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for lecture notes in astrophysics, applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is inglewood com often the case that people are invited for lecture and essays iii, an interview for only a small number of the resume or cv, jobs to in astrophysics, which they apply. Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the resume or cv, quality of your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview.
Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.
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6 Action Words That Make Your Resume Rock. This article is lecture notes and essays in astrophysics, part of a series called How to to adults Write a Resume. To start this series from the beginning, read the lecture in astrophysics iii introduction. Top Fiction! It#8217;s time to activate your resume with some action words. Action words, or verbs, ignite an otherwise dull resume by setting your skills on fire giving your credentials authority and power.
Verbs are important to include on your resume since they show hiring managers what actions you#8217;ve taken in previous jobs. Notes And Essays! You#8217;re being hired to DO something so show what you#8217;ve DONE in the past by preceding your skills and experiences with action verbs! Finding the right verbs for your resume is also key to standing out above the competition and landing a job interview. It#8217;s easy to question find the lecture notes and essays iii right verbs to make your resume rock. Start by inglewood com, taking your desired job description and highlight the 6 verbs that best reflect what you offer a prospective employer. Depending on the job description and your experience, you may find 3 or you may 30. The point is to identify the actions employers value and match them to your qualifications. The idea is to and essays iii tailor your resume and cover letter to the position. Question! For example, below is and essays iii, a sample job description for an administrative assistant containing 6 highlighted action verbs. If you#8217;ve applied to several jobs within the same area, you may notice the same verbs are repeatedly requested in ideas for teaching creative, your job descriptions.
So be sure to use these verbs in your resume to capture the lecture notes and essays in astrophysics attention of hiring managers. Essay For Mrcog! A word of lecture and essays in astrophysics, caution though, using too many verbs can lead to buzzword overkill and short essay, harm, rather than help your chances of landing a job interview. No hiring manager likes a resume saturated with lots of action and little substance. When I#8217;ve been on hiring teams, I#8217;ve been know to yell, #8220;bingo#8221; when too many matchy words are buzzing in a job application. So choose your action verbs with care by starting with 6 and going from notes and essays, there. If you#8217;re having difficulty seeing how the verbs in a job description match your skills, try using the Make Your Match Worksheet to help activate your resume.
Using Action Verbs on Your Resume. You#8217;ve found some verbs, now put them into action. The idea is to precede your skills and accomplishments with a verb, and hopefully end each statement with concise facts and figures. For example, let#8217;s look at a job description for a software developer. I#8217;ve highlighted the 6 verbs that match the applicant#8217;s skills best. Now let#8217;s get these 6 action verbs working for top fiction books us in resume format! Here#8217;s how: Coded a web-based shopping cart supporting 3200 customers using C#.NET. Programmed web-based applications using object oriented methods for 5 years.
Wrote database layer for an online shopping cart using stored procedures in lecture notes and essays, SQL Server 2008. Built custom web-based applications to process credit card and essay i love my school, financial data to meet customer requirements. Iii! Designed a three tier object oriented architecture using web services. Developed industry leading high-transaction financial software using over 5 years experience in top fiction, C#.NET, web services, SQL Server, AJAX, and object oriented methods. Resume action words make it easy to add fire to your facts and make your skills sizzle. Download Your List of Resume Action Words. If you#8217;re challenged to lecture notes in astrophysics iii find verbs to match your skills, download this list to get your resume rocking! Got additional rocking resume words to add? Feel free to share in the comments below! Well written. Short Essay Question For Mrcog! Thank you for lecture notes and essays the resume help, I need it!
Great post. I#8217;m glad you#8217;re back #128578; Great points! I love action words as a recruiting trainer, I always tell recruiters to use them in their job posts as well. I remember my very first resume, I was a #8216;facilitator of business communications#8217; (I answered the question for mrcog phones) and a #8216;perforator of documentation (I punched holes in notes in astrophysics iii, paper to store them. That#8217;s back when things were actually recorded ON paper#8230;imagine that! #128578; ). Data points, Barbara. Yes, active is inglewood resume com, definitely better than the passive in lecture in astrophysics iii, this case! Thanks for all this great information. Great post well done. I am updating my resume again #128578; Every post you have, I know there#8217;s something else to or cv format change! Great post again.
Thanks for doing a software developer example, as I am one! Not to be nit-picky, because I think this is and essays, a very good asset and good advice to any prospective employee, but I just want to point something out: In no way are #8220;coding,#8221; #8220;scheduling,#8221; or #8220;building#8221; verbs. Format! They are, in English, participles. The beginnings of participial phrases such as, #8220;Building a computer is hard work.#8221; #8220;Building a computer#8221; is the lecture notes in astrophysics iii participial phrase and works as the subject of the writing - why my school sentence, whereas #8220;is#8221; is the lecture and essays verb. Sorry for being so particular about this. Good advice either way. Thanks for resume or cv format the article!
I myself am a software developer looking for work. #128578; I have seen a lot of people use good action verbs#8230; but then I realize they don#8217;t match up very well with the and essays iii job they are applying for. So I am glad you pointed that out #128512; Great post. The list is genuinely useful. I#8217;m doing a CV workshop soon with some interns who we#8217;ll be helping get jobs in the not too distant future. I#8217;ll be sure to top fiction books use this. Keep up the good work! Thank you very much ! Very useful for a french guy like me. Actually I#8217;m trying to write my first resume in english and this post is very useful for me.
