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Essay role engineers developing india

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bowlby essay R. Chris Fraley | University of Illinois. Research on developing adult attachment is guided by on christianity and islam, the assumption that the engineers developing, same motivational system that gives rise to essay on the movie society, the close emotional bond between parents and essay developing india their children is essay on the dead poet responsible for the bond that develops between adults in emotionally intimate relationships. The objective of this essay is to provide a brief overview of the history of adult attachment research, the engineers developing, key theoretical ideas, and a sampling of some of the research findings. This essay has been written for people who are interested in learning more about research on thesis on christianity and islam adult attachment. Background: Bowlby's Theory of Attachment. The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby (1907 - 1990), a British psychoanalyst who was attempting to understand the intense distress experienced by infants who had been separated from their parents. Bowlby observed that separated infants would go to extraordinary lengths (e.g., crying, clinging, frantically searching) to prevent separation from their parents or to reestablish proximity to essay india, a missing parent. At the time of new year essays Bowlby's initial writings, psychoanalytic writers held that these expressions were manifestations of immature defense mechanisms that were operating to repress emotional pain, but Bowlby noted that such expressions are common to a wide variety of mammalian species, and speculated that these behaviors may serve an evolutionary function. Essay Engineers Developing. Drawing on ethological theory, Bowlby postulated that these attachment behaviors , such as crying and ethics paper searching, were adaptive responses to engineers india, separation from a primary attachment figure --someone who provides support, protection, and care. Because human infants, like other mammalian infants, cannot feed or protect themselves, they are dependent upon the care and oxford university protection of older and wiser adults. Bowlby argued that, over the course of developing india evolutionary history, infants who were able to maintain proximity to an attachment figure via attachment behaviors would be more likely to survive to articles, a reproductive age.

According to Bowlby, a motivational system, what he called the attachment behavioral system , was gradually designed by natural selection to regulate proximity to an attachment figure. Essay Role Developing. The attachment behavior system is an university important concept in essay developing, attachment theory because it provides the conceptual linkage between ethological models of human development and modern theories on emotion regulation and personality. According to Bowlby, the attachment system essentially asks the following fundamental question: Is the essays, attachment figure nearby, accessible, and essay engineers india attentive? If the child perceives the answer to ethics, this question to be yes, he or she feels loved, secure, and confident, and, behaviorally, is essay engineers india likely to explore his or her environment, play with others, and be sociable. If, however, the university, child perceives the answer to this question to be no, the child experiences anxiety and, behaviorally, is role engineers developing india likely to exhibit attachment behaviors ranging from simple visual searching on the low extreme to active following and vocal signaling on why do resign the other (see Figure 1). These behaviors continue until either the child is able to reestablish a desirable level of physical or psychological proximity to the attachment figure, or until the child wears down, as may happen in the context of a prolonged separation or loss. In such cases, Bowlby believed that young children experienced profound despair and depression. Individual Differences in india, Infant Attachment Patterns. Although Bowlby believed that the basic dynamics described above captured the normative dynamics of the attachment behavioral system, he recognized that there are individual differences in the way children appraise the accessibility of the attachment figure and how they regulate their attachment behavior in response to term, threats. However, it wasn't until his colleague, Mary Ainsworth (1913 – 1999), began to systematically study infant-parent separations that a formal understanding of these individual differences was articulated.

Ainsworth and her students developed a technique called the strange situation --a laboratory paradigm for essay engineers, studying infant-parent attachment. In the strange situation, 12-month-old infants and their parents are brought to the laboratory and, systematically, separated from and thesis and islam reunited with one another. In the developing india, strange situation, most children (i.e., about 60%) behave in the way implied by Bowlby's normative theory. They become upset when the parent leaves the room, but, when he or she returns, they actively seek the thesis, parent and are easily comforted by engineers developing, him or her. On The Movie Society. Children who exhibit this pattern of behavior are often called secure . Other children (about 20% or less) are ill-at-ease initially, and, upon separation, become extremely distressed. Importantly, when reunited with their parents, these children have a difficult time being soothed, and often exhibit conflicting behaviors that suggest they want to essay role developing, be comforted, but that they also want to punish the thesis on christianity and islam, parent for role india, leaving. These children are often called anxious-resistant . The third pattern of attachment that Ainsworth and her colleagues documented is called avoidant . Avoidant children (about 20%) don't appear too distressed by the separation, and, upon reunion, actively avoid seeking contact with their parent, sometimes turning their attention to play objects on the laboratory floor. Ainsworth's work was important for at least three reasons. First, she provided one of the first empirical demonstrations of how attachment behavior is patterned in on christianity and islam, both safe and frightening contexts.

Second, she provided the first empirical taxonomy of individual differences in infant attachment patterns. According to essay, her research, at least three types of children exist: those who are secure in their relationship with their parents, those who are anxious-resistant, and those who are anxious-avoidant. Finally, she demonstrated that these individual differences were correlated with infant-parent interactions in the home during the first year of ethics paper term life. Children who appear secure in essay role, the strange situation, for example, tend to have parents who are responsive to paper, their needs. Essay India. Children who appear insecure in the strange situation (i.e., anxious-resistant or avoidant) often have parents who are insensitive to their needs, or inconsistent or rejecting in the care they provide. In the years that have followed, a number of researchers have demonstrated links between early parental sensitivity and responsiveness and attachment security. Although Bowlby was primarily focused on understanding the nature of the infant-caregiver relationship, he believed that attachment characterized human experience from the cradle to the grave. It was not until the mid-1980's, however, that researchers began to take seriously the possibility that attachment processes may play out in adulthood.

Hazan and Shaver (1987) were two of the first researchers to explore Bowlby's ideas in the context of romantic relationships. According to Hazan and Shaver, the emotional bond that develops between adult romantic partners is partly a function of the same motivational system--the attachment behavioral system--that gives rise to the emotional bond between infants and movie dead poet society their caregivers. Hazan and developing india Shaver noted that the relationship between infants and new year essays caregivers and the relationship between adult romantic partners share the following features: both feel safe when the other is nearby and essay role engineers developing responsive both engage in close, intimate, bodily contact both feel insecure when the essays for kids, other is inaccessible both share discoveries with one another both play with one another's facial features and exhibit a mutual fascination and preoccupation with one another both engage in baby talk On the basis of these parallels, Hazan and Shaver argued that adult romantic relationships, like infant-caregiver relationships, are attachments, and that romantic love is a property of the attachment behavioral system, as well as the role engineers, motivational systems that give rise to caregiving and sexuality. Three Implications of Adult Attachment Theory.

The idea that romantic relationships may be attachment relationships has had a profound influence on modern research on new year essays close relationships. There are at least three critical implications of this idea. Essay Role Engineers. First, if adult romantic relationships are attachment relationships, then we should observe the why do ministers, same kinds of individual differences in role engineers developing india, adult relationships that Ainsworth observed in infant-caregiver relationships . We may expect some adults, for example, to be secure in their relationships--to feel confident that their partners will be there for them when needed, and open to depending on others and having others depend on them. We should expect other adults, in contrast, to be insecure in thesis, their relationships. For example, some insecure adults may be anxious-resistant : they worry that others may not love them completely, and role be easily frustrated or angered when their attachment needs go unmet. Others may be avoidant : they may appear not to care too much about close relationships, and may prefer not to be too dependent upon other people or to have others be too dependent upon them. Second, if adult romantic relationships are attachment relationships, then the way adult relationships work should be similar to good articles research, the way infant-caregiver relationships work . In other words, the same kinds of factors that facilitate exploration in children (i.e., having a responsive caregiver) should facilitate exploration among adults (i.e., having a responsive partner). The kinds of things that make an attachment figure desirable for infants (i.e., responsiveness, availability) are the engineers developing india, kinds of factors adults should find desirable in romantic partners.

In short, individual differences in attachment should influence relational and personal functioning in adulthood in the same way they do in childhood. Third, whether an adult is secure or insecure in his or her adult relationships may be a partial reflection of his or her experiences with his or her primary caregivers . Bowlby believed that the essays for kids, mental representations or working models (i.e., expectations, beliefs, rules or scripts for role india, behaving and thinking) that a child holds regarding relationships are a function of and islam his or her caregiving experiences. Role Developing India. For example, a secure child tends to dead poet, believe that others will be there for him or her because previous experiences have led him or her to this conclusion. Once a child has developed such expectations, he or she will tend to seek out relational experiences that are consistent with those expectations and perceive others in a way that is colored by those beliefs. According to essay role engineers developing, Bowlby, this kind of essays for kids process should promote continuity in attachment patterns over the life course, although it is possible that a person's attachment pattern will change if his or her relational experiences are inconsistent with his or her expectations. Essay Role Engineers Developing. In short, if we assume that adult relationships are attachment relationships, it is possible that children who are secure as children will grow up to be secure in their romantic relationships. Or, relatedly, that people who are secure as adults in new year for kids, their relationships with their parents will be more likely to forge secure relationships with new partners. In the sections below I briefly address these three implications in light of early and contemporary research on adult attachment. Do We Observe the Same Kinds of Attachment Patterns Among Adults that We Observe Among Children?

The earliest research on adult attachment involved studying the association between individual differences in essay role engineers developing, adult attachment and paper the way people think about their relationships and their memories for what their relationships with their parents are like. Hazan and Shaver (1987) developed a simple questionnaire to measure these individual differences. (These individual differences are often referred to as attachment styles , attachment patterns , attachment orientations , or differences in the organization of the attachment system .) In short, Hazan and Shaver asked research subjects to read the three paragraphs listed below, and indicate which paragraph best characterized the way they think, feel, and behave in close relationships: A. I am somewhat uncomfortable being close to others; I find it difficult to trust them completely, difficult to allow myself to depend on them. I am nervous when anyone gets too close, and often, others want me to be more intimate than I feel comfortable being. B. I find it relatively easy to get close to others and am comfortable depending on them and having them depend on me. I don't worry about being abandoned or about someone getting too close to me. C. Essay Engineers Developing. I find that others are reluctant to get as close as I would like. I often worry that my partner doesn't really love me or won't want to stay with me. I want to get very close to my partner, and paper this sometimes scares people away.

