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book resume chapter The Shack by William P. Young1. Summary by Stacey Tuttle. The Shack is australia a fictional story (although presented as truth) about a man, Mack, whose daughter is abducted and competition, presumably brutally murdered (though her death isn’t confirmed for years). Four years after Missy’s abduction, he receives a note from “Papa” (his wife’s name for essays God) asking Mack to competition meet him at the shack where evidence of his daughter’s murder was found. It is here where Mack has an australia, encounter with the vous essayez, triune Godhead through which he is able to come to peace about some of the australia essays, deeper questions that have plagued his life and faith, Missy’s death and his own painful childhood of abuse. This book was written for the author’s family without any original thought of publishing. And Literature? His wife and children would have known that Mack wasn’t real and would have seen the resemblances between the characters and themselves. Australia Essays? He originally intended to list himself and andy text, Mack as co-authors on the cover, but when a few copies got spread around to friends and he heard that people were wanting to fly to town just to australia essays discuss the events from the story with Mack and Willie, Willie decided to at least remove the co-authorship from the for persuasive essays, cover. Essays? There are deeply autobiographical elements in the story, but the story is itself fiction. Perhaps the best explanation for why he wrote the creative for persuasive, story is in the foreword where he states, “he wanted a narrative to help him express to [his family] not only the depth of essays his love, but also to help them understand what had been going on in his inside world.” You can go to the author’s webpage to learn more at

The foreword explains the history of the main character, Mack, which is critical to the actual story. Mack and his family were horribly abused by his drunken, church-going, religious father. At the age of 13, he put poison in proposal essays his father’s beer bottles, a note under his mother’s pillow asking her to forgive him, and ran away from home. He carries a lot of guilt for not helping protect his mother through the years of essays abuse and for killing his father, mixed with lingering anger, bitterness and resentment. The foreword presents this as a true story. Mack and Willie (the author) are apparently close friends and Willie goes into great detail describing their history of friendship and the personality and character of mas-ess Mack and his wife and kids. To further the impression that this is biographical, he states that Mack “asked if I would ghost write this story” and australia essays, comments, “What you are about to read is introductions for persuasive something that Mack and I have struggled with for many months to put into words.” However, he also has some disclaimers hidden in there as well. “Whether some parts of [the story] are actually true or not, I [Willie] won’t be the australia essays, judge…I confess to you that I desperately want everything … to be true.” Mack is home alone during an ice storm and goes to check the mail. He finds in it an envelope with his name on it, with no postage, no postmark, no return address. Inside the essay, message simply said: It’s been a while. I’ve missed you.

I’ll be at australia the shack next weekend if you want to get together. And Literature? Curious and angry about the mysterious letter, Mack was able to discover nothing of its origin but wondered if it was some cruel joke. Australia? Papa was his wife’s, Nan’s, favorite name for God. Mack falls asleep holding a picture of a little girl and hoping to avoid nightmares for once. On War Andy Rooney? Nan and the children return home, but Mack says nothing to them of the mysterious note. The back-story of The Great Sadness in Mack’s life, Missy’s disappearance, is revealed. Mack took the kids camping (Nan was unable to go) over australia, Labor Day weekend. Missy, who was 6, begged for her Daddy to tell one of her favorite stories – the legend of the beautiful Indian maid who was a voluntary sacrifice for on war andy rooney her people and essays, the man she loved. It was through her willing death that the lives of her people and her true love were saved. Normally Missy loved this story of redemption, but this time it sparked deep questions and reflections.

Missy made the an essay on war andy rooney text, connection between this story and the one of Jesus’ death and wanted to know why God was so mean as to ask his children to die. Mack pointed out that they (Jesus and the Indian princess) weren’t forced to die, but did so out of their love for their people. Missy also asked if God was ever going to ask her to essays die for someone else. On War Andy Rooney Text? The back-story of the campout continues. Mack and his kids became friends with 2 other families they met camping: the Ducettes who have kids about the same ages, and the Madissons, a couple who really penetrates through Mack’s defenses and get him to share about his painful childhood and his beloved wife and her relationship with “Papa”. The final morning, Kate and Josh took out the australia essays, canoe.

The canoe flipped and proposal essays, Josh’s lifejacket got pinned to the canoe trapping him underwater. Mack was eventually able to australia rescue his son from the canoe and after CPR, Josh revived. As soon as Mack recovered from Josh’s rescue, he realized that Missy was no longer at the table where she had been coloring a picture of the Indian princess when he left her to rescue Josh. The search for Missy quickly escalated. Evidence of a struggle, a witness who saw a man driving out proposal essays, of the campsite with Missy, and essays, a ladybug pin left at the crime scene led to proposal essays a strong suspicion that a serial killer known as the australia, Little Ladykiller had abducted Missy. The ladybug had 5 dots on proposal essays, its back indicating this was abduction #5. He specialized in abducting little girls and none of the previous victims’ bodies had ever been found. Eventually a lead led Mack and the police to a little shack in the woods where Missy’s red dress was found, torn and blood-soaked.

Missy’s body was never found. The trail on the killer turned cold; there were no other leads. The story resumes with present day, nearly 4 years later. Mack muses why the God would, if the note was real, ask to meet him at the place of Mack’s deepest pain – why not somewhere else? As Mack had his reservations about telling Nan and the kids about the australia, note from “Papa”, he was relieved to find that Nan wanted to take the kids to visit her sister for a few days, which gave him the freedom to go to the shack undetected.

The only essays on politics and literature, person Mack did tell about the trip was his friend Willie, whom he had to australia tell in order to borrow Willie’s four-wheel drive jeep for the trip. Arriving at the shack, Mack found it unaltered. Missy’s blood still staining the floor, and no one was there. After erupting in rage and credo, despair, Mack collapsed on the floor and wept next to the bloodstains until he fell asleep. As Mack awoke and started to leave, feeling stupid for even coming, the forest surrounding the shack behind him was suddenly enveloped in warmth and the winter unfurled into spring even as the rundown shack was transformed into a lovely log cabin. A large, radiant African American woman came from inside and wrapped Mack in a huge bear-hug, all the while calling out his full name with the feeling of a long-lost love suddenly reunited. Also in the cabin were an Asian woman who shimmered and australia essays, whose hair blew about as if in the wind, though there was no wind inside, and a Hebrew man who appeared to leadership credo essay be a laborer.

The African American introduced herself as the australia, cook and housekeeper whose name was Elousia, but said Mack could call her ‘Papa’. The man, who appeared to be in his thirties introduced himself as Jesus and vous essayez, said he likes to australia essays keep things fixed up around the place. The Asian woman tended the gardens and said her name was Sarayu. All three said, in unison, that they were God. Vous Essayez? Mack and essays, Papa have a discussion in credo essay the kitchen, starting with the fact that Papa listens to funk among other kinds of music, and not just the music, but the heart behind it. She reminds Mack that she loves those musicians. They also discuss his problems with calling her Papa – it’s too familiar, Papa appears as a woman and his own papa was such a horrible memory. Papa reminds Mack that she is neither male nor female and explains that she reveals herself to Mack as an African American woman in order to australia essays keep from encouraging his religious stereotypes. Papa wants Mack to get to know her as the being she is, which is better done without the religious boxes he has kept her in.

She also realizes that Mack has never been able to embrace a father figure, nor could he now. They also discuss the and literature, matter of choice, or free will, the trinity and Jesus’ humanity and australia, divinity. After dinner, Jesus calls for a time of devotion, during which he praises Papa and tells her how much he appreciates various things she had done that day. For Persuasive? Afterward, Mack and Jesus go to essays the dock to vous essayez watch the stars and talk about essays creation, the Trinity and the transcendence of leadership essay being over appearance. Overall they share an evening of bonding, friendship and laughter. Australia? Over breakfast, Mack discusses with Jesus, Sarayu and vous essayez, Papa the hierarchy of the Trinity, only to essays learn there isn’t one.

They are in a circle of relationship and choose to serve each other above themselves. In perfect unity there is no need for authority. This transitions to a discussion about how God works in the world in general – with the proposal essays, ultimate question in australia Mack’s mind being how God could allow his daughter to die while He yet talks of love. Papa explained that the real problem for Mack was that he didn’t really think God was good; because if he did, he would be able to trust God even when he didn’t understand what God was doing. Also, Sarayu said that Mack couldn’t trust God because he didn’t really believe that God loved him – when he did, trust would result. Mack said he couldn’t believe that any end result would justify losing his daughter, but Papa corrected him – justifying it isn’t the point, redeeming it is. On War? Sarayu asked for Mack’s help in the garden – a garden which was both beautiful and a mess.

While they uprooted a lovely section of the garden, they discussed whether God created poisonous plants, and whether they should be considered good or bad. Sarayu pointed out that some of the most poisonous plants also have great healing properties. This led to a discussion of the garden of Eden and the tree of the knowledge of australia essays good and evil, and proposal essays, mankind’s judgments of good and evil in general. Ultimately, Sarayu challenged Mack to give up his independence and his “rights” which only serve to separate him from the essays, God who is Life. At the an essay on war rooney, end of this painful discussion, Sarayu revealed that the garden was Mack’s soul and that they had been working together, uprooting with a purpose, in his heart.

Jesus invited Mack to australia essays come for vous essayez a walk with him across the water to australia the other side of the lake. Mack’s fear about stepping onto the water leads to essays on politics and literature a discussion about fear in essays general and how imagination can living in the future or past vs. Proposal Essays? living in essays the present can lead to fear. Jesus explained that fear is in opposition to the fact that God is proposal essays good and he loves us – as Mack’s belief that God is good and loves him increases, his fear will decrease. They also discussed creation and the relationship that God intended man and woman to share and how the fall affected that relationship. Jesus kept reminding Mack throughout all their conversations that he is not about essays performance, but about being – about who people really are, not what they do. Vous Essayez? Ultimately, Jesus doesn’t want Mack to ‘be like Jesus’ (in other words, changing how Mack behaves) so much as he wants Mack to let Jesus be in Mack (changing who Mack really is). Jesus sent Mack into australia a dark cave where he met this beautiful woman who is the judge. Credo? As she and Mack talked, it surfaced hat he didn’t think that God truly loved all his kids, or Missy wouldn’t have been murdered; in light of that, she asked Mack to take her place and be the judge.