It#8217;s #8220;object oriented#8221; not #8220;object orientated in#8221;: * Developed industry leading high-transaction financial software using over notes and essays in astrophysics, 5 years experience in C#.NET, web services, SQL Server, AJAX, and object orientated methods. @Martin Thanks for the bug report. #128521; That#8217;s great! Your choice of words can either make or break your resume. I#8217;m going to have to dust off my resume and format, check my phrasing. My problem with resume#8217;s and interviews is that I hate talking about notes in astrophysics iii myself but it looks like I might be in the job market soon. Your resume articles are a great resource. Thanks for your tip. I#8217;m a freelancer. Inglewood Resume Com! I should put action words into my portfolio too. Lecture Notes In Astrophysics Iii! #128521; Excellent! I#8217;ll have to rewrite my resume now#8230;!
It#8217;s a good way to get you going if you find it hard to essay i love get started. All you have to lecture and essays in astrophysics do is pick up your keywords and expand it with specifics, stay away from vague details. Inglewood Resume! When you could, keep your resume in one page, hiring managers don#8217;t have all day so it#8217;s important that you have killer summary and don#8217;t add objective this is obsolete. thanks for this! Although I am not looking for a job, it is always a good idea to keep your resume up to notes iii date. I will be reviewing my resume, and inglewood com, keeping the six action word in mind. Very useful.
Thanks a lot. Lecture Notes In Astrophysics Iii! I love this information. Got the my expert writing resume pretty well set, but you said in the cover letter info to include the name of the hiring manager and to NEVER address as #8220;To Whom It May Concern#8221;#8230;ok..so what if you are applying online, and you have no clue who the lecture in astrophysics hiring manager is?? How do you address the person to whome you are sending the cover letter? Can you put #8220;enthusiasm#8221; or #8220;helpfulness#8221; as some of your skills under the #8220;Relevant Skills#8221; section on your resume, and then use action words to describe how these skills have been utilized and strengthened? I used to my expert put those skills under my skills section (without using action words), and now when I am rewriting my resume, I was wondering if I can still do so. Also, what if you are still actively involved in and essays iii, a volunteer organization, and you perform certain tasks that would be useful to mention under a specific skill category would you use present or past tense for the action words? It sounds kind of strange to shift from present to past tense#8230; so I figured I would ask you for some advice! Thank you so much, Very good tips, I#8217;ll definitely modify my Resume accordingly. I#8217;m looking to or cv format submit a few soon for a new position.
Excellent. THANK YOU !! James Russell says. Great post – Thank a lot. I am updating my resume again! Kathy Saunders says. Great Article, was able to lecture notes in astrophysics iii update my resume, much appreciated.
I just improved my how profession certification section with new verbs instead of just saying #8220;completed tnaoap microsoft excel certification#8221; over and over again. Thanks! 5 Steps to creative writing open a Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP) 6 Ways an interest rate hike affects your finances. Lecture Notes In Astrophysics Iii! Kerry speaks and writes personal finance. Learn More.
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Lecture notes and essays in …
Cola Wars: Coca Cola vs. Pepsi Cola. The Cola war is often considered a recursive and messy one, due to its complexities and difference in management and and essays iii marketing strategies. This current paper examines the case study of Coca Cola and Pepsi cola wars along the following parameters: Review of question, strategic issues presented in the case, application of Pearce and and essays in astrophysics Robinson strategic management model with its 11, an books analysis of the case from theoretical framework and discussion of implications of the case for middle managers in both the soft drink cola giant companies. The management strategy rivalry between Coca-Cola and Pepsi Cola soft drink companies is more than several centuries old. Both these global bottlers have been battling it out to dominate the global soft drinks market. Notes And Essays. The companies have been successful in varied market settings despite introduction of top fiction books, smaller soft drink manufacturers (Case Centre, 2015). And Essays. This current research paper will study the backgrounds of these two beverages giants, their business models, goals and writing i love objectives, positioning in the market in relation to lecture notes in astrophysics iii, competition, and resume format key strategies, both short and long term. It is vital to note that non- carbonated soft drinks are gaining popularity, and the author of this report will attempt to explore the steps both Coca-Cola and PepsiCo have taken to emulate this, retain and increase their share of the soft drinks market. Further, this paper will examine one specific case filed against Coca-Cola Company by their bottlers and the possible implications of the case.
The reasons for sales dipping after a steady performance for almost a century will be checked and also how strategies are an important management function and how correct strategizing can lead the organization to greater revenues and growth. Key Words: Strategic Management, Bottlers, Competition, Strategies, Market Share and Business Environment. Research Background of the Cola Wars. Over the years, the rivalry between Coca cola and Pepsi Cola has presented varied management strategies that continue to develop a stunning case study for and essays iii, management and marketing experts due to the nature of innovativeness and aggressive strategies utilized by both the companies. Pepsi, for instance has suffered bankruptcy twice but continues to create enormous efforts to stay afloat and keep its rival competitor coca cola on toes. As of November 2013, Pepsi was the fourth largest food and beverage company. Both Coca Cola and Pepsi Cola have created differentiated brand images with global recognition while their rivalry remains openly evident. My Expert. Below is a summarized outline of the cola wars. Between the years 1910 t0 1930 Pepsi Cola suffered two bankruptcies but recuperates and stays in the soft drink industry spreading its market share to a new phase (Tiffany, 1981). Both the companies also changed owners between this years. Lecture. To save itself from copies Coca Cola designed one of their most famous bottles in 1916.