Based on this three-category measure, Hazan and Shaver found that the distribution of categories was similar to that observed in infancy. In other words, about essay developing india, 60% of adults classified themselves as secure (paragraph B), about 20% described themselves as avoidant (paragraph A), and about 20% described themselves as anxious-resistant (paragraph C). Ethics Paper. Although this measure served as a useful way to study the association between attachment styles and relationship functioning, it didn't allow a full test of the hypothesis that the same kinds of individual differences observed in infants might be manifest among adults. (In many ways, the Hazan and Shaver measure assumed this to be true.) Subsequent research has explored this hypothesis in a variety of ways. For example, Kelly Brennan and her colleagues collected a number of statements (e.g., I believe that others will be there for me when I need them) and essay engineers studied the way these statements hang together statistically (Brennan, Clark, Shaver, 1998). Brennan's findings suggested that there are two fundamental dimensions with respect to adult attachment patterns (see Figure 2). One critical variable has been labeled attachment-related anxiety . People who score high on this variable tend to worry whether their partner is available, responsive, attentive, etc. People who score on the low end of this variable are more secure in essays, the perceived responsiveness of their partners.

The other critical variable is called attachment-related avoidance . Developing India. People on the high end of new year this dimension prefer not to rely on others or open up to others. Role Developing. People on the low end of this dimension are more comfortable being intimate with others and new year for kids are more secure depending upon and having others depend upon them. A prototypical secure adult is engineers developing low on both of these dimensions. And Islam. Brennan's findings are critical because recent analyses of the statistical patterning of behavior among infants in essay role, the strange situation reveal two functionally similar dimensions: one that captures variability in the anxiety and resistance of the child and another that captures variability in the child's willingness to use the parent as a safe haven for support (see Fraley Spieker, 2003a, 2003b). Functionally, these dimensions are similar to the two-dimensions uncovered among adults, suggesting that similar patterns of attachment exist at different points in the life span. In light of essays for kids Brennan's findings, as well as taxometric research published by role engineers, Fraley and Waller (1998), most researchers currently conceptualize and thesis on christianity measure individual differences in attachment dimensionally rather than categorically.

That is, it is developing india assumed that attachment styles are things that vary in degree rather than kind. The most popular measures of adult attachment style are Brennan, Clark, and Shaver's (1998) ECR and Fraley, Waller, and Brennan's (2000) ECR-R--a revised version of the ECR. [Click here to take an on-line quiz designed to determine your attachment style based on these two dimensions.] Both of these self-report instruments provide continuous scores on the two dimensions of attachment-related anxiety and avoidance. [Click here to articles, learn more about self-report measures of individual differences in essay engineers india, adult attachment.] Do Adult Romantic Relationships Work in the Same Way that Infant-Caregiver Relationships Work? There is thesis on christianity and islam now an increasing amount of research that suggests that adult romantic relationships function in ways that are similar to infant-caregiver relationships, with some noteworthy exceptions, of course. Naturalistic research on adults separating from role engineers developing, their partners at an airport demonstrated that behaviors indicative of attachment-related protest and caregiving were evident, and that the regulation of paper these behaviors was associated with attachment style (Fraley Shaver, 1998). Role Engineers Developing. For example, while separating couples generally showed more attachment behavior than nonseparating couples, highly avoidant adults showed much less attachment behavior than less avoidant adults. In the sections below I discuss some of the parallels that have been discovered between the way that infant-caregiver relationships and adult romantic relationships function. Cross-cultural studies suggest that the secure pattern of attachment in thesis and islam, infancy is universally considered the most desirable pattern by role, mothers (see van IJzendoorn Sagi, 1999). Good Paper. For obvious reasons there is no similar study asking infants if they would prefer a security-inducing attachment figure. Essay. Adults seeking long-term relationships identify responsive caregiving qualities, such as attentiveness, warmth, and sensitivity, as most attractive in potential dating partners (Zeifman Hazan, 1997). Despite the attractiveness of secure qualities, however, not all adults are paired with secure partners.

Some evidence suggests that people end up in relationships with partners who confirm their existing beliefs about thesis and islam, attachment relationships (Frazier et al., 1997). Secure base and safe haven behavior. In infancy, secure infants tend to be the most well adjusted, in the sense that they are relatively resilient, they get along with their peers, and are well liked. Similar kinds of patterns have emerged in research on adult attachment. Overall, secure adults tend to be more satisfied in their relationships than insecure adults. Their relationships are characterized by greater longevity, trust, commitment, and essay india interdependence (e.g., Feeney, Noller, Callan, 1994), and they are more likely to why do ministers resign, use romantic partners as a secure base from which to essay role developing india, explore the world (e.g., Fraley Davis, 1997). A large proportion of essays research on adult attachment has been devoted to essay role engineers developing, uncovering the university thesis, behavioral and psychological mechanisms that promote security and secure base behavior in adults. There have been two major discoveries thus far. First and in accordance with attachment theory, secure adults are more likely than insecure adults to seek support from their partners when distressed. Furthermore, they are more likely to provide support to their distressed partners (e.g., Simpson et al., 1992). Second, the role engineers, attributions that insecure individuals make concerning their partner's behavior during and following relational conflicts exacerbate, rather than alleviate, their insecurities (e.g., Simpson et al., 1996).

Avoidant Attachment and Defense Mechanisms. Recent research on adult attachment has revealed some interesting complexities concerning the why do ministers, relationships between avoidance and defense. Although some avoidant adults, often called fearfully-avoidant adults, are poorly adjusted despite their defensive nature, others, often called dismissing-avoidant adults, are able to use defensive strategies in an adaptive way. For example, in an experimental task in which adults were instructed to discuss losing their partner, Fraley and Shaver (1997) found that dismissing individuals (i.e., individuals who are high on the dimension of attachment-related avoidance but low on essay role developing the dimension of attachment-related anxiety) were just as physiologically distressed (as assessed by skin conductance measures) as other individuals. When instructed to suppress their thoughts and for kids feelings, however, dismissing individuals were able to do so effectively. That is, they could deactivate their physiological arousal to some degree and minimize the attention they paid to attachment-related thoughts. Role India. Fearfully-avoidant individuals were not as successful in suppressing their emotions. Are Attachment Patterns Stable from Infancy to on christianity, Adulthood? Perhaps the most provocative and controversial implication of essay role engineers india adult attachment theory is university thesis that a person's attachment style as an adult is shaped by his or her interactions with parental attachment figures. Although the idea that early attachment experiences might have an influence on attachment style in romantic relationships is relatively uncontroversial, hypotheses about the essay role engineers india, source and why do ministers resign essay degree of overlap between the essay engineers india, two kinds of attachment orientations have been controversial. There are at least two issues involved in considering the question of stability: (a) How much similarity is there between the security people experience with different people in their lives (e.g., mothers, fathers, romantic partners)? and (b) With respect to any one of these relationships, how stable is security over essays time?

With respect to this first issue, it appears that there is a modest degree of overlap between how secure people feel with their mothers, for role, example, and how secure they feel with their romantic partners. Society. Fraley, for example, collected self-report measures of one's current attachment style with a significant parental figure and essay role india a current romantic partner and found correlations ranging between approximately .20 to .50 (i.e., small to moderate) between the two kinds of attachment relationships. [Click here to take an on-line quiz designed to assess the similarity between your attachment styles with different people in paper term, your life.] With respect to the second issue, the essay role engineers developing india, stability of one's attachment to one's parents appears to be equal to a correlation of about .25 to new year for kids, .39 (Fraley, 2002). There is only one longitudinal study of which we are aware that assessed the engineers, link between security at articles, age 1 in developing india, the strange situation and security of the same people 20 years later in their adult romantic relationships. This unpublished study uncovered a correlation of .17 between these two variables (Steele, Waters, Crowell, Treboux, 1998). The association between early attachment experiences and adult attachment styles has also been examined in retrospective studies. Hazan and new year Shaver (1987) found that adults who were secure in their romantic relationships were more likely to recall their childhood relationships with parents as being affectionate, caring, and accepting (see also Feeney Noller, 1990).

Based on essay role engineers developing these kinds of studies, it seems likely that attachment styles in the child-parent domain and attachment styles in the romantic relationship domain are only resign, moderately related at best. What are the implications of such findings for engineers india, adult attachment theory? According to some writers, the most important proposition of the theory is that the paper term, attachment system, a system originally adapted for the ecology of infancy, continues to role engineers developing, influence behavior, thought, and feeling in new year essays for kids, adulthood (see Fraley Shaver, 2000). This proposition may hold regardless of whether individual differences in the way the system is organized remain stable over a decade or more, and stable across different kinds of intimate relationships. Although the social and cognitive mechanisms invoked by attachment theorists imply that stability in attachment style may be the role developing, rule rather than the exception, these basic mechanisms can predict either long-run continuity or discontinuity, depending on the precise ways in which they are conceptualized (Fraley, 2002). Fraley (2002) discussed two models of continuity derived from attachment theory that make different predictions about long-term continuity even though they were derived from the same basic theoretical principles. Each model assumes that individual differences in attachment representations are shaped by variation in experiences with caregivers in essays, early childhood, and that, in turn, these early representations shape the quality of the developing, individual's subsequent attachment experiences. However, one model assumes that existing representations are updated and revised in light of new experiences such that older representations are eventually overwritten. Mathematical analyses revealed that this model predicts that the long-term stability of individual differences will approach zero. The second model is ethics paper similar to engineers, the first, but makes the thesis, additional assumption that representational models developed in the first year of life are preserved (i.e., they are not overwritten) and continue to influence relational behavior throughout the life course. Analyses of this model revealed that long-term stability can approach a non-zero limiting value.

The important point here is that the principles of essay engineers india attachment theory can be used to derive developmental models that make strikingly different predictions about the paper term, long-term stability of engineers individual differences. In light of new year this finding, the role engineers developing india, existence of long-term stability of essay dead poet society individual differences should be considered an empirical question rather than an role engineers developing india assumption of the theory. Outstanding Questions and for kids Future Directions for Research on Adult Attachment. There are a number of questions that current and future research on attachment needs to address. For example, it is probably the engineers developing, case that, while some romantic relationships are genuine attachment relationships, others are not. It will be necessary for future researchers to find ways to better determine whether a relationship is actually serving attachment-related functions.

Second, although it is university thesis clear why attachment behavior may serve an important evolutionary function in infancy, it is not clear whether attachment serves an important evolutionary function among adults. Third, we still don't have a strong understanding of the precise factors that may change a person's attachment style. In the interest of improving people's lives, it will be necessary to learn more about the factors that promote attachment security and relational well-being.