He says he isn’t fit to judge, but she reminds him of a lifetime of judgments he has made based on very superficial criteria known to man. She started by asking if he would judge the man who murdered Missy – that was easy for Mack. So she asked about that man’s father who twisted him from childhood into this sort of man – and yes, Mack wanted to judge him too. She pointed out that the legacy goes all the way back to australia essays Adam and the fall, and an essay andy text, ultimately to australia God who created us with the ability to creative introductions choose and who allowed sin to enter the world. So what was Mack’s judgment on australia essays, God, for wasn’t it he, ultimately, who allowed Missy to be killed? Didn’t God fail Mack and Missy both as a father? Surely if God loved Missy the way Mack loved Missy he would never have allowed this to happen? Mack conceded; he judged that God was to blame.

The judge pointed out that if Mack was able thus easily to judge God himself, surely judging mankind then would be no problem. She said he had to choose 2 of an essay andy text his children to go to heaven and the other 3 to essays go to hell – as that is how he believed God judged the world and chose who would go to heaven/hell. She pointed out that Mack’s daughter Kate was particularly troublesome, treated him unkindly and was angry with him, so maybe she should be the first to go. Essays? But, Mack realized that even if one of kids committed some horrible crime, even still he loved them too much to condemn them to hell. Essays? So, Mack asked if he could go to mas-ess competition hell instead of his children, if he could take their punishment. Australia? The judge said that finally Mack was sounding like Jesus, judging humanity worthy of leadership credo love, even at great cost to himself. Then Mack was allowed to essays see Missy through a waterfall acting as a one-way mirror. Missy couldn’t see him, but knew he was there and was able to tell him she loved him and that she was OK.

Mack confessed to vous essayez the judge the guilt he had carried around for judging himself a failure to protect Missy and was finally freed from that burden, knowing that Missy had never blamed him. As Jesus and Mack head back across the water, Mack confides that he has always been troubled by the idea of Missy all alone with her abductor. Essays? Jesus explains that she wasn’t alone; he was with her the whole time and that as they talked she gained great peace and even prayed for her family during that time. Their talk then turned to the institutions of politics, religion and creative for persuasive essays, marriage. Jesus pointed out that he has never been fond of institutions, he is all about relationships. He doesn’t want religious service, but people who love him and australia essays, are in relationship with him. He also explained that not all religions are roads that lead to him, but that he would travel any road to find and redeem the lost. Mack and Papa talked about his reunion with Missy through the waterfall and suddenly Mack thought of Missy’s favorite legend of the Indian princess whose death over the waterfall saved her people – was it for him that Missy had to mas-ess essay die?

Papa said that his ability to work good out of Missy’s death didn’t mean he needed Missy’s death to work good – so no, Missy didn’t have to die for essays Mack’s sake. Proposal Essays? Mack confessed that he had always liked Jesus more – he felt Papa was the stern disciplinarian while Jesus was the loving, forgiving one. Therefore he had never enjoyed being in the presence of Papa. Papa explained that Jesus represented Papa’s heart perfectly while he was on earth, so to australia essays know Jesus, to love Jesus, should also be to know and love Papa. Papa also confronted Mack on proposal essays, the little lies he had been telling himself and others.

Lies to “protect” others that were really only to australia protect himself and which, ultimately, hinder relationship. She also showed him how his choices caused his pain which ultimately drove him to her. She explained that love never forces anything or anyone into relationship, but love was why Jesus was willing to die on the cross, to open the vous essayez, way for that relationship to happen. Sarayu helped Mack see that emotions are neither bad nor good in themselves, they just are. Essays? They add color to leadership life but are generally a response to perception, so when based on right perceptions can be very good things and when based on australia, wrong perceptions can be harmful. The point is to be living in truth in the first place. And truth is that knowing God isn’t about following “rules” and proposal essays, knowing the right answer, but about knowing the Living Answer. Australia Essays? The Ten Commandments were a mirror to show humanity how dirty it was and bring them in humility to God who saves from that filth, but instead became something which humans used to gain independence and control and the power to judge others. She explained how “responsibility” and mas-ess essay competition, “expectation” are words full of law, fear and judgment and have no place in God’s relationship with mankind. Instead of responsibilities which would be duties to perform, God gave abilities to mankind, namely the ability to respond to australia in relationship to an essay on war text Papa. And instead of expectations for mankind, there is an australia, expectancy with no concrete definitions – it’s an excitement and hopefulness about what that relationship will bring.

It’s the essays on politics and literature, difference between nouns and verbs. Nouns are dead, verbs are alive and active. On a final note, Jesus pointed out that he didn’t want to australia be at the top of the pyramid of values in mas-ess essay Mack’s life, rather he wanted to be the center of the mobile from which all aspects of Mack’s life are connected. Sarayu opened Mack’s eyes so that he could, for one night, see what they (God) saw. He saw a beautiful spectacle of lights and color that emanated from living beings as they gathered together, each one full of colors unique to them. One particular being kept erupting in essays uncontrollable light and color – it was Mack’s father who was so overjoyed to see Mack he couldn’t contain himself.

Mack embraced his father and apologized and said he loved him and noticed the darker colors of his father’s being were were changed to blood red. Jesus entered the introductions essays, throng of people who had been clearly waiting for him, told Mack he was “especially fond of essays him”, and Sarayu and Mack were alone again as his sight was once more human. The next morning Papa, now appearing as an older man with silver hair and a goatee, woke Mack, explaining that Mack was going to need a father for what they had to do. Papa took Mack on a hike out into the woods where he showed Mack a red arc that was painted on several rocks – signs the killer used to mark his trail. Andy Rooney Text? Papa led Mack to a cave that contained Missy’s body so that Mack could bury her and have the closure he had so often asked for. But, before they reached her body, Papa asked Mack to forgive her killer. He explained that forgiveness does not necessarily mean he and the killer now enter into a relationship, but that Mack no longer holds on to his hate and unforgiveness. It’s not to forget it happened, but to essays love him in the face of it. Papa reminded Mack that her killer was one of mas-ess essay his creation too, one he also loved and hurt for and would like to redeem.

So, as Mack carried Missy’s body down the trail, he verbally declared over and over, “I forgive you”. Missy’s body was buried in a casket that Jesus made for her, the details of her life carved into the outside of the box. Essays? Jesus said that Missy helped pick out the carvings, one of an essay on war andy text which was the ladybug pin the killer left behind. Sarayu told Mack they would bury Missy’s body in the spot in the garden which he helped clear only the australia essays, day before. Essays On Politics? Sarayu sang a song as they buried her, one that Missy wrote just for the occasion. Mack’s tears watered the soil and a tree of life grew up at her gravesite, in the garden of Mack’s heart.

Papa presented a choice to australia essays Mack, he could remain with them (and consequently get to see Missy) or return home to his family. Either way, Papa promised they would be with him always, though maybe not as tangibly as they were currently if he chose to essays and literature return to his family. Mack asked if his choice mattered, if it made no difference, he would stay. But Papa said that everything mattered. So, Mack decided to return home in hopes of australia being able to essay competition make some difference to australia essays his family, to the world. Besides, if he didn’t return, he would be adding more pain and on war, sorrow to his wife and children, and that he didn’t want to do.

Because he had chosen to essays return, Papa gave Mack a little insight into the pain and struggle going on in Kate – she thought it was her fault Missy died, because it was her actions which tipped the canoe and proposal essays, set the whole train of events in motion. After dinner, Mack fell asleep and awoke to the cold dilapidated shack with Missy’s blood stains that he had been in days before. He began the drive home, happily thinking how he would begin to essays tell Nan and proposal essays, the kids all about his time with Papa, Jesus and Sarayu, when a car ran a red light and australia essays, plowed into his. Proposal Essays? Four days later, Mack awoke in essays a hospital. The details about the essays on politics and literature, shack were a bit fuzzy until Willie reminded him about the australia essays, note and his purpose for going out there.

Then his memory began to come back. He and Nan started to vous essayez share their sides of the story. Nan told him that the accident happened on Friday night, the day he headed out to the shack, not on Sunday when he thought he was returning. But Mack assumed it must be one of australia essays those instances where God is out of leadership essay time. Nan listened to australia his story and through time began to believe. The thing which sealed her believe was when Mack was able to finally put Kate at rest that nothing was her fault and unlock the pain and guilt she had been living in. Mack decided to tell Tommy, the officer who had helped him in creative for persuasive essays the search for Missy, about australia his experience with God and ask Tommy to vous essayez help him go to the cave in essays search of her body – Mack suspected that her body might still be there, despite having buried it with Papa. Following the red arcs, Mack led Tommy right to the cave, and Missy’s body.

The police were able to an essay on war text locate the other bodies of girls whom the Little Ladykiller had killed, and the killer himself, based on the clues they found at Missy’s cave. Mack is essays testifying at the Ladykiller trial, hoping to visit with the man accused. He is hoping for a revolution revolving around Jesus in the world, centered on love and creative for persuasive, service. Willie says his life has been changed by australia essays, this story, and whether it’s completely true or not, he wants it to be true. Mackenzie Allen Phillips “Mack” - At 13, he put poison in his abusive, alcoholic father’s beer bottles and credo essay, ran away from home. Years later one of his daughters is abducted and murdered. He has an australia essays, encounter with God who helps him deal with all the pains of his past. William Paul Young “Willie” – Author of The Shack. Is presented as a close friend of Mack’s whom Mack asks to write the story. Melissa “Missy” Phillips – Daughter of Mack and Nan who was abducted and murdered. Proposal Essays? Jon, Tyler, Josh and australia essays, Katherine “Kate” Phillips – Mack and Nan’s living children, siblings of Missy.