During this time also Coca Cola expands market share into new continents with Pepsi investing heavily in media in a bid to solidify their relationship with customers, this especially after World War II. Between 1938 and 1950 coke acquired Minute Maid and thus expanding its portfolio. On the com, other hand Pepsi was actively involved in campaigns and obtains a huge market share. The real battle began in the 70s when the, $74 billion U.S soft drink industry consumption began declining and other soft drink companies began emerging. Notes And Essays. Pepsi and resume com Coca Cola began investing in the diet drink market. It is during this period that Pepsi acquired Mountain Dew and entered a merger with Frito Lay gaining much power and opening new branches in lecture and essays Japan and Easter Europe. In the meantime, media investment on advertisement by Coca Cola were more consumer oriented, showcasing a drinks related to fun, a good time and top fiction friends. This was sequenced by numerous campaign strategies by both companies. In most cases, Pepsi seemed to be attacking Coke as an inferior soft drink and this made Coca Cola to respond in a similar fashion. 1975, saw one of the most successful campaigns for Pepsi Cola. Two unbranded mugs were presented to lecture notes in astrophysics, people for testing and or cv identify which one they preferred and it emerged that more people acknowledged Pepsi as a better drink.
This campaign gave Pepsi a competitive advantage at in astrophysics, the expense of Coke. Roberto Goizueta, Coca Cola’s new CEO in 1981, developed the my expert, diet coke which immediately gained a lot of market recognition. However, his strategy failed in lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii 1985 when they decided to create a New Coke which failed to impress the market. During the 90s, Pepsi also launched one of its most prolific management strategy named Drink Pepsi, Get Stuff. Consumers drinking Pepsi were awarded Pepsi points which could be redeemed for any Pepsi Merchandise among other identified goods. It is during this time, that Pepsi outshined Coke in sales at the Atlanta Olympics, with tens of millions of cola drinkers participating.
Since the 90s, the war of the Colas has continued to gain newer approaches with different stories being written in new markets and brand acquisitions. This has been achieved through merges and differentiated concepts. While Coca Cola generally thrives on the concept of Live Positively, Pepsi is often considered a “New Generation”. With the CSD sales in the U.S. decreasing from the 2000s, Coke began having operational problems and Pepsi focused more on non-carbonated beverages and snacks. The cola segment still dominated the top fiction books, soft beverages market, but sales dropped.
The market share of cola drinks declined from notes in astrophysics iii, 71% in 1990 to 55% in 2009. Review of essay i love, Strategic Issues Presented in the Cola Wars Case. Modern top managers ought to have top knowledge in managing internal activities of their firm and also a gist to examine and control challenges posed by notes and essays in astrophysics, the unpredictable external environment. The mentioned external environment encompasses competition for books, market share, suppliers, competition for resources, government regulations and the volatility of the market structure (Pope, 1999). Other remote external environment factors include political environment, social environment, first changing technological advancements.
All this conditions should be assessed and incorporated in both the short term and lecture the long term decision making process of a firm’s management strategy. Over the last few decades, there have been various strategic management strategies implemented by both Coke and my school Pepsi (Tiffany, 1981). The primary objectives behind the strategies were to increase growth and revenue and ultimately the brand value. Further, these management strategies aimed at giving either company a competitive advantage. Lecture And Essays In Astrophysics Iii. For instance, the coke brand is ingrained in question cola drinkers’ minds and this is the reason why Coke enjoys a superior brand value. When people want a cola drink, the top of the mind recall is coke. Coke is lecture and essays more easily available and fast food chains like McDonald’s, Subway and Nando’s sell coke, whereas Pepsi is resume or cv format predominantly available in “Kentucky Fried chicken”, KFC. Between the years of 1976 to 1978, the notes and essays iii, growth rate of writing my school, Coca Cola had declined by 13%. In the and essays, meantime, the market share of Pepsi was constantly increasing (Tiffany, 1981). This was attributed to the Pepsi Challenge of the inglewood, 70s that saw consumers taste two unbranded drinks with many preferring Pepsi over the other brand (this brand was obviously coca cola).
The other strategic development by Pepsi during the 70s was the introduction of the Pepsi Generation, which was a media campaign to invite more consumers to join the notes, Pepsi family. The real battles that led to the current Cole Fiasco began earlier. Coca Cola usually conducted its own tastes but their results were always similar. This picture changed greatly between 1970 and inglewood com 1980. During this time the number of exclusive Pepsi drinkers was on an increasingly steady rise while the number of exclusive coca cola drinkers was dropping at a significant rate. Coke opted for more marketing effort in a bid to convince for more clients. This pushed them to superior distribution, bidding for and essays in astrophysics, more shelf space and acquisition and distribution of more vending machines.
To complement this coke made more advertising efforts so as to reach more customers through the media. In this period, the management of Coca Cola conducted numerous test on format, the taste of their products and their implication on consumers on the long run. This made the firm to spend an and essays extra $4 million which was a huge part of their capital investment (Pope, 1999). However, only 55% of the research individual, 191, 000 approved that the new taste of Coke had a better taste when compared to the original coke as well as the Pepsi Taste at the moment. The biggest managerial blunder that coke ever made was introducing the new coke. This almost made the firm to for teaching, go under.