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Essays on Role Of Engineers In …

Life Of Pi Questions Essay Sample. Part 1: Toronto Pondicherry – Chapters 1-361). Developing. Pondicherry was the research paper birth place of Pi the essay protagonist of the story. It was during Pi’s time in articles research Pondicherry that he has suffered intensely and found comfort in religion and zoology; which proves to essay role engineers developing, be the basis of the stories plot. With this in mind, he was raised in a time where there were many political problems arising which leads to Pi’s family leaving the country to Canada.

This town is an appropriate choice for Pi’s upbringing as it is articles research paper part of French India which contributes to his name, and way of life. 2). Early in the novel, we discover that the narrator majored in essay role developing india religious studies and zoology, with particular interests in a “sixteenth-century Kabbalist and the admirable three-toed sloth”. In subsequent chapters, he explains the ways in which religions and zoos are both steeped in illusion. Having the essay on the movie dead poet society reader know he has researched these areas allows us to understand the story from role engineers india, a factual point of view while he entices his audience with his story telling abilities, going back to essay movie dead poet society, the difference between the “dry yeastless factuality”, to the “better story” where reason crosses with imagination. 3). Developing. Early in the novel, we discover that the narrator majored in religious studies and zoology, with particular interests in a “sixteenth-century Kabbalist and the admirable three-toed sloth”. In subsequent chapters, he explains the ways in which religions and essays for kids, zoos are both steeped in illusion. Having the reader know he has researched these areas allows us to understand the story from a factual point of view while he entices his audience with his story telling abilities, going back to the difference between the “dry yeastless factuality”, to the “better story” where reason crosses with imagination. 4) I agree with Pi’s beliefs that animals enjoy being in a zoo.

I believe that in a zoo you are given everything you need without having to work for essay role developing india it. For example, the carnivores have there meat fed to why do resign essay, them they do not have to hunt and engineers, are not at risk of starving due to paper term, lack of role india basic necessities. Also, what animals need is personal space and territory they can call there own. With this in mind, a zoo gives these animals there space enclosed from all other animals who would threaten that. Pi states that, “Animals in the wild lead lives of compulsion and paper term, necessity within an unforgiving social hierarchy in an environment where the supply of fear is high and the supply of india food low and where territory must constantly be defended and parasites forever endured” (Martell 16). Essay On The Movie Dead. Cleary demonstrating the luxury zoo animals endure and for these reasons are why I agree with Pi’s beliefs that animals enjoy being at the zoo. 5).Pi is named after a swimming pool, which is symbolic of water, further symbolizing the essay role engineers developing india sacrament of baptism. Oxford Thesis. Baptism the washing away of sin and the welcoming of a new identity, and the beginning of a new journey; ironic how the developing whole story is based around one man journey. Also, Pi = 3.14 an irrational number that is never ending and is not a defined number may symbolize the events of the university novel, it is clear to the reader that some questions will go unanswered and can not be rationalized; examples of this are the fact Pi believes in essay role engineers 3 religions. Also, in his journey he was stuck at sea with no end in sight and Pie (3.14) measures the center of a circle. 6).

A religious believer could argue it was Mr. And Islam. Kumars medicine that saved him because God is a sign of faith and without faith you lack the essay engineers india key ingredient needed to overcomeillness. Medicine can help heal wounds or sickness but it does not keep your soul living. Science is not perfect there are many unsolved mysteries; it is when science can not solve something that faith helps us understand. 7). The Biology teacher did not believe in good articles research paper God he was agnostic. While the baker was a Muslim mentor and preached about God and religion. With this in mind, Mr.

Kumar the Biology teacher represents the essay role developing india scientology perspective where he will look to on christianity, prove how something was down scientifically, while Mr. Kumar the baker will look at things from a religious perspective. Engineers Developing India. In the book it talks about the good research difference between a person with faith and india, a person without. When Pi states that, “the agnostic, if he stays true to his reasonable self, if he stays beholden to dry, yeastless factuality, might try to ministers essay, explain the essay warm light bathing him by saying, “Possibly a f-f-failing oxygenation of the b-b-brain,” and, to the very end, lack imagination and miss the better story”. Spoken by Pi, this quotation-[chapter 22] in thesis its entirety emphasizes the important distinction between facts and imagination, the background of the entire novel. This was used to show the distinct division between people with faith and people without, linking faithless people as “dry yeastless factuality”, and people with faith being able to see “the better story”. 8). Mr. Developing. Patel uses his zoo-keeping abilities and knowledge of animal behavior to demonstrate to Ravi and Pi what dangers there are within a zoo by starving a tiger for three days and feeding it a live goat, which it then tears to ethics term, shreds.

He shows his children that things are not as they seem, in engineers this case, something cute and cuddly being ferocious and life threatening. The feminist theory can be applied because the on christianity tiger was given all male attributes and not one female attribute. Also, it was the male [father’s] job to teach the children harsh lessons, where as the mother comes to their aid and role engineers india, comforts them. 9). The super alpha male is one who is new year essays for kids dominant, the top of the chain in this case the trainer. The beta male does not have as much respect and role engineers developing india, is at new year essays for kids a lower social hierarchy for engineers example, “When two creatures meet, the essay one that is essay engineers india able to intimidate its opponent is recognized as socially superior… an articles paper, encounter in essay role developing india some circumstances may be enough,”(Martell,44).

In these encounters, a trainer entering into a ring of why do resign essay lions, it is immediately established that the trainer is the essay role engineers developing super alpha male. This is important to a lion trainer so that he can establish that he is in command and has full power over the lions, and so that the university thesis lions themselves would listen to his demands. 10). Pi’s assertion was his way of proving a point. Since his father was atheist he had to let him know that he was a strong believer in religion and states the importance in his view I agree with Pi because we do not know of a religion unless we are introduced to one; for Catholics the first encounter would be Baptism and from there on we have 7 more sacraments in which you are choosing yo be catholic and that religion Is not chosen for you. When Pi states, “Become loyal to these sense impressions even before we knew what they meant or what they were for,” (Martell, 47). This is saying that you do not choose what religion you believe in, but you choose if you want to essay, believe in it. I do think that Pi’s piousness is a response to his father’s atheism; I think the movie fact that he went out in pursue of finding faith was because he recognized his family truly lacked that aspect. Essay Role Engineers. It was than he found a love for religion, and his deep faith in God. 11).Pi was Hindu and on the movie poet, it was first introduced to role engineers developing, him when his Auntie Rohini took him to Madurai to articles paper, the temple where he went through his first Hindu rite of passage, the essay engineers samskara. 12).Pi finds Christianity compelling mostly because the basis of the religion was love and new year, although it seemed to be a violent religion the act of forgiveness was so apparent that the son of essay engineers india God would be sacrificed for his peoples’ sins.

When he states, “The more He bothered me, the less I could forget Him. And the more I learned about Him, the less I wanted to leave Him,” (Martell, 57). Shows why he felt Christianity was so compelling. Pi also admires Islam because he feels a deep connection every time he practices the faith, even in Mr. Satish Kumar’s home, which he describes as a hovel, “no mosque, church or temple ever felt so sacred to me,”(Martell, 62). 13).On Pi’s fourth day in Munnar he came upon a Christian Church sitting. Ministers Essay. Standing outside he looked inside the church. At around the role engineers developing india same time the next day he entered the church once again to be greeted by Father Martin who told him about Jesus and oxford thesis, his crucifixion. Pi originally felt this was absurd but slowly came to essay india, terms as to why this was done as he learned more about the religion as days passed. 14).When Pi stated, “possibly a f-f-failing oxygenation of the b-b-brain and to the very end lack imagination and miss the better story,” Pi was referring to agnostic people who do not believe in God.

He was stating that when these people see the white light on there death bed they would say it was due to a lack of oxygen as opposed to the white light to heaven. He states there inability to use there imagination and and islam, take a leap of faith is essay role engineers there downfall as they are unable to see the better story. 15). Believing in three religions is impossible in many aspects. Although Pi points out that there are certain similarities between the 3 religions he fails to ethics, mention the essay role engineers differences. And Islam. For example, how can you believe in a religion that believes in essay role developing reincarnation, while at that same time believe in a religion that believes when we die we go to heaven? Thus demonstrating why we cannot believe in several religions at once. 16). When Pi states his view of the religions for the first time he describes it with colours. He relates Christianity to white.

White is oxford university a suitable selection because it can symbolize important aspect stressed within Christianity; examples are good vs. evil, love, etc. 17). Pi tried to save Richard Parker because it is role engineers india a natural human instinct to paper, reach out and essay engineers india, help something or someone in need, Pi tried to save Richard Parker because The presence of Richard Parker, though initially terrifying, eventually soothes him and saves him from complete loneliness. Ethics Paper Term. Moreover, the necessity of training and india, taking care of on the poet society Richard Parker fills up Pi’s long, empty days [staying busy helps time pass]. 18).

When Pi states that Ravi was right. Essay Role Developing. Truly I was to be the next goat” you know Richard parker is a Tiger. It goes back to when Pi was shown the tiger eating a goat as a lesson of how dangerous the “cute tiger” can be. This fear is instilled when Ravi says, “Just wait till we’re alone. You’re the next goat!”(39). Foreshadowing future events while informing the reader they are talking about a tiger. 19).The ship was at sea for 4 days before it sank. Leading up the essays ships “death” it all happened very fast. Pi is sleeping when a loud noise, perhaps an developing, explosion, wakes him. He tries to wake Ravi so they can see what happened, but Ravi stays asleep.

Pi passes his parents’ cabin door and climbs up to the main deck, where he sees that it is raining. The boat is listing considerably to one side and making awful groaning noises; Pi begins to oxford university, feel afraid. He tries to run back down to the level of the ship where his family is, but the stairwell is full of water. Engineers Developing India. Pi goes back up to why do ministers resign, the main deck, where he hears animals shrieking. Three Chinese crewmen put a life jacket on engineers india, him and throw him over the side of the ship. He falls forty feet through the air before landing on a tarpaulin partially covering a lifeboat hanging from the ship’s side. A Grant’s zebra jumps into the lifeboat after him, smashing down onto a bench. The lifeboat falls into essay on the dead society the water. 20).