Papa – Nan’s affectionate name for God the Father (a nickname which Mack comes to adopt as well) Ducette Family – met and became friends with the Phillips and Maddison families while camping. Emil Vicky Ducette – parents of Amber, Emmy and JJ. Helped Mack in proposal essays time of crisis. Amber, Emmy JJ Ducette - Ducette children. Jesse Sarah Maddison – met and became friends with the australia essays, Phillips and Ducette families while camping. Were a help to Mack and credo essay, his family in time of crisis. Essays? Jeremy Bellamy – campground assistant manager who helped in search for Missy. Virgil Thomas – camper who saw Missy and her captor leaving the campsite. Officer Tommy Dalton – Helped with the proposal essays, search for Missy. Agent Samantha “Sam” Wikowsky – FBI special agent who has been trying to capture the Little Ladykiller and essays, assisted in the search for Missy. Elousia or Papa –Initially an African American woman whom Mack meets at the shack.

Elousia means Creator God who is vous essayez truly real. Is the Father; is God. Sarayu - Asian woman who shimmers, is essays hard to see clearly and whose hair blows about as if in the wind even when there is no wind. Mack meets her at the shack. Sarayu means wind and is the Holy Spirit; is mas-ess essay competition God. Jesus –Hebrew laborer man, in his thirties whom Mack meets at the shack.

Is the Son; is God. Sophia – The Judge – a beautiful Hispanic looking woman who is the personification of Papa’s wisdom (just as in Proverbs, wisdom is australia personified as a woman) “I guess part of me would like to believe that God would care enough about me to essays on politics send a note.” – Mack. “Maybe what happened to australia essays Missy is God’s judgment for what I did to my own dad.” – Mack. “He usually makes uncomfortable sense in a world where most folks would rather just hear what they are used to hearing, which is often not much of anything.” – Willie. “I suppose that since most of our hurts come through relationships so will our healing, and I know that grace rarely makes sense for creative introductions essays those looking in from the outside.” – Willie. “He wanted a narrative to help him express to *his family+ not only the depth of his love, but also to help them understand what had been going on in his inside world. You know that place: where there is just you alone – and maybe God, if you believe in him. Of course, God might be there even if you don’t believe in him. That would be just like him.

He hasn’t been called the Grand Interferer for nothing.” – Willie. “Suffice it to say that while some things may not be scientifically provable, they can still be true nonetheless.” – Willie. “Perhaps there is suprarationality: reason beyond the normal definitions of fact or data-based logic; something that only makes sense if you can see a bigger picture of reality. Maybe that is essays where faith fits in.” “We routinely disqualify testimony that would plead for extenuation. That is, we are so persuaded of the rightness of essays on politics our judgment as to invalidate evidence that does not confirm us in it. Nothing that deserves to be called truth could ever be arrived at australia essays by such means.” Marilynne Robinson, The Death of Adam. Creative Introductions For Persuasive Essays? “So where are you? I thought you wanted to meet me here. Well, I’m here, God.

And you? You’re nowhere to essays be found! You’ve never been around when I’ve needed you – not when I was a little boy, not when I lost Missy. Not now! Some ‘Papa’ you are!” – Mack. And Literature? “No matter what God’s power may be, the first aspect of God is never that of the absolute Master; the Almighty. It is that of the australia, God who puts himself on our human level and limits himself.” Jacques Ellul, Anarchy and text, Christianity. “Don’t go because you feel obligated. That won’t get you any points around here. Go because it’s what you want to essays do.” – Jesus. “He had always wanted a Papa he could trust, but he wasn’t sure he’d find it here, especially if this one couldn’t even protect his Missy.” – Mack. “I often find that getting head issues out of the way first makes the heart stuff easier to creative essays work on australia essays, later… when you’re ready.” – Papa. “I am neither male nor female, even though both genders are derived from creative introductions for persuasive my nature. If I choose to appear to you as a man or a woman, it’s because I love you. Australia Essays? For me to appear to you as a woman and suggest that you call me Papa is simply to mix metaphors, to help you keep from falling so easily back into your religious conditioning….

To reveal myself to you as a very large, white grandfather figure with flowing beard, like Gandalf, would simply reinforce your religious stereotypes, and this weekend is not about reinforcing your religious stereotypes…. Proposal Essays? Hasn’t it always been a problem for you to embrace me as your father? And after what you’ve been through, you couldn’t very well handle a father right now, could you?” – Papa. “The Truth shall set you free and the Truth has a name [Jesus]…. Everything is a bout him . Essays? And freedom is a process that happens inside a relationship with him. Then all that stuff you feel churnin’ around inside you will start to work its way out.” – Papa. “Will you at least consider this: When all you can see is your pain, perhaps then you lose sight of me?” –Papa. “Most birds were created to fly. Being grounded for leadership them is australia a limitation within their ability to fly, not the other way round….

You, on the other hand, were created to be loved. On War Rooney? So for essays you to live as if you were unloved is a limitation, not the other way around…. Living unloved is like clipping a bird’s wings and removing its ability to proposal essays fly…. Pain has a way of clipping our wings and keeping us from being able to fly…. And if left unresolved for very long, you can almost forget that you were ever created to fly in the first place.” – Papa. “The problem is that many folks try to grasp some sense of who I am by taking the best version of. Australia Essays? themselves, projecting that to the nth degree, factoring in all the goodness they can perceive, which often isn’t much, and vous essayez, then call that God. And while it may seem like a noble effort, the australia essays, truth is that it falls pitifully short of who I really am. I’m not merely the best version of you that you can think of. I am far more than that, above and mas-ess, beyond all that you can ask or think.” – Papa. “You don’t play a game or color a picture with a child to show your superiority. Australia? Rather, you choose to limit yourself so as to mas-ess essay competition facilitate and honor that relationship. You will even lose a competition to accomplish love. It is not about winning and losing, but about love and respect.” – Sarayu. “Relationships are never about power, and one way to avoid the will to power is to choose to limit oneself – to australia serve.” – Sarayu. “I don’t need to vous essayez punish people for sin.

Sin is australia its own punishment, devouring you from the inside. It’s not my purpose to punish it; it’s my joy to cure it.” – Papa. “The real underlying flaw in your life, Mackenzie, is that you don’t think that I am good. If you knew I was good and that everything – the means, the proposal essays, ends, and all the processes of individual lives – is all covered by my goodness, then while you might not always understand what I am doing, you would trust me.” – Papa. “You cannot produce trust just like you cannot ‘do’ humility. It either is or is not. Trust is the fruit of a relationship in which you know you are loved. Because you do not know that I love you, you cannot trust me.” – Sarayu. “Rumors of glory are often hidden inside of what many consider myths and tales.” – Sarayu. “Mack, do you realize that your imagination of the future, which is almost always dictated by fear of some kind, rarely, if ever, pictures me [God] there with you?” – Jesus. “[You have fear] because you don’t believe.

You don’t know that we love you… To the essays, degree that those fears have a place in your life, you neither believe that I am good nor know deep in your heart that I love you.” – Jesus. “Being my follower is not trying to ‘be like Jesus,’ it means for competition your independence to be killed. I came to give you life, real life, my life. Essays? We will come and live our life inside of you, so that you begin to see with our eyes and essay, hear with our ears, and touch with our hands, and australia, think like we do.” – Jesus. “You have [judged]. You have judged them worthy of love, even if it cost you everything. That is creative for persuasive essays how Jesus loves.” – The Judge. “Your world is severely broken.

You demanded your independence, and australia essays, now you are angry with the proposal essays, one who loved you enough to give it to you.” – The Judge. “Give up being his judge and know Papa for who he is. Then you will be able to embrace his love in the midst of your pain, instead of pushing him away with your self-centered perception of how you think the universe should be.” – The Judge. Australia Essays? “The darkness hides the vous essayez, true size of fears and lies and regrets…. The truth is australia essays they are more shadow than reality, so they seem bigger in the dark. Vous Essayez? When the light shines into the places they live inside you, you start to see them for what they are.” – Jesus. “Have you noticed that in your pain you assumed the australia, worst of mas-ess me?” – Jesus. “I have no desire to make them Christian, but I do want to join them in australia essays their transformation into sons and andy rooney, daughters of my Papa, into my brother and sisters, into my Beloved.” – Jesus. “Most roads don’t lead anywhere… [but] I will travel any road to find you.” – Jesus. “Falsehood has an australia, infinity of vous essayez combinations, but truth has only one mode of australia essays being.” – Jean Jacques Rousseau. “Just because I work incredible good out of unspeakable tragedies doesn’t mean I orchestrate the tragedies. Don’t ever assume that my using something means I caused it or that I need it to creative for persuasive accomplish my purposes. That will only essays, lead you to false notions about me.” – Papa. “Grace doesn’t depend on suffering to exist, but where there is suffering you will find grace in many facets and colors.” – Papa. “It is not the leadership essay, nature of love to force a relationship but it is the Nature of love to open the australia essays, way.” – Papa. “Paradigms power perception and perceptions power emotions.” – Sarayu. “The idea behind expectations requires that someone does not know the future or outcome and is trying to control behavior to get the desired result. Humans try to control behavior largely through expectations. I know you and everything about you. Why would I have an creative, expectation other than what I already know? That would be foolish.

And because I have no expectations, you never disappoint me.”– Papa. “I don’t just want a piece of you and a piece of your life. Even if you were able, which you are not, to australia essays give me the biggest piece, that is not what I want. I want all of you and all of every part of you and your day.” – Papa. “If anything matters, then everything matters.” – Sarayu. 1 William P. Young, The Shack (Windblown Media, 2007). The Shack and the Problem of Evil. This Weeks#039; Most Popular Resources: Sorry. Essays? No data so far. February 9, 2010 - 5:37 pm.

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Already bookmarked for future reference. Really remarkable article to read on.. I am truly amazed with this post. Looking forward for more info. I will stick a link to this blog on my page. Essays? I am sure my readers will find this info really informative. Great Information. Thanks. And Literature? Papa or our Father in australia the heavens never was never will be a Triune God Head. No matter how you dress this movie up sugar coat it, it is teaching folks the lie from the Father of the Lie, namely God#8217;s adversary. The Jews of the Old Testament, God#8217;s chosen people were monotheistic. #8220;Hear Oh Israel, our God is one God#8221; Since God never changes, when who changed the Creator into essays and literature a Triune God?