Over 500 calls a day with customer complaints were recorded. Most of the consumers had protests with the coke with another vast majority of consumers boycotting the and essays iii, product completely. It is vital at this point to note that coke had sacrificed their 99 year old coke with a new formulae. The management quickly realized their mistake and made an apology to the public and further bringing back the original taste with a classic bottle. This triggered sales. The real question to consider is top fiction books what exactly went wrong with coca cola during the new introduction of the new coke. Notes And Essays In Astrophysics. The proprietors of the research did not tell the research respondents that if they picked a single cola they lost the other. Short Essay Question For Mrcog. About 3 to 4 tasted were actually tasted by twenty thousand people. Further, only about 40, 000 respondents tried the new formulae that made the lecture notes, new coke. Essay I Love. The research, however, did not consider the feeling and and essays in astrophysics iii emotional ties that came with the research. Final conclusions also indicated that their might have been a herd instinct.
During this coke mess, Pepsi was gaining as international recognition and resume com thus heightening their competitive advantage. Pepsi began selling immensely in Brazil due to the hot weather and growing teen population in the country. It evident that the company had done significant market analysis before launching in Brazil. Lecture And Essays In Astrophysics. Consumption of soft drinks was dropping in writing i love the United States. Baesa Bottler was head to head with Goizuetta due to his Latin background and influence on the Argentine President. In Venezuela, an intrigue was made through the persuasion of Cisneros’s, the bottler. There were red carpet treatments involving all the specific interests made in the industry of hospitality. This was followed by frequent meetings to enhance strategy. However, Pepsi was generating over 70% of their revenues and profit from the U.S market with Coca Cola Generating 80% of the notes and essays iii, profits from overseas markets. This was especially due to the expansions that coke had made in gaining global recognition before their almost fall.
Pepsi vs. Cola Market Share. Later on, Coke experienced a tremendous fall in Europe due to the negative effects of their products on essay writing, children. This led of a recall of over 14 million products in lecture notes in astrophysics iii 5 countries. Coke was losing over $3.4 million dollars a single day due to this recalls and overhead costs on unsold products. Top Fiction. One of and essays in astrophysics, their products, Bonaqua Water was recalled in Poland and inglewood com this gave coke and unneeded set back. Lecture And Essays. After this this crisis, coke came up with a management strategy to sort out the crisis. The company introduced apology advertisements in inglewood resume com a bid to appeal to the public and recover their reputation. This is an excerpt of one of their ads: To those people who suffered, especially the children, my colleagues and I want to express a very sincere apology” (Chairman M. Douglas Ivester). And Essays In Astrophysics Iii. Over 50 official including several top executives were positioned at top fiction books, the newly formed consumer hotline.
In Poland free beverages were introduced. Pepsi did not consider this a competitive move and did not nothing to lecture in astrophysics iii, counter attack. From this review we can derive the following deductions. While Coca Cola, the company has entirely been using its dominant position in the market to shut down and block competitors including rebates on faulty drinks, Pepsi had a different management strategy. Pepsi focused on observing market trends putting more concern on my school, health standards and lecture and essays in astrophysics introducing new products such as gourmet coffee since carbonated soft drinks no longer had a growth potential. Finally Pepsi opted for a differentiated positioning. Application of Pearce and Robinson Strategic Management Model with its 11 Steps and Framework Analysis. This model consists of eleven key components: (1) Company mission; (2) Internal analysis; (3) External environment; (4) Strategic analysis and choice; (5) Long-term objectives; (6) Generic and grand strategies; (7) Action plans and short-term objectives; (8) Functional tactics; (9) Policies that empower action; (10) Reengineering; and. (11) Strategic control and continuous improvement (Pearce Robinson, 1986). Essentially when top management is formulating business strategies, the firm ought to anticipate future expectations. The initial step in creating a strategic direction which the business ought to ideas creative, follow it making organizational goals with the future in mind.
This process must involve alignment of the entire organization to these goals. In this regard, the various stakeholders will reach an notes and essays in astrophysics iii agreement and formulate firm goals for short question for mrcog, the future (Pearce Robinson, 1986). Primary goals must be linked to and essays iii, the core business of the inglewood resume, organization. Related supportive goals will hence be derived from these core goals that the notes and essays in astrophysics, business has put in place. It is from this that the my expert, organization obtains their vision and mission. Further, social responsibility should be a vital consideration for notes and essays iii, the decision makers. The company must sustain the society that keeps it in the market. These statement are usually written and top fiction books very clear for the said companies.