Pi returns to the life boat when he sees that there was a shark in the ocean. Although he knows danger lies within the boat the essay engineers india site of a shark left him with no choice but to flea from the water where his flesh was exposed. With this in mind, he was still fearful that the sharks might attack the life boat and there dominant size would destroy his only hope for survival. 21). When the Hyena eats the leg of the on christianity zebra the reader now knows that the life boat is not a safe place to be. Once the animals are against each other it raises the tension and essay role engineers developing india, leaves the reader wondering how much longer will Pi remain safe? How many animals will survive this catastrophe? … These questions are what keeps the reader interested in the climax of this story and entices them to want to read on. 22. A hyena is an resign, extremely disgusting creature; “It’s thick neck and high shoulders that slope to the hindquarters look as if they’ve come from a discarded prototype for the giraffe and its shaggy coarse coat seems to have been patched together from the leftovers of creation. The colour is a bungled mix of tan, black, yellow, grey, with the spots having none of the classy ostentation of a leopard’s rosettes; they look rather like the symptoms of a skin disease, a virulent form of mange.

The head is broad and too massive, with a high forehead, like that of essay role a bear, but suffering from a receding hairline, and with ears that look ridiculously mouse-like, large and round… the thesis mouth is forever open and engineers, panting” (Martell 115,116). Hyenas will also drink from the water they’ve urinated in and also use their urine to take “mud baths”. They also snack on oxford, automobiles and role engineers india, the excrement of other animals. Pi makes it clear that the essay Hyena is a disgusting creature which is clear foreshadowing that at some point the essay engineers india hyena will do something in oxford university the novel to role engineers developing, match the description so brutally explained by Yann Martell. 23).

Chapter 45 begins with Pi searching for hope by eagerly scanning the university thesis horizon for ships or anyone who could possibly rescue him. He spent his time looking out at the sea for any sign of human life that would be able to save him from his predicament being stranded at sea and now knowing how much time he has. 24). Pi realized that the hyena attacked the zebra and had bitten off its broken leg. Essay Engineers Developing. The description Pi described the hyena with were now making sense as the hyena showed no compassion and was selfishly doing what it could to stay alive. 25). Martel ensures that there is tension inside and outside of the lifeboat because Pi is both scared of Richard Parker inside of the boat and the potential danger that lay beneath the life boat. Pi fears Richard Parker and builds his life raft to keep away from him. However he then has the added tension of university making sure he stays tethered to the lifeboat, checking knots and ropes constantly.

Also, he has to be on the lookout for sharks and other fish swimming around him. Pi best explains this when he states that “I felt like a prisoner being pushed off a plank by pirates” (Martell, 154) showing that Pi was feeling the tension being on the boat as well as coming off of it. Martell also instills the tension when through confrontations on the lifeboat. At this point it is apparent to the reader that this journey was not going to go smoothly and you begin to fear for essay engineers developing Pi’s life as when a crisis such as being stranded in on the poet the middle of the ocean with limited supplies confronts you, animal instincts overtake logic. 26). Orange Juice previously disgusted by the actions of the Hyena began to defend herself and roared at the hyena; although the hyena was startled it continued to advance on Orange Juice while roaring at role engineers developing india her. After roaring at each other they finally ended turning away from research paper, each other and engineers, backing away.

Although nothing came out of the first meeting on their second meeting the hyena lunged at Orange Juice, and in defense she thumped it on the head. However the hyena got up immediately to bite at her throat as the Hyena began to take control and destroy Orange juice all while Pi was stranded in his lifeboat without enough energy to do anything about it27).Richard Parker became the tigers name due to an error. A professional hunter was hired to capture a predator that was terrorizing a city in Bangladesh. The hunter caught a tiger and cub together, the cub whom he named Thirsty. Research. However, the shipping clerk at became slightly confused and sent papers stating the cub’s name was Richard Parker and Pi’s father decided to keep this name for the tiger. 28).The life boat was three and role developing india, a half feet deep, twenty six feet long, and eight feet wide; it could accommodates a maximum of thirty two people, contained a tarpaulin used to cover the boat, and benches across the boat. 29).Pi says that his feelings can be imagined, but not described. Martel creates allusion by stating that Pi compares drinking water after three whole days to being without basic needs such as water. 30).The five items I would choose in order of highest rank are the cartons of emergency rations for articles immediate food, the solar stills to role india, make my own water, the fishing kits with hooks, the large hunting knife to kill and/or gut the fish, lines and oxford university thesis, sinkers for gathering food and the first aid kit in case of accidental injury; otherwise the safety kit becomes of little importance in this situation. 31).Pi did not give up because he survived for so many days and had beat the odds and would keep doing just that and make it all the way through. Pi gains hope by thinking about God, he says, “I would have given up – if a voice hadn’t made itself heard in my heart… Yes, so long as God was with me, I will not die.

Amen,” (Martell, 148). 32).Pi decided to build a canopy. Its purpose was shielding him from the sun or rain for because it would both “exhaust his body and developing india, his mind”. This canopy was made of blankets, ropes, and thesis, the buoyant life jacket. 33). Pi uses Plan number six to rid himself of Richard Parke. This was where he decided that he had enough food and water to outlive Richard Parker, and he would wait until the tiger wasted away.

However, Pi then realizes that if need be Richard Parker had the role india ability to swim and drink salt water when he was thirsty and the food supplies were on that lifeboat with Richard Parker. These were the critical flaws in Pi’s plan. 34).In Pi’s opinion life’s only true opponent is fear. According to Pi fear is what causes irrational decisions and abandon all hope and ethics term, trust and submit to defeat by fear. Essay. When Pi says, “Only fear can defeat life; fear shows no mercy… It goes for your weakest spot, which it finds with unerring ease,” (Martell, 161).

35). In Pi’s opinion, a person who is fearful will fall apart when instead they need to keep calm. A person who has surrendered to fear has been delectated as you, “Quickly you make rash decisions. You dismiss your last allies: hope and oxford, trust. There, you’ve defeated yourself.

Fear, which is but an impression, has triumphed over you,” (Martell, 162). Pi makes it clear that in order for him to survive he could not live in constant fear. 36).The name of the sound Richard Parker made was Prusten. It means that Richard Parker meant no harm and was willing to essay engineers india, negotiate with Pi and would not attack. 37). “A solar still is a device to produce fresh water from salt water. 38). In chapter 60, Pi demonstrates his faith when he loses the belief in his ability to live during the night, yet gains it back in the morning, ironically after reciting Muslim prayers and rituals. 39).Pi meant that in life and death situations your level of priorities no longer remain the why do ministers essay same, as the situation becomes worse surviving becomes the essay india number one priority. When your survival needs are not met then you change as a person doing anything in your power to help you stay alive, which will bring out the animal characterizes in someone even if that means the need to movie dead society, kill animals, eat meat when you’re a vegetarian, etc. 40).

Mother Nature has made things difficult for Pi in engineers a variety of ways. Pi is being rocked against the current instead of with it, making them horribly seasick. Also, fishing for food Pi sometimes isn’t able to new year, catch food for days, and when this happens with no regularity in his eating habits staying healthily is virtually impossible41).The reader can see that Pi has become more like a animalistic cave man through some of the things he mentions about how he has changed, one example would be: “You may be astonished that in such a short period of essay engineers developing time I could go from weeping over the muffled killing of university thesis a flying fish to gleefully bludgeoning to death a dorado…But in point of fact the explanation lies elsewhere. Engineers Developing. It is simple and why do ministers, brutal: a person can get used to anything, even to killing,” (Martell, 185). Role Developing India. Also, addition to this another example is when Pi tried to eat Richard Parker’s feces and he states, “I will be considered to new year essays, have abandoned the last vestiges of humanness…” (Martell, 214). Also, the role developing fact he goes from not being able to eat meat to killing fish by jabbing them in the eyes demonstares how drastically Pi has changed. 42). Chapter 68 is when Pi says that he rested most of the time however he never had slept for an hour or more, because of the “apprehension and anxiety he was feeling”. However, Richard Parker, he states, became a good sleeper and would sleep for long periods of time. 43). Pi attempts to control Richard Parker through nine steps.

First he chose a day when the waves were small but regular. Second, he anchored his boat to make it as stable as possible. Third, he provokes Richard Parker, but in essays for kids the slightest way. Fourth he provoked a border intrusion. Fifth, when Richard Parker trespasses on Pi’s territory, Pi shows that he is extremely mad and starts blowing his whistle and role, trips the paper sea anchor in order to rock the boat. Sixth, Pi blows the whistle continuously to engineers developing, show the animal who is in charge. On Christianity. Seventh, Richard Parker is extremely scared all the while Pi continues blowing his whistle. Eighth, when Richard Parker becomes sick, Pi stops the whistling and tends to the animal. And lastly, Pi must repeat this treatment until the animal is able to associate that the blowing of the whistle is not a good thing, and essay india, when it hears the whistle the animal will retreat back to its territory as a sign of being trained.

44). Resign Essay. Pi sang to his mother because he became aware it was his mothers’ birthday and although he was sure his family was physically gone he was still emotionally connected to them. 45).Pi’s form of psychological bullying occurred whenever Richard Parker would do something wrong; he received a long glare and be bombarded by the whistle of role engineers Pi. This was done to further establish who is the super alpha male, (going back to term, question 9). Had Pi failed to role developing india, do this he would become the beta male and Richard Parker would have full control of what took place on that lifeboat. 46). In chapter 77, Pi shows us his desperation when he finds Richard Parker’s feces as a potential source of nutrition. It is when Pi realizes there are no nutrients in what he’s eating that he spits it out, but not because of the good articles research paper taste, he states, “When I couldn’t stand the wait any longer, I popped the ball into my mouth…The taste was acrid, but it wasn’t that. It was rather my mouth’s conclusion, immediate and obvious: there’s nothing to be had here.

It was truly waste matter, with no nutrients in it,” (214). Looking back you begin to essay role engineers india, see the transition in Pi’s behavior as his life was being pushed further and further passed necessity. 47). Good Paper. I find this statement ironic because so far along this journey, Pi has been scared for his life, his only objective was to survive and his biggest obstacle was Richard Parker. Pi goes as far as to devise 6 plans to kill o Richard Parker.

However, now for essay role engineers developing india the first time in the novel, he has a change of heart and good articles, says, “I love you!” to Richard Parker. 48). Role Engineers Developing. The first five entries of Pi’s journal compared to the last three, you slowly see a man losing all hope for survival and his entries which were once very descriptive, slowly become bare facts where the bright spot is no where to be seen. The first five entries Pi takes the time to describe his surroundings and essays, the weather; however it is visible by essay role engineers developing india, his writing when he loses hope and good articles, the will to live in the last three entries where they lack any sort of detail and/or devised plan/tactics of how to continue surviving. 49). In chapter 90, at first Pi thinks that he’s going crazy and he is talking to essay role engineers india, some voice in his own head.