The Pagan Trinity was accepted into australia essays the Catholic Church in 325AD or 400 years after the death of Christ was voted upon by the clergy, called the Athanasian Creed, the Nicean Creed, with Pagan Constantine of Rome casting the final vote. He did this in order to keep this realm together thus mixing the true with the false, for the sake of the pagans who were received into the church apart from any regeneration of their faith, keeping everyone happy, being the great diplomat that he was. Check out the origin of the Trinity Doctrine for yourselves. Leadership Credo Essay? The word Trinity is not even in essays the Bible! As a Systematic Theologian, I am well aware of the origins of the Trinity and these origins are rooted in scriptural revelation. While I am not a big fan of the theology in The Shack, I am in full agreement with the teaching that God is an eternal Trinity. This is clear scriptural teaching. And the logic that says #8220;the word Trinity isn#8217;t in the Bible so it must not be true#8221; is essays on politics quite faulty.

The word #8220;Bible#8221; isn#8217;t in the Bible either#8230;does that mean the Bible doesn#8217;t exist? #128578; Truly excellent summary and analysis. Much appreciated.

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How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in essays helping people write essays faster and creative for persuasive essays easier. A summary is telling the australia essays main ideas of the article in your own words. These are the steps to writing a great summary:

Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on your computer or a piece of proposal essays paper. When you finish the article, read all the underlined sentences. In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the australia essays main idea. Creative Essays. Start the sentence using the name of the author and title of the article (see format below). Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Remember that you need to change both the words of the australia sentence and vous essayez the word order.

For more information, see video below. Australia. Don't forget to use transition words to link your sentences together. On Politics. See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and make it more interesting to australia read. Make sure you include the name of the essays author and article and use author tags (see list below) to let the reader know you are talking about what the author said and not your own ideas. Re-read your piece. Does it flow well?

Are there too many details? Not enough? Your summary should be as short and concise as possible. Author Tag : You need to start your summary by telling the name of the article and the author. Australia. Here are three examples of competition how to do that (pay close attention to the punctuation):

In “How the Civil War Began, historian John Jones explains. John Jones, in his article “How the Civil War Began, says that the real reason. How the Civil War Began, by australia essays historian John Jones, describes. First Sentence: Along with including the article's title and author's name, the first sentence should be the vous essayez main point of the article. It should answer the question: What is this essay about? (thesis). Essays. Example: In How the on war andy rooney Civil War Began by John Jones, the author argues that the real reason for the start of the Civil War was not slavery, as many believe, but was instead the clash of essays cultures and greed for cash. Rest of Summary: The rest of your essay is going to give the reasons and evidence for essay that main statement. In other words, what is the main point the writer is trying to make and what are the supporting ideas he or she uses to prove it?

Does the author bring up any opposing ideas, and if so, what does he or she do to refute them? Here is a sample sort of sentence: ___________ is the issue addressed in “( article's title) ” by ( author's name) . The thesis of this essay is essays ___________ . Credo Essay. The author’s main claim is ___________ and his/her sub claim is ___________ . The author argues ___________ . Other people argue ___________ . The author refutes these ideas by saying ___________ . His/her conclusion is essays ___________ . How Often Do You Mention the Author? While you don't have to use an author tag in every sentence, you need to be clear when you are giving ideas that are taken from the article, and an essay andy when you are saying your own ideas. Australia. In general, you want to an essay andy rooney text be sure that you always use the author's name and the article title when you start summarizing, and that you use the australia author's last name in the last sentence as well to make it clear you are still talking about the author's ideas. Leadership Credo. In a research paper, you would then put a parenthetical citation or footnote, which tells the reader you are finished using that source. Men and australia Women in Conversation: Example response essay to Deborah Tannen's article about how divorce can be prevented if people learn the communication signals of the opposite gender.

Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to a personal experience article from the New York Times about a man who gets a dragon tattoo. The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by a college English class about an article by Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of 1948 had a great impact on history. How is this written? Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience?

If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about analyzing literature to analyzing other texts. You will want to consider what is effective and ineffective. You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and persuade the audience to agree. Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and you may not know where to start. It may help you to use a thing called TRACE when talking about the an essay on war rhetorical situation. TRACE stands for Text, Reader, Author, Context, and Exigence: Text , Reader , and Author are easy to understand. When writing the australia essays analysis, you need to think about what kind of vous essayez text it is and what the author wanted to have the essays audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience?

Context means several things: how the proposal essays article fits into the history of discussion of australia that issue, the historical moment in leadership credo time when the article is written, and the moment in time when a person reads the essays article. In this context, Exigence is synonymous with assumptions, bias, or worldview. Breaking the large idea down into these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas. In your paper, you'll probably want to address from three to all five of these elements. Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of vous essayez your analysis.

You can answer the questions to help you generate ideas for each paragraph. To make it easier, I've included the australia last two TRACE elements (Context and mas-ess competition Exigence) as part of Author and Reader. How is the essays essay organized? What is effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay? How does the author try to interest the reader? How well does the author explain the main claims? Are these arguments logical? Do the support and evidence seem adequate?

Is the essay support convincing to the reader? Does the evidence actually prove the point the author is trying to make? Who is the author? What does he or she know about this subject? What is the author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for this audience? How does the australia essays author try to relate to creative introductions for persuasive essays the audience and establish common ground?

Is it effective? How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to australia essays know more? Does the author explain enough about the history of this argument? Is anything left out? Who is the reader? How would they react to these arguments? How is this essay effective or ineffective for proposal essays this audience?

What constraints (prejudices or perspectives) would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the exigence (events in australia this moment in proposal essays time which affect the need for australia this conversation) that makes the vous essayez audience interested in australia essays this issue? Michael Critchton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves argues that we are overdoing caution and fear. See my Sample Reading Response to this essay and also check out Lisa Rayner and Don Fraizier's response. Text : Analyzing the text is very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Use all of your tools of literary analysis, including looking at mas-ess essay competition, the metaphors, rhythm of essays sentences, construction of arguments, tone, style, and use of language. Creative Introductions For Persuasive Essays. Example: The organization of essay title is effective/ineffective because ___________ . The essay's opening causes the australia essays reader to ___________ . The essay's style is ___________ and on politics and literature the tone is australia shown by ___________ . Proposal Essays. The language used is___________ . The essay's argument is constructed logically/illogically by ___________. The essay is organized by australia essays ___________ ( give a very brief description of the structure of the essay, perhaps telling where the description of the problem is, where claims are made, and on politics where support is located—in which paragraphs—and why this is effective or ineffective in proving the point ). Author: You’ve probably also analyzed how the essays author’s life affects his or her writing.

You can do the same for this sort of analysis. For example, in vous essayez my sample reading the response about Michael Crichton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves article, students noted that the australia essays fact that Crichton is the author of doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic. If you don't know anything about the author, you can always do a quick Google Search to find out. Leadership Credo. Sample format: The author establishes his/her authority by ___________ . The author's bias is shown in ___________ . The author assumes an australia essays, audience who ___________ . He/She establishes common ground with the audience by ___________ . Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the intended reader is, as well as looking at essay, the text from the australia essays viewpoint of other sorts of readers. For example,

Readers are interested in on politics and literature this issue because of the exigence of ___________. Constraints on the reader's reaction are ___________. Australia Essays. I think the reader would react to this argument by ___________. I think that the author's ___________ is effective. ___________ is less effective because ___________ includes ___________. The support is adequate/inadequate and is relevant/irrelevant to the author’s claim. What do you think? Does this article persuade you? Generally, your response will be the on war andy end of australia essays your essay, but you may include your response throughout the paper as you select what to summarize and analyze. Your response will also be evident to the reader by the tone that you use and the words you select to talk about the vous essayez article and writer.

However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and specific. It will use the information you have already provided in your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about this article. Most of the time, your response will fall into one of the australia following categories: You will agree with the author and back your agreement up with logic or personal experience. You will disagree with the author because of your experience or knowledge (although you may have sympathy with the proposal essays author's position). Australia Essays. You will agree with part of the leadership credo essay author's points and disagree with others.

You will agree or disagree with the author but feel that there is australia a more important or different point which needs to be discussed in addition to what is in the article. How will this article fit into your own paper? How will you be able to use it? Here are some questions you can answer to help you think about your response: What is an essay on war rooney your personal reaction to the essay? What common ground do you have with the author? How are your experiences the same or different from the author's and how has your experience influenced your view?

What in the essay is new to you? Do you know of any information the article left out that is relevant to the topic? What in this essay made you re-think your own view? What does this essay make you think about? What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about this article?

What do you like or dislike about the essay and/or the australia essays ideas in the essay? How much of your response is related to your personal experience? How much is related to and literature your own worldview? How is essays this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay?

You can use your answers to the questions above to help you formulate your response. Here is a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay (for more sample essays, see the links above): Before reading this article, my understanding of this topic was ___________. In my own experience, I have found ___________ and because of this, my reaction to mas-ess essay this essay is essays ___________. Interestingly, I have ___________ as common ground with the author/audience . And Literature. What was new to me is ___________. Essays. This essay makes me think ___________. I like/dislike ___________ in essay the essay. I will use this article in my research essay for australia ___________. How to essays on politics and literature Write a Summary of an Article. by Virginia Kearney 18.

Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example. by Virginia Kearney 0. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. 150 Topics for Essays That Explain. by Virginia Kearney 10. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. Appreciated for your effort!

It does helped me a lot! Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to australia include the examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to summarize everything. Hello, Thank you so much for your guide. Is it necessary to include the author's examples in an analytical argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 7 weeks ago from United States. Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you.

I hope you will continue to use my other guides and vous essayez sample papers to complete your other projects. Rodsy Karim Taseen 7 weeks ago. Thank you so much for australia making it easy. Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on writing summary on different research papers, based on the filed of andy rooney text International Business. Thank you so much! I really appreciate the effort put into your work. :) this will really help me now and in future. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States.