The concentrate manufacturers, PepsiCo and lecture notes and essays iii Coca-Cola have employed this strategy to improve their flagging sales and bottom line. Strategic decisions like this often demand a long term commitment from the organization. The positive changes foreseen while formulating the for mrcog, strategy cannot be expected to happen overnight, and the organization must stick to its commitment to ensure that the lecture iii, new strategy has a chance to succeed. For Teaching To Adults. Altering strategies too often creates uncertainty in the employees and may also impact the consumers and market. Strategic decisions are usually based on the long term objectives of the lecture notes and essays in astrophysics, organization (Pearce Robinson, 2010). Formulating, simultaneous assessment of the writing, external environment on a regular basis and the profile of the lecture and essays, organization will allow the policy makers to realize a range of possibilities and responsive opportunities for future investments (Pearce Robinson, 1986). Essay - Why My School. Another critical analysis also involves internal analysis of the strengths of the employees, financial capabilities and other internal factors. These must however, follow the following specific identification criteria; The current and notes iii future mission and vision of the organization Ethics of the books, organization Norms and values of the organization Policies with non- negotiable qualities. The major change that has taken place prompting such decisions has been the emergence and in astrophysics iii consolidation of the retail industry. In the discount stores like Wal-Mart and Target, a lot of shelf space has been taken over by food items.
About 50% of the Wal-Mart’s revenues are linked to top fiction books, the sales of food items and grocery. In the case of Target, food and lecture iii grocery account for 16%. In the inglewood, U.S, Wal-Mart sales contribute to 19% of PepsiCo’s revenues. And Essays Iii. These giant retailers require and demand better service from essay - why i love my school, both Coca-Cola and PepsiCo in terms of notes and essays in astrophysics iii, flexibility, product innovation and speed of delivery. When implementing the creative to adults, strategy, a specific hierarchy of plans must be identified. This includes all the short term and long term plans in that sequence (Geldenhuys, Naude Veldsman, 2003).
Parallel supportive plans must be aligned with the core of the business as earlier explained. Overall use of strategic resources and management of resources. The plans will include executive plans, operational plans and iii divisional plans to ensure the core business strategy of the business are institutionalized. The resources required would of be in the form of; human resources, ICT, finances or infrastructure. The bottler’s production of CSD is falling, since customer preferences are changing. People are more health conscious today than earlier and CSDs with their high sugar content and caloric value are losing popularity. The production methods and capabilities required to manufacture a bottle or can of writing to adults, Coke or Pepsi are different from the other non-carbonated drinks which are growing in demand. These non CSD beverages are shifting the manufacturing from the bottlers to the manufacturers. Energy drinks, liquid tea and coffee, dairy based beverages and juices are high on the consumer’s demand list. The existing bottlers do not seem very keen to latch on to this new business segment, despite the CSD sales falling. Bottlers have not been able to lecture iii, capitalize on the higher revenues of finished goods like juices and other packaged nonalcoholic beverages.
Bottled water sales, which compensated for some of the loss due to declining CSD sales has also been slowing for the last few years and my expert writing this has compounded the bottler’s problems. Actions, Strategic Control and Continuous Improvements. It is evident that a crucial assessment of the notes and essays iii, external environment plus the internal environment, setting of the resume, objectives and identifying the goals, establishment of strategic initiatives are very crucial and in astrophysics significant steps in my expert effective and efficient strategy formulation. Several unprecedented situations may occur in either the internal or external environment or the profile of the organization. Lecture Notes. This will be picked and forwarded to functional managers for creation of remedial steps to match the operational plans. If the situations create a difficulty in actualizing the core business of the resume com, entity, they will be included in the core business as an extra inclusion depending on their importance (Galloway, 2010). They will be forwarded to strategic decision makers for analysis and consideration. In extreme cases strategy formulation is conducted annually and may be too slow to catch up with competition. The two organizations are in the soft drink business to earn revenue and ensure growth of the business.
The long term objectives, decision making process and implementation of plans are part of an organizations strategic management. In the case of both PepsiCo and Coca-Cola, the decision to acquire their bottlers operating in North America is a strategic decision, since their long term goals are dependent on it. PepsiCo’s strategic decision to focus more on their food and snacks business has paid off handsomely for the company, with the lecture and essays, majority of their revenue share coming from that division. Coca-Cola’s decision to supply directly to books, Wal-Mart’s was another such decision, since operations with Wal-Mart in the future would require such delivery. Implications of the Case for Middle Managers. In order to achieve any organization’s set of strategic policies, the communication process between the different levels of management should be clear and notes identifiable (Kruger Snyman, 2002). It is through these middle managers that the everyday life of the resume or cv format, organization thrives. Generally, middle managers are both supportive managers and superiors in lecture notes iii strategy implementation. Middle managers are actively involved in implementing the strategies formulated by senior managers.
They are the mediators between the strategies and the day to day working through the organization. They are best placed to identify opportunities and current challenges within the organization. The major distinguishing factor with middle managers is my expert not their sitting position in the organization’s management chart (Ahearne, Lam Kraus, 2013). What identifies them as crucial is lecture in astrophysics iii their access to the senior management coupled with their intense knowledge of the daily operations within the organization. These allows the managers to function as crucially mediators between the organization’s strategic plans and writing day-to-day operations within the organization.
Here is a list of middle managers roles: Strategy implementation Reinforcing strategy Facilitating adaptability Championing alternatives. Mediating is not only achieved through down warding implementing of the implementations from policy makers (Snyman Kruger, 2004). The strategy by Pepsi and Coke is more entrepreneurial and require intensive knowledge of the organization. The middle organizations are able to influence upward and downward, integrate policies horizontally and engaging in various activities. It is lecture and essays in astrophysics important for the managers to practice integration with divergence on an upward and downward basis. The managers need to implement and top fiction reinforce the strategies made by top management as an upward information synthesizing process (Ahearne, Lam Kraus, 2013). Lecture Notes In Astrophysics Iii. This integrative role ensure organizational performance.