After a while he realizes that he’s talking to Richard Parker because the voice in his head is nothing like himself, but the complete opposite. However, he then comes to the realization that the person he’s talking to is French and that could not be Richard Parker, it had to be some one else at sea. 50). Essay On The Poet Society. Another human unexpectedly arrived at essay developing india Pi’s lifeboat. Essay Movie Poet. Pi discovers that the man is French and that he has consumed two humans in essay engineers his life because of the need for surviva”. The man then tried to strangle Pi, when ironically Richard Parker the tiger who Pi felt as his greatest threat throughout the journey kills the French man in defense of Pi. 51).The disturbing information that Pi reveals was that he himself took small bites of the man because of his extreme need for food, Pi states, “I will further confess that, driven by the extremity of my need and madness to essays, which it pushed me, I ate some of his flesh. I mean small pieces… when dried by the sun, looked like ordinary animal flesh. They slipped into my mouth nearly unnoticed. You must understand, my suffering was unremitting and he was already dead. Essay Role India. I stopped as soon as I caught a fish,” (Martell,256).

If ever an example Pi’s animal instinct were exemplified in within this as the vegetarian has now become a cannibal. 52). I believe that this island is an allusion. When you look closely as to what it can represent it resembles the story of oxford Adam and Eve. In paradise with only one fruit tree, and when Pi picks a “fruit” from engineers india, that tree he is punished as he finds the teeth and was now afraid of the consequences. 53). Pi would join the many meerkats that invested the island and thesis on christianity, would go as far as to join them in there daily activities while Richard Parker stayed in the life boat occasionally feasting on the meerkats when hungry. 54). Pi found a perfect set of teeth inside what at first seemed like “fruit”.

He then decided that the island itself was a threat, that it was carnivorous in its ways. He believed the acidity levels would eventually consume him in his sleep if he did not flee the island. 55). In chapter 93, Pi turned to God in his moment of anguish, when Pi states, “It was natural that bereft and engineers, desperate as I was, in the throes of unremitting suffering, I should turn to God,” (Martell, 284). It becomes apparent if Pi was to on the movie dead poet society, survive faith would have to role engineers developing, take over. 56). Pi was found by 2 men in oxford Mexico (an increeible distance as he traveled across the entire ocean in a life boat!). Richard Parker left Pi, without even acknowledging Pi, and essay developing india, ran off into the jungle alone. Essay Movie. Pi was extremely hurt by Richard Parker’s actions and was upset that he never had the chance to say a final goodbye. Part 3: Benito Juarez Infirmary, Tomatlan, Mexico – Chapters 95-10057).

If I were one of the two men, I also would not believe Pi’s story, because it is india too far fetched to thesis, give any real consideration to. Also, with not one piece of evidence found on the boat it would be apparent that he is not telling his story in a literal factual form and is basically telling a story. 58). Pi proves that he is telling the truth when he re-tells his story for a second time this time second story replacing the animals with humans, showing the two men that he was using metaphors to describe what took place. 59). Essay Role Engineers India. I prefer the story with animals because even though the real story is based upon facts and is written to oxford, the point, It would be more disgusting to follow along and it’s harder to understand the fact that humans can be so harsh when it comes to life and death situations. Generally a reader can only understand what he or she can visualize and the use of animals allows the material to be grasped and although it seems far fetched it gives the reader a better understanding of what really transpired. It is essay role developing india not difficult to imagine 2 wild animals fighting each other to the death, but when its humans the idea off cannibalism becomes too far fetched to on christianity and islam, picture. When Pi says to the two men, “And so it goes with God.” He means that not everything can be proven; there are many irrational things about our world and when we cannot scientifically prove something the essay role india answers lie with our creative minds.

Things. For Kids. This can be related to our religions. As humans we do not know how humans were created so we look to our Gods to explain what we can’t. Pi also gives examples of love and essay developing india, life relating to this when he states, “Love is hard to believe, ask any lover. Ethics Paper Term. Life is hard to believe, ask any scientist. God is essay role hard to believe, ask any believer. What is your problem with hard to believe?” (Martell, 297). He describes that there is a line where not everything will be easy to understand but where factuality falters, the better story is created; it is natural to thesis, want facts, but without imagination we will never understand the better story. 60). Role Engineers. In Pi’s new story orange juice represents his mother, the new year essays zebra represents the sailor, the hyena represents the French cook, and Richard Parker represents Pi.

61). Role India. I believe that Richard Parker acts as a metaphor of Pi’s unconscious mind. Good Research. In Freud’s theory there are three levels in essay the brain – your super ego, ego and articles research, id. Engineers. Both your super ego and your id are conscious parts of the mind; with this in mind, your id is responsible for your survival. The id has no real perception of reality, and what your super ego thinks is important your id doesn’t even consider. It seeks to satisfy its needs through primary processes for example hunger and new year, self-protection. In Pi’s case, Richard Parker reveals himself at many critical points during the course of the journey, and all of these points seem to essay engineers developing india, coincide with the points when Pi is most in need of food or self protection.

It must be noted that Richard Parker only came into play when Pi was in great danger which would mean his animal instincts or id came to play. To contrast, In Pi’s first story Richard Parker first appears when the research hyena kills the developing orangutan and out of pure hatred Pi feels he needs to movie poet society, take revenge on the hyena, when Richard Parker comes into to essay role, sight and kills the hyena himself. However in Pi’s second story when the term cook kills his mother it is engineers he who kills the cook after realizes what the new year cook was doing in an attempt to live. This is a genius contrast between animals and humans showing the differences and similarities between the essay engineers india two using the Freud theory to explain how this was done by Yann Martel. 62). This passage relates to the major ideas behind Life of Pi because what Pi says here is we understand through our imagination. Our imagination comes from what we see of our world.

Having this perception changes the facts of a story slightly to show how something is why do resign essay seen from one’s viewpoint. This is like Pi’s animal and human story… He changes the facts according to role developing india, how he sees them and how he can best demonstrate what happened on that life boat without necessarily giving the true facts. 63). There are several examples of essay on the movie society human beings reflecting the animal behavior. Like the trainer in the ring, adults and parents must show a child who is dominant, through punishment and instilling in essay role developing them who they must submit to, so that the children do not take advantage of them and resist obedience. Second, bullies also follow the same principle as the tigers – they must instill fear in those being bullied so they will listen to their demands. If someone bigger or stronger comes along, the alpha male perhaps, then they would become scared of that male and submit to them. Pi’s strategies for confronting Richard Parker show us that we must not show fear if we want to overcome your circumstance.

64). I don’t think Pi has anything to lose at that point other than life he has already lost everything you can possibly take away, from his family, to the shirt on his back he now has nothing but life to live for. In the book Pi often looses sight of the light at the end of the tunnel but his faith in God is what ultimately got him through the on the movie dead poet tough situation. 65). Role Engineers. I wouldn’t say that Noah and new year, Piscine are too similar in that aspect because the essay role engineers passengers on the boat left to drown weren’t sinners, apart from the fact that Pi’s father was an atheist, and oxford university, his brother didn’t care much for religion. I’d say that Pi resembles Noah with the washing away of the sinners when the cook or hyena is essay engineers developing killed. However, Pi does kill the cook, and thesis, no matter the case a saint would never kill another human being. Also his mother and essay role, the sailor were innocent and didn’t deserve to die so therefore I don’t think this situation is completely different that that of Noah’s Arc66). Life of Pi is on the poet society a tragedy for obvious reasons.

When someone endures so many detrimental blows as pi did it is hard to see how this story can be seen as a comedy. To explain, he lost his family, he had to essay role developing, survive on a journey for seven months alone without any aid. Although literally he passed his journey and was alive he lost too much and had no reward thus making this story a tragedy. 67).I thought that Pi was very clever. Pi was able to counter every argument they had against his story with something deeper and articles, more meaningful. With this in mind, at no point did I suspect that his mother, the cook, and the sailor had been on the boat. Yann Martels ability to connect abstract ideas to the reader by using animals was brilliant and the way he told the story was factual, and had many facts for the reader, yet told with imagination creating the better story. 68). In the Life of Pi the narrator tells a story from his point of view using metaphors, and analogies to describe the events of his story.

This narration is effective because it builds one of the main themes for this book, which is the importance of telling stories. Role. It is university here that he tells us a story through his perception the role engineers india “better story”, the fact their was that element of truth made this believable and not mystical to the reader. It was the and islam ultimate contrast between fiction and non-fiction. 69). Mr Adirubasamy means that a story so astonishing as this one, with a catastrophe so far fetched, and a boy who actually lives through the whole torment with a faith so strong in divinity, would make any one who read this book believe in God, as this was a boy who lived solely because of his faith. Yes, I think it does deliver that promise because someone who is so indomitable in their faith(s), like Pi, who when all hope is lost he turns to God for support. The author agrees with Mr. Adirubasamy after hearing the tape from the engineers developing india Japanese Ministry of thesis on christianity and islam Transport after almost a year of being in contact with Mr. Developing. Pi Patel. Research Paper. He would have believed it after hearing both stories the metaphoric one describing what went on, and the literal giving it tangibility.

71). The arousing sustenance that Life of Pi provided for Yann Martel was the role developing creative spark that his previous attempts lacked and was the reason his other novels were as great as a success story as life of Pie. 72). Good Research. Had orange juice or another animal survived the ordeal it could be the difference between this story being a tragedy or comedy. Essay Role. To explain, had orange juice (his mother) survived that would mean that throughout the oxford whole battle Pi had companionship which was a key factor he lacked which caused him to verge of insanity. Also, I feel had the journey ended and essay role engineers developing, the two have each other they can move on thesis on christianity, with there life and be prepared to meet the rest of the family in the after life ( which ever afterlife Pi decides to engineers, follow). Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Life Of Pi Questions. essay editing for ethics only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!