Hi, Chloe! It would depend in part what sort of essays assignment you've been given. Generally, in doing a summary, you do not need to put the information exactly in the same order as the original paper. The important thing in summarizing is vous essayez that you actually understand the information clearly enough that you can put it into your own words. I'm guessing that with the australia title, the leadership credo article has a number of reasons why we should allow the drugs. Australia Essays. If the reasons can be grouped, into 3-4 types of reasons, that would be your best organization technique. For example, I can image that the proposal essays reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably: We can't prevent athletes from getting around the australia essays rules. We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs. We don't have the right to leadership essay tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies.

I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. hi there, i am doing a science report on Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport and the article has 12 subheadings and i am supposed to summarize all of them. What structure would i put the paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the subsections, and i have an australia essays, actual format to follow? Thank you :) Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Brad! You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an argumentative essay. Credo Essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to essays believe. The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the pros and cons of an essay on war other ideas about that claim.

I don't use the term analytical argumentative essay in my class but I do teach this same idea. I call it persuasive essay, or argument essay and I have several articles that tell you how to write that sort of essay. Look at the links to australia the side or search for them on Letterpile using my name. Would this be considered an outline for an essay an analytical Argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from australia essays United States. Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the credo same as we've described here except that you would summarize the story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and australia essays finally give a response. If you are actually talking about writing a narrative paper about something that happened to you, you need to see my article on mas-ess competition, How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. Search for it on Letterpile or on my profile page. cletusoe12 5 months ago. How can I write a story of a personal encounter in an accident.

In narrative essay. Please can you give me example? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Mimi--In the response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in your research paper. Australia. You might want to see my article on How to do an vous essayez, Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States.

Glad this is australia helpful to an essay on war rooney you Flor. I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is interesting for essays you to ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and some live instruction help. what a great way to explain you have used here. Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to credo essay have the opportunity to be tutor by you. Hello, I am actually working on essays, three articles and proposal essays my supervisor asked to make a summary including analysis.But what I would like to know how can I show that these three articles are related to my future research paper?how can I analyze them?can you please help me? I love the way this website gives steps and examples. I love how you can distinguish all of this into your on essays, understanding. All of this explaining is a great source for anything.

You have to on war rooney love everything about this site. This is the best. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from australia United States. Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an introductions essays, article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to a particular article, then you should give a summary of the situation around this law and the different sides of the essays argument. Proposal Essays. Then pose a question which is australia essays interesting to you. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the idea of whether this is good or bad.

Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for pro-life groups to use? Does just raising the issue of burial change the conversation about abortion? Should women considering abortion have to think about burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper. I am responding to the Texas new law that requires burial for aborted fetuses. Any ideas?

Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from United States. Thanks for letting me know Seza! This type of essay is not very well explained in many textbooks and essay that is what led me to australia essays write these instructions and ask my students to post examples. Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at writing these kinds of essays, which is important because the thinking you do while writing these essays is what prepares you for doing good research. This post has been of great help for mas-ess essay competition me and my friends. Thank you very much.

Excellent lesson. Australia Essays. It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of my students who were still having difficulty. I especially liked the chart. However, please change adjective to adverbs. Thanks for the information. Very good insight on analysis description. I want to introductions for persuasive essays thank you for your time and effort in helping people be all they can be. Keep up the great work. Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Singapore! I love the fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over essays, the world.

I'm approaching 8 million views now! Thanks from Singapore! It's for literature :) Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from an essay andy United States. Thanks Simon!

I've done a lot of writing over the years and I enjoy experimenting with different styles. I like the style of australia your post writing. It's very rare to find something like this. This my second semester in the university and I have to write. Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me. Really thank you. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Hi Ercan! Since I started writing online in 2008, I've been amazed to see people from all over the world reading my work and leadership being helped by the information I've developed for my students at college here in the United States.

Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers. Essays. I am glad to be able to provide help for free to improve student's written English. Ercan Oztoktay 16 months ago. Thanks so much from turkey. My first time to write a summary of on war andy text a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks :) I don't know why I should go to school. This is the right place. It's helping me in my English composition 2 class.thank you. Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from australia essays United States. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources.

In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to do, such as, Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs. I suggest you ask your instructor for some examples of what they want you to do. Hello Professor Lynne. On War Andy. I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to show my point? By the australia way the topic is dealing Information Technology. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Thanks yakul for your comment.

As a writer, I know I am always learning and essay competition improving too! Matty Fernandez 2 years ago from Passaic, NJ. I have to turn in essays a summary page for Critical Thinking. Vous Essayez. You've helped me lots! Please follow me. Christy Maria 2 years ago. I am a student in University right now and I have to write response papers so often. This article is extremely useful for essays me so im going to make sure to save it and look back on mas-ess essay, it when I have my next paper due! Thankyou. Najat 2 years ago from Rottherdam - NL. i like your hub, great sharing, i love the instructions.

greeting from Hijama. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Aesta--glad to know this helped you. Australia Essays. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from peers before re-writing. Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in vous essayez one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to realize that stopping to organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly. In the end, it takes less time!

Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and very substantial. I need to digest this information and start applying this in my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Australia Essays. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into my random thoughts. Lloyd Jenkins 3 years ago. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester. Organization is key in writing a good summary and response. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the mas-ess competition places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to essays people in other parts of the world! Good luck on your college career. I went back to graduate school after 10 years of an essay on war rooney text working and essays found that I enjoyed going to school so very much more than I had when I was younger.

I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. Vous Essayez. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting. Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from australia essays Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to the U.S. to an essay on war rooney go to college and play American football. The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. Anne 3 years ago from Hobart, Tasmania. Australia.(The little bit broken off the bottom of essays AUS) Thanks for a great hub. Proposal Essays. Just about to go back to college after 20 years and essays am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff. Will be following you too as I want to be able to refer at a later date, back to essays your instruction.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from australia essays United States. How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. My husband is a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester. I will have to think about doing some more topic ideas for science classes. I'm doing this for an essay science. Anarkali Suits 4 years ago. “Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything. You read and you’re pierced.”

This page is a great method to australia essays connect to mas-ess competition others. Essays. Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. B. Leekley--absolutely! I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to texts.

Anything that provides us something to introductions think about can be put into a responsive reading. You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to a Harvard Study on the effect of going to 4th of July celebrations to my links. Brian Leekley 5 years ago from Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub. I have bookmarked it. I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to hubs that argue for a philosophical or political position. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. I'm glad! I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and Response essays and I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to do this paper. Australia Essays. I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped.

This paper is similar to the Reading Response paper, and both of these Hubs are are the very top in number of hits, so I think that many people have trouble on these essays and on war andy text the textbooks don't always describe them well. Many thanks made things a lot simpler for me! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. johnsdfd--good question. Yes--I should add that to the hub. Australia Essays. You do a bibliographic entry in either mla or apa style at the top, then the summary/analysis/response is below. htodd 5 years ago from United States. Great post virginialynne..Thanks. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Glad I helped you nico!

My class is just starting on this essay now and rooney text so I was looking at my Hubviews and very surprised to find this one had over 3,000! I really published it for my own classes, but the class I'm teaching now is the first one that will use it. Guess there are a lot of other people out there needing help! Virginia Kearney 6 years ago from United States. Thanks! I think that a lot of the instructions given for essays really don't help you know how to organize them. I've actually learned a lot about writing by essays trying to figure out how to teach other people! Rose Clearfield 6 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Well written.

I like how you break everything down. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Vous Essayez. HubPages ® is australia essays a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on introductions for persuasive essays, affiliate relationships and essays advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Adolescent Addiction and australia essays STD/HIV essay. Adolescence is considered to be a unique period in life cycle, which represents various challenges and opportunities to the individuals. In fact, it is a time of constant search and experimentation, which increasingly includes risky sex and drug use. Today, young people are largely disoriented: parents and teachers assert, for proposal essays example, that one should abstain from australia essays, early sexual activities, smoking or alcohol consumption, but television, movies and magazines propagandize a disreputable lifestyle full of unsafe sexual practices, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Therefore, adolescence is understood as one of the most difficult periods of human development. Despite its relative brevity, it largely determines the entire life of the individual. Sure, the formation of character and other personal basics occur in this period of life cycle. These circumstances make adolescents particularly vulnerable and malleable to the negative influences of environment. In addition, it is necessary to take into account an adolescent’s tendency to be free from parental guardianship and control that often leads to the denial of vous essayez, spiritual values ??and standards of living of the older generation. Dramatically, young people aged less than 25 years are more heavily affected by australia STD/HIV-AIDS. Most sexually transmitted infections occur more frequently in adolescents than in adults.

Parents and teachers often do not know what, how and proposal essays when to talk to adolescents. Essays? The talks about sexuality and remedies are tabooed in society, particularly with regard to proposal essays young people. In this case, young people, not having access to australia essays accurate information, rely on rumors and stereotypes learned from peers and the media. In such a case, young people need adequate support and reliable information to help them protect themselves. Key words: adolescence, STD/HIV-AIDS, risky sex, drug use. Background on HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS and creative for persuasive other STDs are one of the most important and tragic issues facing humanity at the end of XX century. Today, HIV/AIDS is “recognized as a global emergency demanding the attention on the international health agenda and australia essays one of the most important public health issues” (Wasti, Simkhada, Randall, van Teijlingen, 2009, p. 62). In fact, STDs and mas-ess essay competition HIV infection have spread to all the sectors of the essays, population, including happy families. Vous Essayez? Hence, it is a quite relevant problem that affects all aspects of our society, and thus, needs much attention to deal with. The first cases of infection were observed in Africa in 1959.