The middle managers also act as facilitators of adaptability through organizing experiments with less implications to senior managers. Once the experiments are successful, the will be championed upwards. Companies like Pepsi and for teaching creative to adults Coke with innovative strategies require middle managers with roles of facilitating adaptability and championing alternatives. Ahearne, M., Lam, S., Kraus, F. (2013). Performance impact of middle managers’ adaptive strategy implementation: The role of social capital. Strat. Mgmt. J. , 35 (1), 68-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.2086. Galloway, D. (2010). Achieving accurate metrics using balanced scorecards and dashboards. Performance Improvement , 49 (7), 38-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pfi.20165.
Geldenhuys, C., Naude, L., Veldsman, T. (2003). An integrated strategic management model to lecture notes iii, navigate the establishment of transport authorities. Books. SA J. Hum. Resour. Manage.
1 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v1i1.1. Kruger, C., Snyman, M. Lecture And Essays In Astrophysics Iii. (2002). My Expert. Interdependency between strategic management and the formulation of an information and communication technology strategy. S Afr J Inf Manag , 4 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajim.v4i2.160. Pearce, J., Robinson, R. (1986). Corporate strategies . New York: McGraw-Hill. Pearce, J., Robinson, R., Pearce, J. (1991). Formulation, implementation, and control of competitive strategy . Homewood, IL: Irwin. Pope, D. (1981). The Cola Wars: The Story of the notes and essays in astrophysics iii, Global Corporate Battle between the Coca-Cola Company and Pepsico, Inc.
By J. C. Ideas For Teaching Creative. Louis and lecture notes and essays Harvey Z. Yazijian. New York, Everest House, 1980. Pp. 386. $15.95. Business History Review , 55 (04), 588-590. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3114792. Pope, D. (1999). The Cola Wars: The Story of the or cv, Global Corporate Battle Between the Coca-Cola Company and PepsiCo, Inc.
By J. C. Louis and Harvey Z. Yazijian. New York, Everest House, 1980. Notes And Essays. Pp. 386. $15.95. Business History Review , 55 (04), 588-590. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3114792. Riordan, E., Hollander, S., Germain, R. (1993). Was There a Pepsi Generation before Pepsi Discovered It.
Journal Of Marketing , 57 (4), 148? http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1252226. Rouleau, L., Balogun, J. Exploring Middle Managers’ Strategic Sensemaking Role in Practice. Inglewood Resume Com. SSRN Electronic Journal . http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1309585. Snyman, R., Kruger, C. (2004). The interdependency between strategic management and strategic knowledge management. J Of Knowledge Management , 8 (1), 5-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13673270410523871. Tiffany, P. (1981). The Cola Wars.
By J. C. Louis and Harvey Z. Yazijian. New York: Everest House, Publishers, 1980. Pp. 386. And Essays. $15.95. J. Eco. History , 41 (03), 708. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0022050700044740. Was there a Pepsi Generation before Pepsi discovered it?: youth-based segmentation in marketing. (1993).
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Lecture Notes and Essays in Astrophysics VOLUME III
kitty genovese essay All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. The bystander effect is a social psychological occurrence that refers to scenarios where individuals do not provide help during emergency cases to notes, the victim in the presence of my expert, other people. Conventionally, there is an inverse relationship between the notes in astrophysics, number of bystanders and the probability of help. This implies that the likelihood of receiving help reduces with an increase in the number of bystanders (Graham 102). The sheer presence of bystanders serves to top fiction, reduce the chances of intervention.
This is because an increase in bystanders reduces the likelihood of a bystander interpreting the emergency as a problem, which reduces the probability of a bystander assuming responsibility for initiating action to help. Similarly, observers in an emergency case are highly likely to intervene in the absence of other witnesses. In a chain of classical research studies, John Darley and Bibb Latane revealed that the amount of time a participant takes to initiate action and seek aid varies in accordance to the number of observers present in the room (Hudson and Bruckman 175). There are numerous explanations for notes in astrophysics the bystander effect, although social psychologists have placed emphasis on two leading explanations: social influence and diffusion of responsibility. Format? This paper discusses the lecture in astrophysics iii, psychology behind the bystander effects and its impacts on society and outlines the Darley and Latane’s theory and the experiments relating to the bystander effect. Darley and essay writing - why i love Latane’s Theory and lecture notes and essays in astrophysics Experiments about the writing i love, Bystander Effect.
John Darley and Bibb Latane were the first to demonstrate the bystander effects in 1968 after the murder case of Kitty Genovese in 1964 caught their attention. Darley and Latane conducted numerous experiments in an attempt to explain the psychology behind the bystander effect. The four dozen experiments conducted within 12 years yielded similar results. The experiments entailed placing a participant either alone or amidst other participants and then staging an emergency scenario (Miles, Klaus and Wolfgang 78). Darley and Latane measured the lecture notes and essays in astrophysics, time it took the participants to respond to essay writing i love, the emergency situation, and whether they or not they took intervention measures. The prevalent outcome of all the experiments was the presence of other participants inhibited the participants from helping, usually by a considerable margin.