Relevant essay suggestions for Life Of Pi Questions. Most members of a society experience a tragic event; for role example, the loss of a friend, loved one, etc. Yann Martel’s novel Life of Pi tells the story of Piscine… Lord of the university Flies and Life of Pi. How do the essay engineers developing authors explore the concept of ‘conflict’ in texts that deal with survival and why do resign essay, savagery in William Golding’s novel Lord of the role developing india Flies and paper, Ang Lee’s film Life… The role of essay role faith has always played a part in every child’s heart. New Year. At some point when we were little, we listened to the bed-time stories as if they were… ?Louise Erdrich – The Leap – Questions. – The title “The Leap” could mean a leap of faith or can be taken literally as a jump. But in context of the story, “The Leap” means bridging gaps… Questions on “Mother Tonge” by Amy Tan. 1.Tan opens her essay by essay developing india, stating, “I m not a scholar of English or literature,” then states, in the next paragraph, “I am a writer” to show she is on christianity not…

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Organic Foods: What You Need to Know. Organic food has become very popular. But navigating the role engineers developing maze of organic food labels, benefits, and claims can be confusing. Is organic food really better for your mental and physical health? Do GMOs and pesticides cause cancer and other diseases? What do all the labels mean? This guide can help you make better choices about shopping organic, including what to focus on and how to oxford university make eating organic more affordable. The term “organic” refers to the way agricultural products are grown and processed.

While the regulations vary from country to country, in the U.S., organic crops must be grown without the use of synthetic pesticides, bioengineered genes (GMOs), petroleum-based fertilizers, and sewage sludge-based fertilizers. Organic livestock raised for meat, eggs, and developing india dairy products must have access to the outdoors and be given organic feed. They may not be given antibiotics, growth hormones, or any animal by-products. How your food is grown or raised can have a major impact on ethics your mental and emotional health as well as the environment. Organic foods often have more beneficial nutrients, such as antioxidants, than their conventionally-grown counterparts and people with allergies to foods, chemicals, or preservatives often find their symptoms lessen or go away when they eat only essay role engineers developing, organic foods. Organic produce contains fewer pesticides. Chemicals such as fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides are widely used in essays for kids conventional agriculture and residues remain on (and in) the food we eat. Organic food is often fresher because it doesn’t contain preservatives that make it last longer.

Organic produce is often (but not always, so watch where it is role engineers developing india from) produced on smaller farms near where it is ethics term sold. Organic farming is better for the environment. Organic farming practices reduce pollution, conserve water, reduce soil erosion, increase soil fertility, and use less energy. Farming without pesticides is also better for nearby birds and animals as well as people who live close to role developing india farms. Organically raised animals are NOT given antibiotics, growth hormones, or fed animal byproducts. Feeding livestock animal byproducts increases the term risk of mad cow disease (BSE) and essay role engineers india the use of essay antibiotics can create antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.

Organically-raised animals are given more space to move around and access to role india the outdoors, which help to keep them healthy. Organic meat and milk are richer in certain nutrients. Good Articles Research Paper? Results of essay role developing a 2016 European study show that levels of certain nutrients, including omega-3 fatty acids, were up to 50 percent higher in dead society organic meat and milk than in engineers india conventionally raised versions. Organic food is GMO-free. University Thesis? Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) or genetically engineered (GE) foods are plants whose DNA has been altered in ways that cannot occur in nature or in traditional crossbreeding, most commonly in order to be resistant to pesticides or produce an insecticide. Organic food vs. Engineers India? locally-grown food. Unlike organic standards, there is essay no specific definition for “local food”. It could be grown in your local community, your state, your region, or your country. During large portions of the year it is usually possible to find food grown close to home at essay role engineers, places such as a farmer’s market. The benefitis of locally grown food. Financial: Money stays within the local economy.

More money goes directly to the farmer, instead of to things like marketing and distribution. Transportation: In the U.S., for example, the average distance a meal travels from the farm to oxford university thesis the dinner plate is over 1,500 miles. Produce must be picked while still unripe and then gassed to role developing ripen it after transport. Or the food is ministers resign highly processed in factories using preservatives, irradiation, and other means to keep it stable for transport. Freshness: Local food is engineers developing india harvested when ripe and articles thus fresher and full of flavor. Small local farmers often use organic methods but sometimes cannot afford to become certified organic. Engineers Developing? Visit a farmer’s market and talk with the farmers to research paper find out what methods they use. The ongoing debate about the effects of GMOs on health and the environment is a controversial one. In most cases, GMOs are engineered to engineers make food crops resistant to herbicides and/or to produce an insecticide.

For example, much of the sweet corn consumed in the U.S. is genetically engineered to be resistant to the herbicide Roundup and to produce its own insecticide, Bt Toxin. GMOs are also commonly found in U.S. crops such as soybeans, alfalfa, squash, zucchini, papaya, and canola, and are present in many breakfast cereals and much of the processed food that we eat. If the on christianity ingredients on a package include corn syrup or soy lecithin, chances are it contains GMOs. The use of toxic herbicides like Roundup (glyphosate) has increased 15 times since GMOs were introduced. While the World Health Organization announced that glyphosate is “probably carcinogenic to humans,” there is still some controversy over the level of health risks posed by the use of pesticides. While the U.S. Food and role india Drug Administration (FDA) and the biotech companies that engineer GMOs insist they are safe, many food safety advocates point out that no long term studies have ever been conducted to thesis confirm the safety of essay role india GMO use, while some animal studies have indicated that consuming GMOs may cause internal organ damage, slowed brain growth, and thickening of the essays for kids digestive tract. GMOs have been linked to increased food allergens and role engineers developing india gastro-intestinal problems in humans. While many people think that altering the DNA of a plant or animal can increase the risk of cancer, the research has so far proven inconclusive. As mentioned above, one of the primary benefits of eating organic is lower levels of oxford university thesis pesticides.

However, despite popular belief, organic farms do use pesticides. The difference is that they only use naturally-derived pesticides, rather than the synthetic pesticides used on conventional commercial farms. Essay Role Engineers Developing? Natural pesticides are believed to good research paper be less toxic, however, some have been found to have health risks. That said, your exposure to harmful pesticides will be lower when eating organic. What are the essay role engineers india possible risks of pesticides? Most of us have an accumulated build-up of pesticide exposure in our bodies due to numerous years of why do ministers essay exposure. This chemical body burden as it is medically known could lead to health issues such as headaches, birth defects, and added strain on weakened immune systems. Some studies have indicated that the use of pesticides even at low doses can increase the risk of certain cancers , such as leukemia, lymphoma, brain tumors, breast cancer and prostate cancer.

Children and fetuses are most vulnerable to pesticide exposure because their immune systems, bodies, and brains are still developing. Essay Role Developing? Exposure at new year, an early age may cause developmental delays, behavioral disorders, autism, immune system harm, and motor dysfunction. Pregnant women are more vulnerable due to the added stress pesticides put on their already taxed organs. Plus, pesticides can be passed from mother to child in the womb, as well as through breast milk. The widespread use of developing pesticides has also led to the emergence of “super weeds” and “super bugs,” which can only be killed with extremely toxic poisons like 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (a major ingredient in resign essay Agent Orange). Does washing and peeling produce get rid of pesticides? Rinsing reduces but does not eliminate pesticides. Peeling sometimes helps, but valuable nutrients often go down the drain with the skin. The best approach: eat a varied diet, wash and india scrub all produce thoroughly, and buy organic when possible. The best bang for your buck when shopping organic. Organic food is often more expensive than conventionally-grown food.

But if you set some priorities, it may be possible to purchase organic food and stay within your food budget. Know your produce pesticide levels. Some types of oxford university thesis conventionally-grown produce are much higher in pesticides than others, and essay role engineers should be avoided. Others are low enough that buying non-organic is relatively safe. Thesis And Islam? The Environmental Working Group, a nonprofit organization that analyzes the results of government pesticide testing in the U.S., offers a annually-updated list that can help guide your choices.

Fruits and vegetables where the organic label matters most. According to the Environmental Working Group, a nonprofit organization that analyzes the results of government pesticide testing in the U.S., the following fruits and vegetables have the role developing india highest pesticide levels so are best to buy organic: Apples Sweet Bell Peppers Cucumbers Celery Potatoes Grapes Cherry Tomatoes. Kale/Collard Greens Summer Squash Nectarines (imported) Peaches Spinach Strawberries Hot Peppers. Fruits and vegetables you don't need to buy organic. Known as the “Clean 15”, these conventionally-grown fruits and vegetables are generally low in pesticides. Asparagus Avocado Mushrooms Cabbage Sweet Corn Eggplant Kiwi Mango. Onion Papaya Pineapple Sweet Peas (frozen) Sweet Potatoes Grapefruit Cantaloupe.

Buy organic meat, eggs, and dairy if you can afford to. While prominent organizations such as the American Heart Association maintain that eating saturated fat from any source increases the risk of heart disease, other nutrition experts maintain that eating organic grass-fed meat and organic dairy products doesn’t carry the same risks. It’s not the good saturated fat that’s the problem, they say, but the unnatural diet of an essay role india, industrially-raised animal that includes corn, hormones, and medication. According to Animal Feed, conventionally raised animals in new year U.S. can be given: Dairy cows – antibiotics, pig and chicken byproducts, growth hormones, pesticides, sewage sludge Beef cows – antibiotics, pig and role developing chicken byproducts, steroids, hormones, pesticides, sewage sludge Pigs - antibiotics, animal byproducts, pesticides, sewage sludge, arsenic-based drugs Broiler chickens - antibiotics, animal byproducts, pesticides, sewage sludge, arsenic-based drugs Egg laying hens - antibiotics, animal byproducts, pesticides, sewage sludge, arsenic-based drugs.

Other ways to keep the cost of organic food within your budget. Shop at farmers' markets. Many cities, as well as small towns, host a weekly farmers' market, where local farmers sell their produce at an open-air street market, often at a discount to grocery stores. Join a food co-op. A natural foods co-op, or cooperative grocery store typically offers lower prices to paper term members, who pay an engineers india, annual fee to belong. Join a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) farm, in which individuals and paper term families join up to purchase shares of essay produce in bulk, directly from a local farm. Local and organic! Buy in season – Fruits and vegetables are cheapest and new year freshest when they are in role engineers developing india season.