In 1981, a new syndrome was first identified among homosexual men in the United States of australia essays, America. Creative? Since 1987, the spread of australia essays, a new infectious disease has reached epidemic proportions. On War Andy Text? Nowadays, the disease is registered in 152 countries around the world (UNAIDS WHO, 2003). The highest prevalence of australia, reported infections can be found in all African countries. In fact, HIV prevalence among young people (10–19 years) is 2.1 million adolescents, who live with HIV in 2012 (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS [UNAIDS], 2013). Generally speaking, AIDS is a chronic condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, abbreviated as HIV. There is no doubt that AIDS is a complex scientific problem. However, the fight against HIV/AIDS and other STDs is proposal essays largely complicated by the lack of effective therapeutic drugs, and because of the inability to be vaccinated. That is why, health education programs, full and essays objective information about the proposal essays, urgency of the problem and effective ways to prevent infections are crucial in the fight against the AIDS epidemic. Sure, HIV/AIDS and essays other STDs are difficult to control due to the following significant issues: 1) lack of effective treatment; 2) lack of resources for primary prevention (vaccination); 3) difficulties in contacts with the population most severely affected by HIV/AIDS.

How HIV is Transmitted. The main routes of HIV transmission include as follows: A. Unsafe anal, vaginal, or oral sex (i.e. On Politics And Literature? sex without a condom). Currently, the lion’s share of cases of HIV infection falls on unprotected sex. In order to protect themselves from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, it is important to abstain from sexual intercourse or even it happens make sure to use a quality condom. B. Through blood products. The vast majority of HIV infections are among people who use or have used drugs intravenously. Furthermore, HIV can be transmitted when using non-sterile, untreated medical instruments or during blood transfusions. C. From mother to child. Child transmission is australia essays possible: during pregnancy (when HIV penetrates through the placenta to the fetus) during childbirth and breast feeding.

Now let us talk about the factors that contribute to mas-ess essay competition the spread of australia, HIV infection: 1) the growing number of children and adolescents, who have dropped out of the sphere of social control; 2) the proliferation of different forms of deviant behavior among children, adolescents and young people:increase in on politics and literature the number of injecting drug users; increase in alcohol abuse among minors; increase in juvenile delinquency; involvement of youth and minors in commercial sex. 3) reducing educational potential of families; 4) preventive work is essays not up to proposal essays teenagers dropped out of the area of essays, social control; 5) the imperfection of social monitoring (allowing to assess the effectiveness of preventive measures to track changes in the behavior of #8220;at risk#8221; groups, and to identify new areas of risk) as well as medical control over the representatives of #8220;at risk#8221; groups; 6) the lack of competition, legal protection and psychosocial assistance to drug addicts and their families during the rehabilitation period; 7) low effectiveness of drug treatment, the high cost of removing the psychological dependence that makes it unaffordable for most addicts; 8) relative effectiveness of law enforcement agencies to australia combat drug trafficking; 9) low coordination of prevention activities by different agencies and organizations; 10) poor sexual health knowledge; 11) limited condom use since parents do not talk to their children about sexual matters (Wasti, Simkhada, Randall, van Teijlingen, 2009). HIV Signs and Symptoms. Now let us focus our specific attention on the fundamental criteria for recognition of HIV infection. The recognition of HIV infection, especially in the early stages, is very difficult. The doctor must first of all be alert to this infection, mindful of its inexorable spread in our society. The diagnostic program for HIV infection should include three main fragments. Anamnesis – information about leadership essay, a person’s belonging to risk groups, sexual contact with persons from these groups, especially with the large number of partners. In addition, it is important to consider the indications of the subject for a long stay abroad, especially in endemic regions.

Analysis of clinical symptoms. Multifaceted, abundant and diverse clinical manifestations of HIV infection have the common features: relentless flow, increasing severity, combination of a variety of pathological conditions, resistance to therapy, etc. The physician must especially pay attention to generalized lymphadenopathy, weight loss, persistent diarrhea, severe pneumonia, progressive damage to the central nervous system and, of course, Kaposi’s sarcoma. Laboratory tests. The diagnosis of HIV infection should always be confirmed by the laboratory. Thus, HIV signs and symptoms include: 1) enlarged liver or spleen; 2) fever; 3) diarrhea; 4) chills; 5) headache; 6) muscle aches; 7) sore throat; 8) rash; 9) night sweats; 10) neurologic symptoms; 11) ulcers in australia essays the mouth; 12) nausea and credo vomiting; 13) thrush; and 14) swollen lymph nodes (“Signs and Symptoms,” n.d.).

However, it is possible to remember that the above-mentioned symptoms and signs usually disappear in a week to a month and can be easily mistaken for any other virus infections. HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment. There is australia no doubt that successful fight against HIV / AIDS largely depends on the targeted prevention efforts of different government and non-governmental organizations and efficient attempts to deal with the problem that include political, societal, and treatment approaches. Since the recognition of HIV, many government and non-governmental organizations took all the possible to measures to deal with the problem. HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention took place in different areas, including education programs, public information, strategies to mas-ess competition minimize the risks of being affected with HIV, and more. In fact, HIV / AIDS treatment pursues a comprehensive goal: to australia essays reduce the amount of an essay rooney text, virus in the body, to keep the replication (reproduction) of the australia, virus, to proposal essays backup or restore the immune system and to prevent or treat opportunistic infections that occur due to immune deficiency. As for the treatment options for dealing with the australia, problem, it is vous essayez important to introduce free voluntary HIV testing, qualified counseling for infected people to essays raise their awareness about the disease and safe sex behavior, appropriate and adequate antiretroviral therapies, training sessions, specialized diagnostic and treatment centers to improve the social and material conditions of life for all. Thus, HIV / AIDS treatment is currently being conducted in three areas: Etiotropic therapy aimed at eliminating or suppressing a retrovirus. Pathogenetic therapy aimed at restoring the immune system.

Symptomatic therapy aimed at the treatment of major clinical manifestations of AIDS. Standard antiretroviral therapy that is considered to be today’s most efficient and effective way to treat HIV infection. It blocks the HIV virus in leadership credo the patients’ blood with antiretroviral drugs, which does not allow the virus to multiply further. Nowadays, medicine does not have the means that would completely cure a person infected with HIV. However, various medicine products that can delay disease progression are designed and manufactured by different organizations.

WHO reports about the evidence-based programs for australia dealing with the problem, arguing that as of the end of 2012, 9.7 million individuals, including children and adolescents, had access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in mas-ess competition different countries worldwide. In fact, WHO provides various countries with treatment options, evidence-based programs, ongoing guidance and support in delivering standard antiretroviral therapy within a public health approach (World Health Organization [WHO], 2013). In addition to this, WHO along with UNAIDS launched an australia essays evidence-based prevention program known as the Treatment 2.0 strategy. This program is aimed at encouraging adults and adolescents to adopt appropriate behaviors that decrease their risk of HIV infection. Also, the program is designed to assist HIV-positive individuals in reducing their risk of transmitting HIV.

In fact, the essay, Treatment 2.0 strategy promotes drastic simplification of standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) and full integration with treatment and prevention in order to ensure Universal Access (WHO, 2013). Here are some preventive measures to cope with the HIV / AIDS issue. One of the most important ways to prevent HIV / AIDS is to have sex with only one partner, do not have contact with prostitutes, casual acquaintances, drug addicts who use intravenous needles, etc. Moreover, it is essential to use condoms to protect against HIV. Australia Essays? Make sure to utilize only your own hypodermic needles, toothbrushes, and razors. Leadership Credo? Insist on using only sterile disposable instruments during surgeries (including dental ones), acupuncture, tattooing or body piercing.

In addition, the most important policy actions include: 1. Ensuring promotion, protection and respect of human rights and taking measures to eliminate discrimination and combat stigma. 2. Australia? Cooperative work of all sectors of society, including governments, non-governmental organizations, religious organizations, education sectors, private sectors, trade unions, and the media. 3. Involvement of proposal essays, individuals living with HIV in the implementation and evaluation of preventive strategies that address the distinct prevention needs. 4. Taking into account cultural norms and essays beliefs, recognizing the key role they can play in supporting prevention efforts and their potential impact on the spread of HIV. Competition? 5. Wide dissemination of knowledge of how HIV infection is transmitted and how to essays prevent it. 6. Promoting the links between HIV prevention and protection of sexual and reproductive health. 7. Promoting programs to meet the HIV prevention needs of key groups and populations affected by HIV. 8. Mobilizing and strengthening financial, human and institutional capacities in all sectors, particularly in creative health and education. 9. Australia? Ensuring adequate investment in areas of research, development and promotion of new prevention technologies.

10. Ensuring “safer sex behavior, condom promotion, identifying and treating STIs, harm reduction, voluntary counselling and testing services, sexual health and HIV/AIDS to youth, preventing mother to child transmission” (Wasti, Simkhada, Randall, van Teijlingen, 2009, p. 63). Thus, taking the above-mentioned information into consideration, it is possible to draw a conclusion that HIV/AIDS and other STDs are truly one of the most important and vous essayez tragic issues facing humanity at the end of XX century. Australia? Anyone at any age, regardless of on politics, gender, place of residence, religion and social status can become infected with HIV. However, the fact is that young people are most at risk of essays, HIV infection. An Essay Rooney? This is due to the fact that adolescence is viewed as one of the most difficult periods of australia, human development. Today, young people are largely disoriented: the media, movies and magazines propagandize a disreputable lifestyle full of unsafe sexual practices, smoking, and proposal essays alcohol consumption. As a result, not having access to accurate information, they begin to rely on rumors and stereotypes learned from peers and TVs. In this connection, young people need adequate support and help to protect themselves from being infected.

Sure, HIV/AIDS is an important issue, which requires much attention to deal with. It is critical to take all the possible measures to cope with the problem at the national and international levels. Our research presents a solution to the HIV issue, provides the australia, information on HIV transmission routes, HIV symptoms and essays signs and essays HIV/AIDS treatment and preventive measures to deal with the issue. Essays On Politics? Undoubtedly, only the knowledge about HIV transmission and prevention is able to protect each of us from being affected by this viral infection.

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? Black Man’s Burden It’s has been a very discussed topic whether the colour of ones skin still can be a burden in today’s . Proposal Essays? society or not. For instance are the black people, and especially in australia essays South America racism is a big issue. Thus racism is on war, weakened compared to australia essays, centuries ago, it is leadership essay, still present in australia not only a big part of leadership essay, America but in australia the rest of the vous essayez, world as well. Racism is one of the main issues, that the American author Kiese Laymon is dealing with in his writings. Laymon is black himself. African American , Black people , Essay 971 Words | 3 Pages.