In one experiment by lecture notes iii Darley and Latane, subjects were positioned in three different treatment conditions: alone in the room, with two confederates acting as if to be normal participants, and with other two participants. An emergency situation was staged by resume filling smoke in the room while participants were filling out lecture notes and essays iii, questionnaires. When the participants were alone in the room, 75 percent reported the essay writing - why, smoke. On the contrary, only 38 percent of participants in the room with two other individuals reported the and essays, emergency. In the top fiction books, case of the final group, the two confederates noted the smoke but ignored, leading to only 10 percent of the participants reporting the emergency (Miles, Klaus and Wolfgang 96). Numerous studies have attempted to explain the bystander effect, a 2008 study by Simon Crowther and Mark Levine reported that increasing the size of bystanders prevented intervention during situations of street violence, especially when the bystanders were strangers and encouraged help in notes and essays in astrophysics cases where the bystanders were friends (Levine and Crowther 1440).
The study concluded that when bystanders shared group-level psychological associations, the group size can either promote or prevent helping. There are numerous reasons associated with the failure of bystanders acting in emergency scenarios; however, social psychologists place emphasis on two primary factors: social influence and diffusion of responsibility. Graham (125) argues that the top fiction, fundamental principle of social influence asserts that bystanders usually assess the reactions of other individuals during an lecture notes and essays in astrophysics emergency scenario in order to determine whether intervention is required or not. Since other individuals present in the scene are doing nothing, they all maintain the view that inaction from other people implies that help is not needed. In addition, social influence perspective holds the view that there is the necessity to behave in for teaching to adults an appropriate and socially acceptable manner. Therefore, when other witnesses fail to lecture and essays in astrophysics iii, intervene, people usually perceive this as a signal that there is no need for help or that help is inappropriate (Meyers 104). Studies have reported that witnesses are less likely to respond if the scenario is ambiguous. For instance, in essay writing - why the murder case of Genovese Kitty, most of the 38 onlookers thought that the incident was a case involving lover’s quarrel, and did not comprehend that the victim was being killed. Social influence is analogous to the aspect of conformity, which refers to individuals acting in lecture iii accordance to attitudes, behaviors and beliefs of writing i love, group norms. According to the social proof phenomenon, individuals usually assume that the actions undertaken by others correspond to the correct behavior in a particular scenario.
Meyers (85) points out that social proof is a common occurrence in ambiguous circumstances where individuals are not capable of determining the appropriate behavior, and is mostly driven by the predisposition that surrounding individuals are more informed concerning the situation than the individual. The bystander effect is best explained in terms of the effects of social influence, which involves the tendency of individuals conforming to either mistaken or correct choices, a psychological phenomenon also known as herd behavior (Levine and lecture notes in astrophysics iii Crowther 1435). Despite the fact that social proof illustrates a rational motive to take into consideration the knowledge of others, formal analysis reveals that it leads to convergence of people towards a single choice in a manner that decisions made by large groups of people are based on limited information, which is the actual case of the bystander effect. In explaining bystander effect, social proof is viewed in the perspective of conformity, wherein an individual in essay question an emergency situation is likely to be unsure of the appropriate course of action; as a result, they often embark on other individuals for cues regarding the lecture notes in astrophysics, correct behavior. People usually conform because they believe that their understanding of the incident is less accurate than other individuals’ understanding of the same situation; therefore, they consider the actions of others as the ideas for teaching creative, most suitable course of action (Levine and Thompson 245). Darley and Latane use the diffusion of responsibility theory to explain the bystander effect, which asserts that the lecture notes and essays in astrophysics iii, presence of other observers reduces the pressure on individuals to respond to an emergency because of the thought of shared responsibility.
Fundamentally, a large group of people leads to the perception of reduces the ideas for teaching to adults, sense of individual responsibility to respond because it is shared by all the lecture, bystanders present. Diffusion of responsibility theory is used in essay question for mrcog the explanation of the bystander effect, wherein an and essays increased presence of onlookers leads to reduced probability of a victim receiving help during emergency situations. For instance, placing oneself in the contest of a large city in a rather busy street and a strange person falls to inglewood com, the ground and start suffering from convulsion and lecture iii seizure (Miles, Klaus and Wolfgang 145). It is evident that many observers will turn and look at the person, but no single person opts to help or call for medical aid. The primary explanation for this occurrence is because of the presence of many witnesses, which leads to my expert writing, no person feeling the pressure of individual responsibility. It is highly likely that other onlookers will think that their peers have already called for aid, or that their peers are not initiating any action implying that the emergency is not serious after all. The phenomenon of diffusion of responsibility tends to take place among group sizes above a particular critical size and in situations lacking the explicit assignment of responsibility. It seldom occurs when an individual is alone and lecture notes in astrophysics iii usually increases with increases in group size (Graham 85). Darley and Latane’s theory of diffusion of responsibility is well applicable in outsized groups under antisocial and pro-social conditions.
Under pro-social contexts, the willingness of the individual to respond or provide assistance to my expert writing, a person in need is notes in astrophysics repressed by the occurrence of other spectators. My Expert? The individual usually holds the belief that other witnesses present will offer assistance; therefore, an individual in an emergency situation does not recognize that he or she has the responsibility to respond. The case of the and essays in astrophysics iii, Murder of Kitty Genovese is a model exemplar of diffusion of responsibility in my expert a pro-social context. It has been proved that the probability of an in astrophysics individual providing help reduces with the increase in the number of writing - why i love my school, witnesses present. Notes In Astrophysics Iii? Further, there is a high probability that diffusion of responsibility is likely to take place in essay for mrcog anonymous situations.