Find out when produce is delivered to your market so you're buying the freshest food possible. Shop around – Compare the price of organic items at the grocery store, the farmers’ market and other venues (even the freezer aisle). Remember that organic doesn’t always equal healthy –Making junk food sound healthy is a common marketing ploy in the food industry but organic baked goods, desserts, and snacks are usually still very high in sugar, salt, fat, or calories. University? It pays to read food labels carefully. Why is organic food often more expensive? Organic food is essay role engineers developing india more labor intensive since the farmers do not use pesticides, chemical fertilizers, or drugs. Organic certification is expensive and organic feed for on christianity and islam animals can cost twice as much. Organic farms tend to role india be smaller than conventional farms, which means fixed costs and overhead must be distributed across smaller produce volumes without government subsidies. More help for healthy eating. Healthy Eating: Simple Ways to paper Plan, Enjoy, and Stick to a Healthy Diet The Mediterranean Diet: What You Need to Know About Eating he Mediterranean Way. To find farmers' markets, organic farms, and essay role engineers india grocery co-ops in ethics paper your area:

General information about organic food. Organic Foods: Are they safer? More nutritious? Information on the difference between organic and conventional foods. ( Organic FAQs “Get Educated” a whole section on organics: What is Organic? Myths About Organic, 10 Reasons to Go Organic, and essay role india FAQs. ( Animal Feed – Details how livestock feed affects animal health, and the health of essay movie poet people who consume animal products. (Grace Communications Foundation)

Organic Meat and Milk Higher in Healthful Fatty Acids – Details a review of scientific studies that showed organic meat and role india milk differ markedly from their conventionally produced counterparts. (New York Times) GMO Facts – Frequently asked questions on the use and safety of GMOs. Essays? (Non GMO Project) Where GMOs hide in essay engineers india your food – Details tests that found GMOs in many packaged foods—including those labeled 'natural,' (Consumer Reports) The Problem with Pesticides – Examines some of the potential health effects of pesticides. (Toxics Action Center) Genetic Engineering in on the society Agriculture – Article that highlights why both the risks and the benefits of essay role engineers india GMOs may have been exaggerated. (Union of oxford thesis Concerned Scientists) Autism Risk Higher Near Pesticide-Treated Fields – Research that shows babies whose moms lived within a mile of crops treated with widely used pesticides were more likely to essay engineers developing india develop autism. (Scientific America)

Pesticides and Cancer Highlights problems with the evidence linking cancer to pesticide use. Good Articles? (Cancer Research UK) Find Non-GMO Foods – Database of foods verified as non-GMO, including an iPhone app shopping guide. (Non GMO Project) Organic or Not? Is organic produce healthier than conventional? Find out where to spend and essay role engineers developing where to save for your health. (EatingWell) Health Benefits – Information on various topics related to new year essays the benefits of organics. Essay Developing? (Organic Trade Association) What is local?

How to buy and eat local food and why it matters. (Sustainable Table) Shopper's Guide to why do resign essay Pesticides (PDF) List of the produce with the highest and role engineers lowest pesticide levels. (Environmental Working Group) Was this article helpful? Authors: Lawrence Robinson, Jeanne Segal, Ph.D., and research Robert Segal, M.A. Essay Engineers? Last updated: April 2017.

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10 tips to beat writer’s block with your resume. If you are writing your own resume, it can be a frustrating task, to say the essay developing least. Even if you are confident in your writing abilities and how you want to sell yourself in movie dead society print, sometimes writer’s block looms like an unwelcomed cloud on role engineers, an otherwise bright day. Here are 10 tips to get those writing juices flowing! Writer’s block happens to even seasoned writers. There are simply times when the words just don’t seem to come together. Times when a writer feels stuck and can’t think of anything to write. Times when the new year writer knows what is role engineers india intended, but can’t articulate in thesis on christianity and islam words that intention in engineers developing a succinct, clear and compelling manner. And of on christianity and islam course when writing your resume, you want to sell—not tell. You want to do so in as few words as possible.

You want to strategically format and engineers wordsmith so less says more. Thesis! And you want to convey a clear focus to a targeted audience. And—sometimes this is the engineers india most daunting of all—you have to essay on the poet sell YOU! So, it’s natural to role engineers feel blocked. Over 20-plus years as a career coach and writer, I’ve had it happen … well, more times than I count. I have found some useful ways of thesis on christianity dealing with the essay role developing india challenge. Good Research Paper! I hope you find them helpful! Follow a routine – Follow a routine to get in the writing mood. Try activities like wearing comfortable clothing, having fresh flowers on your desk, or listening to a particular type of role engineers developing india music.

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Free-write. Choose one sentence in the resume and write a paragraph about it. On The Dead Poet Society! Then choose one sentence from that paragraph and do it again. You can also freewrite about something non-related to the resume. Simply write whatever comes to your head. If you can’t think of anything, write that you can’t think of anything. A good recommendation is if all else fails, describe what is around you. Essay Engineers Developing! Cluster – Choose key words and ministers resign ideas; then write associated ideas and words in clusters around them. This process often forms new ideas.

Be flexible. Essay India! Be willing to throw out sections of text or design aspects that are causing problems or just don’t work. Give up perfectionism – It is paralyzing . For Kids! . . and role totally self-inflicted. If you want to write – just write. Much of resign what you write, you’ll edit out anyway, so just write! And as hard as it may be, relax. Role India! Breathe deeply. The more you worry, the harder it gets to think clearly.

Write your way out of the why do ministers resign essay block – Write the parts you know how to write first. Role Developing! You may gain an insight that will help you work out your problem area. At the same time, you’ll avoid compounding your problems and extending the “block” with frustration. Re-read Read a print draft of the resume and jot down ideas while reading. One of the articles most frustrating things about writer’s block is india that it’s not like a bacterial infection that you can just cure. You can get writer’s block again and again.

Fortunately, when you do, there are strategies to make you well again! Now go write that fabulous resume! Great advice, Barb! To build on tip #9, it can help to write from an outline #8212; for example, you know you#8217;re going to have sections for Experience and Education, plus an opening section (Qualifications or Summary). Getting these on the screen can help create structure to work from. Oxford University Thesis! Then, as Susan Britton Whitcomb put it, it#8217;s like putting together a puzzle. Start with the easy stuff to write #8212; educational credentials, training, affiliations #8212; and work your way up.

And remember #8212; at its most basic, every resume is about five simple things: Who, What, When, Where, and Why. Barb Poole has helped me manage my career for over 20 years. Using her advice, coaching, I have been able to be promoted, enjoy increases in salaries and opportunities. Barb has developed resumes that have impressed employers in the private and public sectors. Role Developing India! Having Barb Poole work with you is essays like having a secret tool- that helps you build a solid career. She has the experience, skill and accomplishments that she uses to help her clients meet and surpass their career goals.

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Thank you, Barb, for essay role engineers all that you have done for me.” A true professional that goes above and beyond! “I found Barb via referral and was not disappointed. Barb has won several awards for paper her work but she won’t tell you that. You will just experience it in the excellent advice you receive from developing india a true professional that goes above and beyond to make sure she has delivered on her promises.” CEO – Whitehat Virtual Technologies. She will help you focus on the things you need to get the results you desire. “In 2005, Barb helped me retool my technical resume#8217; into ethics a professional one as my career evolved. Essay Role Engineers Developing! Barb did such a great job that even the HR professionals that I spoke to asked me for Barb#8217;s contact information. I was thoroughly impressed by her ability to capture my professional profile and ethics accomplishments and express it in such a dynamic and interesting manner.

Barb also offers career coaching services that I took advantage of during the same period. Like any good coach, she helped me focus on essay india, the core value that I have to for kids offer and refine that message into role engineers developing india my own personal marketing brand. I highly recommend Barb#8217;s career coaching to ethics term anyone experiencing transition in their professional life. She will help you focus on the things you need to get the results you desire.” Barb has the ability to sift out what matters most. “When the time comes to sell your talents and essay india capabilities to the market place, having a second pair of eyes can become an invaluable investment. Barb has the uncanny ability to sift out what matters most to a prospective employer and paint a picture that truly exemplifies who you are and oxford thesis what you can bring. Barb possesses fresh ideas and strategies that remove the mystery behind professional networking and conducting a career search. Her value proposition is #8220;guiding you through the career maze#8221; and she delivers on this promise and essay india then some. I chose Barb to ministers essay help me with my career choices and I plan to rely on her business coaching skills for many years to come. Role! She comes highly recommended!” “Barb is a truly precious professional and a rare gem in this industry (resume writing and career services). As a sub-contractor, I have learned to value her expertise, perfection, flexibility, commitment, and creativity.

As an industry colleague, I have learned to call her friend and confidante. I have had the thesis on christianity and islam pleasure of seeing Barb win coveted International resume awards (CDI Toast of the Resume Industry), which is what drew me to her originally. Her writing skills and ability to translate the most complex career history with its myriad of engineers developing india challenges and achievements into a true and honest representation of an individual is nothing short of a work of art. I wholeheartedly recommend Barb as someone who will make an ethics term amazing difference in the career success of essay role engineers any job professional at any level of their career.” “I#8217;ve used Barb#8217;s services multiple times myself and also have recommended her to colleagues and received very positive feedback. Her work exceeds expectations, and she is ethics paper extremely knowledgeable in essay role engineers her field. I would recommend Barb to anyone seeking professional help with Resume Creation / Career Coaching.”

The best resume the recruiters have ever seen! “Barb did an amazing job of helping me re-tool and essay on the society re-think my resume. Having a clear and concise resume that stands out from the crowd is important and was worth the investment in Barb#8217;s services. I can#8217;t tell you how many companies and recruiters told me my resume was the best they#8217;d ever seen (Google, AIG, Disney, etc.). Barb can not only help you get in the door, but help you walk through it!” “Barb has done great work for me on numerous occasions. I have shared her contact info with others in essay my network and they have all been pleased with the why do ministers resign essay work and service provided by Barb and Hire Imaging.” Keeps her clients motivated throughout the process, leading to ultimate success. “Barb reported to me for several years, and I can attest to her genuine concern for each client she serves and the out-of the-box approach she takes to meet each issue or concern presented to her. Barb is an expert resume writer with the essay engineers developing india ability to present her clients at their best! She is a leader in her community, extending her knowledge and expertise to thesis and islam those in need. Role Engineers India! She is an enthusiastic consultant who keeps her clients motivated throughout the job search process leading to ultimate success. I miss our brainstorming sessions; she is brilliant and gracious with her ideas. I highly recommend Barb for simple and/or complex career issues; each one will be handled with professionalism and expertise.” Without the preparation and coaching, I would not have nailed the interviews and received multiple job offers. “I had the pleasure of working with Barb upon deciding to relocate to thesis a new city to be closer to essay engineers developing family after a long military career.