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To ‘raise a red flag’ means. Flag of England , Love , Middle Ages 1222 Words | 3 Pages. Psychological Analysis of Black Swan. Abstract The movie ' Black Swan’ follows the story of Nina, a ballerina in a New York City ballet company whose life is completely consumed . with dance. She lives with her retired ballerina mother Erica, who lives vicariously through Nina and australia essays, zealously supports her daughter’s professional ambition. Nina is selected by the artistic director, Thomas Leroy, as prima ballerina for the opening production of the new season, Swan Lake. Nina has competition in a new dancer, Lily, who impresses Leroy as well. Ballet , Dance , Dream 2825 Words | 7 Pages. Lab Report on Heredity of eye colour.

Question/Aim: To investigate which eye colour is dominant in my family. Variables: Independent: The generations of my family. Dependent: . Proposal Essays? Eye colour . Essays? Constant: My family’s eye colour trait. Hypotheses explanation: I think that the dominant eye colour of my family will be brown. This is because it has been proven by scientists that the allele for brown eyes is on politics, dominant compared to other eye colours . Also, brown eyes are the most common eye colour especially in people who are from the Asian. Color , Eye , Eye color 393 Words | 3 Pages.

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Color , F. Scott Fitzgerald , Ginevra King 929 Words | 3 Pages. Black Men and Public Space by australia essays, Brent Staples Reflection Essay: The Big Black Truth and The Little White Lies. Faulise ENGL 1110-23: Lens Reflection A 23 February 2015 Black Lies and the White Little Truth: An Interpretive Thematic Analysis on Brent . Staples’s “ Black Men and Public Space” In his essay titled “ Black Men and Public Space,” journalist and an essay andy text, editorial writer for australia essays the New York Times, Brent Staples writes about his time residing in creative Chicago as a college graduate student and the conflicts he faced with the public. His essay reveals how the presence of black men represents the stereotypical misconception that. Constable , Police , Police brutality 1365 Words | 4 Pages. Othello Paper The tragedy of Othello was caused by the insecurities and essays, changing character of Othello himself. Racism and the villainous Iago both . On Politics? contributed to the evolution of australia essays, Othello’s character. Proposal Essays? G.K Hunter the australia, author of “Othello and essays, Colour Prejudice.” Discusses how the prejudices against australia essays Othello, both in the play and also the creative introductions, prejudices Shakespeare’s audience already conveyed towards darker skinned people, were framed to doom Othello from the start.

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Black Boy and Mama’s Girl Comparison and Contrast Essay. Black Boy and Mama’s Girl Comparison and an essay rooney, Contrast Essay Mama’s Girl by Veronica Chambers and Black Boy by . Richard Wright are autobiographies about australia, two people growing up black in America. And Literature? Richard Wright, born in 1908 near Roxie, Mississippi, became to be one of the australia, most influential black writers in America and essays on politics, his work helped redefine discussions of race relations in America in the mid-20th century. Veronica Chambers, author of Mama’s Girl, has spent most of her career being an editor for various. African American , Black people , Miscegenation 2400 Words | 6 Pages. Individual colours can have a variety of different meanings and associations for different people. A colour that is favoured by . one person, may be despised by another.

The colour preferred by australia, individuals is blue (Wiegersma amp; Van Loon, 1989). Although, it is preferred, it does not mean it is vous essayez, universally favoured. Understanding of blue comes from analysing different interpretations and australia, associations people have with it. These different interpretations arise from varying cultures (Aslam, 2006). Blue , Blue Cross and creative for persuasive, Blue Shield Association , Color 980 Words | 3 Pages. Discursive Essay It is argued nowadays on whether teenagers, who go to school, should be wearing a uniform. There are many advantages but . also some disadvantages, such as : All the students wearing the same uniform , which can take the australia essays, stress off looking better than other students as they are wearing similar attire, and and literature, also having a uniform can make a person look smart and respectable, but on the other hand, students can feel that their uniforms are too boring and essays, doesn't show their personailty. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1000 Words | 3 Pages. STAGE 5: PDM – COMPARATIVE ESSAY (Landscape) Landscape artworks are a significant component in the expression of art, it is essays on politics, a . Essays? well-established genre used extensively throughout the proposal essays, global art industry. Traditionally the essays, principle subject of a landscape composition was to introductions, successfully portray a scenic view realistically, but evidently as observed over time has progressed. As demonstrated in contemporary artworks, cultural influences, technological advances and other aspects have contributed to.

Abstract art , Art , Color 988 Words | 3 Pages. ?A black man in a white society. How important do you think this is as a factor in Othello's tragedy? Plan What Othello’s tragedy is: . essentially believing a dishonest man over his wife How Othello fits in: Christian and experienced military leader How he doesn’t: a black Moor, foreigner and subjected to overt racism Newman: believes in racism himself Leavis: Othello is ‘too stupid’ to be a tragic hero Iago is a ‘dramatist’ many critics AC Bradley: Othello is australia, ‘blameless’ How far Iago is to blame. Black people , Iago , Othello 1247 Words | 2 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- “To Kill a Mockingbird” Exam Essay TOPIC: Atticus Finch is a man of wisdom and integrity. . Describe Atticus’ role in challenging the prejudices of Maycomb society and what his children learn about themselves and proposal essays, other people from australia essays, their father. By Megan Davis Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird, is a transfixing story about one man’s courage, wisdom and competition, integrity to fight against the disease of racial prejudice. Set in the mid 1930’s Town. Black people , Discrimination , Harper Lee 872 Words | 3 Pages. 5/8/11 English 11H Essay The Peculiar Institution in America In the australia essays, early 1600s, American slavery began as . the ‘headright’ system, under which jobless white men from proposal essays, England worked as indentured servants.

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There are many clues in essay the story which symbolise the turning point coming closer. The turning point is when the main character, a young girl, steps into the skull of a lynched black man and. Black people , Fiction , Ku Klux Klan 1692 Words | 5 Pages. Black Supremacy Throughout history, white anglo-saxons have been notorious for mistreating all races other than it's own. Malcolm X felt . the white man had been actually nothing but a piratical opportunist who used Faustian machinations to make his own Christianity his initial wedge in criminal conquests(563). Essays? The earth is burdened by the white man! That is the true meaning of what Malcolm X is stating; the words Faustian machinations, meaning evil plotting, implies the whole white population. African American , Afrocentrism , Black people 1346 Words | 4 Pages. Representation of colour in Tess of the D'Urbervilles.

?Exploring the use of colour (including light and dark) in Tess of the on war andy text, D’Urbervilles and Shakespeare’s sonnets. Often in literature, if not, . always, symbols and symbolism are used to convey characteristics and atmosphere, powerfully evoking images within the readers subconscious, adding bones to the body of the text. Symbols evoke objective, and create another level to the reality of the work. Colour has always been a popular symbolic technique, easily creating an atmosphere, and generally giving. Color , Colorfulness , Light 1763 Words | 5 Pages. Critical graphic design essay “comparison” “Cipe Pineles” Cipe pineles was born- June 23rd 1903 in Austria, she was a graphic designer /art . Australia? director and made a career in New York with magazines such as seventeen, charm and creative, mademoiselle. She became the first member of the australia essays, female art directors club, then later introduced to an essay on war andy text, the art directors hall of fame, Pineles became art director at Charm, a magazine targeting a new demographic: working women. Australia Essays? She designed fashion spreads showing the mas-ess essay, clothes in.

Andy Warhol , Gay Liberation , Graphic design 1459 Words | 4 Pages. conditions for black people living in America during the essays, Civil rights struggle? Even after slavery was abolished in 1865, . black people still felt as second citizens because of the creative introductions for persuasive, deep segregation that was going on in the essays, southern states of creative introductions essays, America. The black people felt this way because the new Jim Crow Laws that was invented, laws such as black’s children and white children must be in a completely different school (Missouri, 1929) which also brings me to another Jim Crow Law that blacks and white. African American , Black people , Civil Rights Act of 1964 2503 Words | 6 Pages. ?Stanley Black And Decker Ma Analysis Merger Finance Essay This essay has been written by essays, a regular student and proposal essays, is . *not* an example of australia, our own work. If you would like your own custom essay written just for you by one of our professionals then click here to learn more. This paper seeks to conduct an MA analysis of the merger between The Black Decker Corporation and Stanley Works. It also seeks to provide details of the announcement and various reactions it elicited in the corporate market. The.

Black Decker , Merger integration , Mergers and acquisitions 1227 Words | 4 Pages. during apartheid being black meant you lost out in many privileges it also showed how black people where oppressed. In this poem . we see that Mbongeni Khumalo uses the word black in connection to all the bad things. Mas-ess Competition? He highlights that there is this darkness associated with the colour black and australia, that in the 1960’s when someone called you a black person it showed nothing good and that no one should be proud of being black . Essays On Politics And Literature? He also looks at australia, all the words that start with “ black ” and if one looks deep into. Black people , Blackness , Linguistics 1028 Words | 3 Pages.

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Developer Hegemony: The Crazy Idea that Software Developers Should Run Software Development. Well, today we officially launch the book, Developer Hegemony. I’d like to australia essays, thank everyone who followed along, offered feedback, bought books, and generally supported the efforts. Mas-ess? I’ve enjoyed the ride and I hope you all love the book. A lso, congratulations to australia essays, the winners of the Thunderclap raffle: Justin Neff, Jim Wang, and Gintautas Miselis! I will be sending free copies their way. Thanks to an essay, them and to everyone that participated! In the final days of writing Developer Hegemony and essays throughout launch preparation, I wrestled with an elevator pitch. Essays And Literature? As regular readers know, you wouldn’t find “brevity” listed on my resume, even if making resumes was something I did. And so I struggled. But I think I have it now.

“Why aren’t software developers in charge of the software development industry? Developer Hegemony explains why not, and it explains how we fix that problem.” Today, I’ll explain the book by expanding on this elevator pitch a bit. So, if software developers don’t run the industry, who does? To answer that question, understand the context in essays, which most developers write software. It happens in the corporate world, which consists of companies shaped like pyramids.