Under pro-social circumstances, people are not likely to respond if they do not have some personal relationship with the victim; rather, they hold the perception that someone having a personal relationship with the victim will come to his/her aid. Under antisocial conditions, diffusion of responsibility increases the likelihood of a person engaging in negative behaviors when the individual is the context of a group comprising of similarly motivated people. And Essays In Astrophysics? Negative behavior is motivated by the deindividuating impacts, diffusion of short, feelings regarding personal responsibility for outcomes (Hudson and Bruckman 147). The helping behavior of individuals is accurately explained using the in astrophysics, aspect of diffusion of responsibility. This is because social psychological research have revealed that individual’s failure to provide assistance to others in for teaching to adults emergency situations is not grounded by apathy and indifference, but inhibited because of the presence of onlookers. Subsequent experiments by John Darley and Bibb Latane pointed out the decision to assist or respond relies on the number of present bystanders.
The size of the group had considerable influence on the probability of helping in cases of staged emergencies: 85 percent of participants intervened in the absence of other bystanders, whereas 62 percent responded when with another bystander, and only 31 percent responded in lecture iii the presence of four other onlookers. Other research studies have reported similar results including reports obtained from actual emergency scenarios like calling ambulance. In ambiguous scenarios, the my expert writing, appraisal of the scenario by the individual and corresponding inaction or action relies on the reactions of onlookers present. The interpretation of an emergency situation by other onlookers has a significant influence on the individual’s helping behavior and perception of the and essays iii, emergency scenario. One of the most significant aspects that Darlene and Latane did not take into account in their experiments was the presence of books, bystanders who lack the capability of helping. However, other studies have affirmed that diffusion of responsibility does not take place in cases where a bystander is perceived as lacking the capability to help. Lecture In Astrophysics Iii? Diffusion of responsibility is also helpful when viewed from the perspective of writing, group psychology and can be helpful in imposing positive behavior. For instance, when one bystander decides to take responsibility during emergency situations and undertakes an lecture in astrophysics iii assistive action, there is the likelihood that other bystanders will follow suit. My School? Therefore, the presence of other bystanders usually has an effect on the helping behavior of an individual through diffusion of responsibility and social influence (Graham 147).
There are other reasons that Darley and Latane do not take into account when explaining the bystander effect. Other reasons why people may not react in emergency situations include the assumption that other onlookers are extremely qualified to provide assistance in emergency conditions such as law enforcement officers and medical doctors; as a result, their assistance would not be required. Individuals are also faced with issues of experience evaluation apprehension and the fear of appearing as a loser among other onlookers. In addition, people do not like being superseded by other superior assistants, which creates a perception that they may be providing unnecessary assistance. Other factors that inhibit individuals from providing help include the fear of facing the legal outcomes and providing substandard and perhaps dangerous aid. A limitation of Darley and Latane’s explanation of the bystander effect is lecture iii that it only focuses on informational social influence and ignores other forms of or cv format, conformity such as normative social influence. Normative social influence usually takes place when an individual conforms in order to be accepted by a social group. According to the social impact theory, normative social influence increases with an notes in astrophysics iii enlargement in the group size. This can be used to challenge the top fiction, concept of bystander effect, wherein an individual can opt to provide assistance in order to be accepted. Similar, people may opt to follow the actions undertaken by an individual who is providing assistance in order to achieve social acceptance.
Another aspect of conformity not explained by Darley and Latane is minority influence, wherein an individual in a minority group aims at influencing the majority group to accept the beliefs and behavior of the lecture and essays iii, minority group (Hudson and Bruckman 100). Experiments conducted by Darley and Latane provided precise explanations for the bystander effect, a social psychological occurrence that refers to scenarios where individuals do not provide help during emergency cases to the victim in inglewood resume com the presence of other people. In Astrophysics? This paper has illustrated that the essay - why i love, bystander effect takes place through social influence and diffusion of responsibility, with the murder case of Genovese Kitty serving as a classical example of the bystander effect. Graham, Richards. In Astrophysics? Psychology: The Key Concepts. New York: Taylor Francis, 2009. Print. Hudson, James and my expert writing Amy Bruckman. “The Bystander Effect: A Lens for Understanding Patterns of lecture and essays iii, Participation.” Journal of the Learning Sciences 13.2 (2004): 165-195. Print. Levine, Mark and or cv Thompson, Kirstien. “Identity, Place, and Bystander Intervention: Social Categories and Helping After Natural Disasters.” Journal of in astrophysics, Social Psychology 144.3 (2004): 229–245. Print.
Levine, Mark and Simon Crowther. “The Responsive Bystander: How Social Group Membership and Group Size Can Encourage as Well as Inhibit Bystander Intervention.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 95.6 (2008): 1429–1439. Print. Meyers, David. Social Psychology. New York: McGraw- Hill, 2010.
Print. Miles, Hewstone, Jonas Klaus and Stroebe Wolfgang. Essay Writing - Why I Love? An Introduction to Social Psychology. New York: John Wiley Sons, 2012. Print. Nairne, James. Psychology.
New York: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.