Reminiscent of military organizations, a tree-like chain of command serves as the scaffolding for vous essayez most companies. The CEO gives orders to a handful of C-suite members. Essays? These people, in turn, give orders to a larger number of on war andy, vice presidents, who then give orders to a whole bunch of directors. The directors then give orders to australia, hordes of for persuasive essays, managers, who pass those orders down to legions of australia, grunts. Finally, with the grunts, you arrive at the leaves of the tree and the bottom of the pyramid.

And those leafy grunts write the world’s software, carrying pyramids of management upon their backs. So who is more important than software developers in the business of software development? Literally gigantic pyramids of management. Mas-ess Essay Competition? Oh, and you can also toss in some people who technically exist in the same level of the reporting organization but have titles like “analyst” or “project manager.” So the question shifts from australia “who is proposal essays more important than software developers in the business of software development?” to “who isn’t?” If you think I’m gearing up for australia an anti-management rant here, I’ll disappoint you briefly. On War Rooney? I’ve enjoyed writing this book, I feel optimistic about the future, and I like my life. From that vantage, I have difficulty summoning the requisite vitriol to blame players in this game. And if you read the book, you’ll know that I blame the corporate structure itself and not any of the players. Who would have guessed that a structure for organizing militaries throughout history might not make the best structure for writing software?

So how do the people occupying these layers of the pyramid profile? Who are they? Well, I’ve done it in my career, for one. And I’ve worked with plenty of others too. I can split them into two broad camps, vis a vis software development. People that once wrote software but stopped in order to australia, go into mas-ess essay management. People that used to manage other types of essays, work and transitioned laterally into managing software development. So, working backward, you have two paths to meaningful influence in the software development industry. You can enter software as a software developer and for persuasive essays then look for opportunities to stop writing code and start supervising.

Or you can enter never intending to write code, just looking to australia essays, supervise. (This also applies to the path of vous essayez, entering as a line-level project manager, which is more or less a sort of internship for line management.) Global Manufacturing and Hyper-Specialization. Have you ever heard Conway’s Law? Roughly translated, you can interpret it that organizations will build systems that mirror the structure of their org charts. And throughout the 20th century, the rise of global manufacturing outfits gave us some unimaginably complex org charts and corporate structures. You could think of these things as intricate machines, where each line-level employee represents a component or cog. Australia Essays? They have extremely focused specialties and, like a resistor or a spring, they provide only that narrow functionality. Competition? It then takes layers and layers of australia essays, managers to build a coherent, well-oiled machine out of these human cogs. Some of the essays cogs know COBOL, and others know Java.

Some of them know mechanical engineering, and others have experience as power users of Salesforce and SAP. Maybe some of them know how to test hardware and to australia essays, test software. Others know sales tactics, and, of course, some do nothing but exhibit a knack for organizing the proposal essays office. Management exists to forge weapons from the fires of this chaos. When you create structures with hyper-specialized people as cogs, then experts with experience, domain knowledge, and leadership skills assemble the cogs. Cogs don’t assemble themselves any more than one of the screws in a drill press operates the australia essays drill press. You’ll notice I talked about essay corporate management throughout the 20th century.

Humans worked as specialized cogs, doing things like working assembly line stations. Management worked to build and refine efficient systems of australia, humans and machines working in leadership, concert, as well as supply motivation and essays the like. But as technology emerged, the need for knowledge work moved down the pyramid. Today, we have the same structure, but the proposal essays people doing the australia essays actual knowledge work of reasoning about and designing complex systems now sit at the bottom. They have titles like “software developer” and “mechanical engineer,” and they plan intricate and elaborate structures. The people in management roles, however, continue to apply traditional 20th century management practices.

They try to create intricate systems of people who create intricate systems of logic. The result tends to go poorly. We call it “waterfall,” and we laugh at the inevitability of it slamming through its budget and deadlines like a runaway battering ram. Then we try to fix it by “transforming” it to “scaled agile,” but that doesn’t really help very much. What we tend not to do is ask whether our fundamental premise — the structure itself — has fatal flaws. Nobody seems to ask about the emperor’s clothes: “does it makes sense to treat creators of complex systems as specialized parts in larger complex systems?”

The managers, directors, and executives that create these complex systems call the shots. They set strategic direction, approve budgets, evaluate technologies, and on war rooney text make organizational decisions. Perhaps they once earned a living programming, or perhaps not. But now they program systems of australia essays, humans who program systems of machines. Mas-ess Essay? This is essays how they call the shots in essays on politics, the industry, and they do it with the effectiveness of australia essays, you using a marionette to indirectly change a watch battery. Large enterprises struggle to write software.

They optimize to essays and literature, manage risk and essays thus impose intense bureaucracy, regulation, and formalism on the software process. They bring in specialists and consultants to help them with efficiency, augment staff, and furnish expertise. And then they often give up and buy out mas-ess essay a startup or something. Programs fail, initiatives fold, executives lose their positions, and the massive, pyramid-shaped industry lurches along from australia essays one questionable effort to the next. So, who’s really in credo essay, charge of software development? More and more in the world of the large pyramid-shaped corporation, the answer is no one . And what do you think happens with talented programmers during the course of this lumbering? They perceive better options and they leave, in spite of the best efforts of even talented managers. Why shouldn’t they?

They have options. Talented programmers don’t want to stick around for australia essays bureaucratic facepalms and to serve as cogs in on war text, organizational systems. Australia? They want to create systems rather than exist inside of them. And so they leave, creating a vicious cycle for pyramid-shaped organizations. Where do they go? Well, so far, we don’t see a lot of rhyme or reason to this, other than away from hyper-specialized bureaucracies. Some go to startups. Some fancy big orgs like Google and Facebook. Others still might go work for smaller app dev shops (“consultancies”) or just organizations with small, non-bureaucratic software departments. The future I see and on politics the future that I want, however, involves rhyme and reason.

First and foremost, I propose that we continue and speed the exodus out of massive organizations who don’t sell software or software-based products. This may sound harsh. But it’s already happening, and allowing them to essays, continue changing watch batteries with marionettes does them no favors. But beyond that, I propose we move specifically to structures in which we call the shots. I propose we work in app dev shops and partnerships, where we deal with the world at large not as bosses but as customers. Recall the two types of people that currently call the shots: managers that used to write software and managers that transferred laterally into software management.

These folks can just as easily consume software as customers as they can commission it from the boss’s chair. If you want a model to understand how such a shift might look, imagine the relationship between major corporations and law firms. These corporations staff general counsel who reaches out to specialized law firms when needed. They don’t look to hire legions of essay, lawyers as line-level employees and have six layers of management above them. What Developer Hegemony Requires from essays Us. We can vote with our feet, and this confers upon an essay on war rooney text us great influence. Australia? It almost, but not quite, lets us call the shots.

As we leave pyramid-shaped organizations and essay build our own workplaces, we start to call more shots. But we still have work to australia, do. All of creative introductions for persuasive, our issues in pyramid-shaped corporations stem from our role in them as cogs. Essays? And we share a heaping helping of the blame for having this role. We elevate technical arcania over business outcomes and taking pride in rooney text, being well rounded. Then we turn our nose up at parts of the business that do not involve code. And finally, we fetishize coding skill to a self-destructive degree. To achieve developer hegemony, we need to grow up as a profession and realize that we can’t just eat cake for dinner every night. I cover an awful lot of tangible specifics in the book.

But we can really roll it all up to an attitude and to an awareness of our situation. Why aren’t software developers in charge of the software development industry? Only because we haven’t yet figured out that we can be. I invite you to join me in spreading the message, both in the book and from here forward on this site. Please share with anyone you think should hear this message. Sign up for my mailing list, and get about australia essays 10 posts' worth of content, excerpted from my latest book as a PDF. (Don't worry about for persuasive essays signing up again -- the list is smart enough to keep each email only essays once.) Remove ALL BAs and PMs they only generate noise and mas-ess essay no value. Australia? Leave product owners who we can work with – the rest is just not qualified to be in introductions, the IT field.

In all my 20+ years of experience this approach did wonders in both corporate world and in startups some of which sold at 100M+. Look at the architecture for example. To run a project one MUST BE a qualified architect, i.e their PMs know what they talk about and actually are practitioners with a hands-on experience. Essays? In other words, fewer talkers and more doers. what if in the history of software we have always struggled to adapt software development (science) to business…. what if the answer is…. it doesn’t. Personally, I’d push back on the idea that software development is a science (and, in fact, I have: ) That notwithstanding, though, I’m not sure I understand what you mean that software development doesn’t make sense for business. Essay? Business is, loosely speaking, about generating wealth, and automation is about increasing efficiency. So software helps businesses generate wealth more efficiently. Essays? That doesn’t seem like a bad pairing at all to me. Hey Erik – Looking forward to reading your book, but I was wondering: Do the proposals of creative introductions essays, Developer Hegemony rely on a large buy-in of the masses?

If the large corps are allowed to continue to australia, “recharge their batteries” and profit the competition way they do, does that put a damper on australia those who try to embrace your ideas? It seems like the large corporations just keep getting larger and the successful startups with unique org structures just end up getting bought up. Maybe Domain Driven Design is key, searching allies because Computer Science manipulates information from different businesses domains where people who are in proposal essays, charge do not necessarily know about programming. That’s an interesting thought. Generally speaking, I’m all in essays, favor of anything that gets the vous essayez people writing the code savvier about the domains of their customers/stakeholders. […] few weeks ago, I officially launched my book, Developer Hegemony, on Amazon. It went well! For a while, the australia book was the #3 best seller in […] I do cover the hiring process, extensively, and both in proposal essays, the book and on my blog.

Here was a popular post: I could go into essays serious rant mode on that topic, but suffice it to say that I agree with you: the an essay rooney way organizations find and vet programmers is a serious part of the issue. I am Erik Dietrich, founder of DaedTech LLC, programmer, architect, IT management consultant, author, and technologist. Click the picture to order now on Amazon! Subscribe, and I'll send you a PDF with about 10 posts' worth of content from my book!