While the services offered through a military transition assistance program (TAP) are good, they by research paper no means measure up to those of a true professional career coach and strategist like Barb Poole. Barb not only did an essay role engineers developing outstanding job on all my documents, but also in coaching and thesis mentoring me through my career search. Being federal government with a security clearance means I had to developing india obtain prepublication review on thesis on christianity and islam, all of my information before releasing it to Barb; and again after she finalized a document to ensure I was still within the classification guidelines. Barb understood that process and was patient with me while obtaining approvals. Barb also helped me with preparing for role developing interviews both in-person and telephone interviews. Without the preparation and oxford coaching, I would not have nailed the interviews and india received multiple job offers.” Barb has been helping executive and professional clients with their job searches and career management for 30 years.

Her global client portfolio has represented all industries, field/positions, and career transition situations; and for the past decade, has extensively included c-level leaders.

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How to Write an Appeal Letter for essay role, Schengen Visa Refusal and Get It Approved in 2 Days. Learn how to write an appeal letter for a denied or rejected Schengen visa and paper get your visa approved in 2 days. Includes tips and tricks that work! So your Schengen visa was rejected and you want to role engineers india appeal? I have already written how you can file an appeal against a denied Schengen visa.

Your next question is probably: How do I actually write an appeal letter? There are different ways to ethics write an appeal letter. In this post I will show you how I write an appeal letter that works. Engineers Developing India! Although there are equally many reasons for being denied a visa, the format for term, writing an appeal letter remains standard. At least for me. If you’ve read my previous post, I have been denied a Schengen visa before and so was my sister. But we got our Schengen visas approved in role developing india, the end. What did we do? We wrote an appeal letter. New Year Essays For Kids! My sister even got hers approved within 2 days of emailing the appeal.

I’ll show you what to write and how to write an effective appeal letter. How to Write an Appeal for Schengen Visa Refusal that works. How to essay role developing india Write an Appeal Letter That Works. Note that I specifically mention German embassy in the example below because we have first-hand experience writing an appeal with them. But the good articles research paper, tips and techniques mentioned can be used to appeal in other European embassies as well. First, let’s start with the essay developing india, minimum requirements. The German embassy specifically asked you to include the resign essay, following in your appeal letter. Failure to include one or more of these makes your appeal useless and they will not process it.

So make sure you include all of these information in your appeal letter: 1. Your personal details . Your name, first name, date of birth, place of birth, and the number of your passport. 2. The date your application was rejected. You can get this detail in the rejection letter you received. Make sure you write the essay role engineers developing india, correct date. 3. You current address . Write your address that contains the street name, house or apartment number, City/ Town/ Village, postal code,

4. Research! Your email address and phone number . They are not required but I suggest you include your email because they can email you immediately if your visa was approved instead of waiting for it in essay role, the mail. I also suggest including your phone number in the appeal letter because they can also choose to essay on the call you as well like they did with me and my sister when we appealed our visas. This is important specially if you’re in a rush and you’re traveling in role engineers india, a few days or weeks. 5. Why Do Ministers! Signed by your own hand. The appeal must be signed by your own hand. A remonstration or appeal by a third party (example your sponsor) can only be accepted and processed if you have given your sponsor a power of attorney, which is submitted with the remonstration. So much extra work so I suggest you just do it on your own.

These are the minimum requirements they need to see on your appeal letter to process it. Next, let’s get to the meat of the appeal letter. So what else must you include in the letter? The following are what I usually include. These are based from essay engineers my experience of getting my (and my sister’s) visa appeal approved. Dead! You are free to include other things of course. But I think you should only include the important things. 6. Write why they should approve your visa application. This is obviously the most important section of your appeal letter.

This is role developing india, where you tell them why it’s unfair that they denied you a visa and tell them why they should give you one. Your reasons should be connected to the reason(s) why they rejected your Schengen visa. Some of the popular reasons for good articles paper, rejection are: a. “Your intention to leave the territory of the Member States before the expiry of the visa could not be ascertained.” This means that the proof of your rootedness were not enough to convince them that you will not TNT or illegally stay in role engineers india, Europe. What should you do? You need to ethics term prove that you will come back to the Philippines or your country. If you are an role engineers employee then write in your appeal letter that you have a job, how long you’ve been working in thesis, that job, how much you’re earning and that your boss allowed you and developing india signed an official Leave of Absence. If you are a business owner then write in your appeal letter that you own a business, how long have you been running it, how much it is earning and what other official documents you can show to prove that it is a real business. If you are a student then write in your appeal that you are a student, where do you study, how long you’ve been studying in that school or university and what other documents you can show to prove that you are a student. If you own properties (house and on the poet society lot or apartment), you can also mention it in your appeal because it shows you are really rooted in the country.

If you are a frequent traveller , then mention your travel history. List down the essay engineers india, countries you have visited. If you applied for articles research paper, other visas before and got approved, mention them. Write in your appeal that you have been approved of other visas, travelled in these countries and have NOT stayed longer than your visa. Tell them you have no history of overstaying abroad. This shows that you also do NOT plan to stay illegally in essay role india, Europe. b. Thesis On Christianity And Islam! The information submitted regarding the essay india, justification for essays for kids, the purpose and essay india conditions of the paper, intended stay was not reliable. Role Engineers India! This is the other more popular reason to reject your Schengen visa application. This means that they don’t believe your reasons for visiting.

And/or the documents you submitted don’t support your reasons for visiting. Good Articles Research Paper! This is very vague even to me because if you’re honest, you’re obviously just going to Germany or Europe to travel and/or visit friends/family. DUH. What should you do? If you were denied a visa because of essay engineers, this reason, you need to show more proof to new year back-up your claims of traveling to essay role engineers india Germany/Europe. You need to write in your appeal your reasons for visiting (visit Germany/Europe or visit family/friends). You need to write a more detailed itinerary and include all your flight reservation, hotel reservation and tour package details if you’re joining a tour group.

Show that you have paid for travel insurance. Write why you wanted to visit Europe. The more personal, the better. But it should support WHY you wanna travel to Europe. You can also mention here your travel history and other travel visas. If you are visiting family, mention this as well and attach corresponding brith certificate as proof of why do ministers resign, relationship. 7. Attach all supporting documents . Based from the reason(s) of your rejection in #6, attach all supporting documents for your appeal.

Create a file for each supporting document and essay role engineers include them in your appeal. Make sure that each of your claims in the letter are supported by university a corresponding document. If you claimed you have a US visa then include a US visa in your appeal. If you claimed you own a house and lot, then include the essay role engineers, legal property papers to show this etc etc. You get the movie dead, point.

8. Write a short and concise appeal letter . Remember that the embassy looks at hundreds of applications and appeals everyday. Don’t submit a 10-page appeal letter. Make it easy for them. Write a short and concise letter. My appeal and my sister’s appeal letters were only one page . Engineers Developing! It could be two pages of course as long as it includes all important information and not random musings. But short and new year essays for kids concise should do it.

That’s basically it. Follow the essay role engineers developing india, minimum requirements of the thesis on christianity, embassy, write a short and engineers developing sweet letter why they should give you a visa and attach all supporting documents. University! Then submit it. Format of an Appeal Letter for Denied Schengen Visa. I like to follow a standard format when writing an appeal letter. Here is what it should be like: To whom it may concern, Your name, address and details of when your visa was rejected (this covers points #1-3 in developing, the above requirements) Write why they should approve your Schengen visa (this covers point #6). This is the longest part of your email as it should explain in essay on the dead society, detail your arguments as to why it is unfair that you were denied. That you submitted everything and that you are not going to overstay.

End the appeal with the date of your planned trip to create a sense of urgency specially if you don’t have much time left to wait. Hand signature (point #5) Your email (point #4) Your mobile number (point #4) Tips for Submitting An Appeal Letter for Rejected Schengen Visa. So now you’ve finished writing your appeal letter. Essay Engineers! Here are other tips for oxford university, an effective appeal letter. 1. Copy read your letter.

Make it clear, short and engineers developing india sweet. No grammatical errors if possible. Let another person read it and thesis on christianity and islam edit it for you just to make sure everything is in role engineers developing, order. 2. Write your email and phone number in term, the appeal letter. This was they can call or email you immediately for role engineers developing, updates. 3. New Year For Kids! Do not include random things in the letter. Focus on why you were rejected and engineers what proofs you have against it.

You can’t just beg for a visa. You have to show them you deserve one because of on the movie poet, facts with supporting documents. Role Engineers Developing India! Write with confidence. You know you are not planning anything illegal. Your letter should communicate this. 4. Oxford University Thesis! On the subject line of the email write URGENT and engineers developing india the date of your flight. New Year Essays For Kids! This way they can see that they need to act on your appeal asap. Remember, the embassy receives a lot of emails everyday. Essay Role Engineers India! Make your appeal stand out. 5. I think the thesis on christianity, best time to essay engineers developing send the why do resign essay, email is around 10:30 or 11AM so your email will stay on top.

If you email it at night or too early in the morning, it might be buried by other emails once the person who checks it opens the essay, email. So email around 10:30 or 11 AM. Need Help Writing an Appeal Letter for Denied Schengen Visa? If you need help on how to write an appeal letter and why do ministers resign how to appeal, I can help you write a customized appeal letter based on your visa application situation and role engineers developing why the embassy rejected your application. There are 9 reasons why an embassy will deny your Schengen visa application and each reason of denial needs different proof when you appeal. Just order the service below and I will send you the new year for kids, Appeal Letter Questionnaire via email after ordering. I will ask you a few important questions regarding your visa application before I start writing your customized appeal letter. This service also comes with FREE visa consultation so you can ask me anything about your Schengen visa application during this process. Do you have other questions? Have you written an appeal letter in another way and essay role engineers got approved?

Let me know in the comments below! Next on the blog: Sample Actual Appeal Letter we sent the embassy. Sign up below to be updated about Schengen visa application. Join the conversation Cancel reply. heloo my visa is refused from new year czech embessy but my friends got visa visa refused becouse of interview.. i can not explain my travel plans in essay role, interview so thats why they refused my visa and paper refusal reson is “justification for the purpose and condition of the intended stay was not provided” so now i want appeal to czech embessy against my visa how can i appeal…online of in embessy..and what is the procedure..our departure date are after 2 weeks so i have less time so how can i appeal to embessy.

not familiar with czech visa. check the essay role engineers developing, embassy website. Oxford University Thesis! I think it’s best to engineers developing india re-apply. My visa for portugal was refused from india reasons. 1.Your intention to leave the territory of the Member State before the ministers, expiry of visa could not be ascertained. 2. The information submitted regarding the justification for the purpose and conditions of intended stay was not reliable. Me and my daughter was visiting my sister and brother in essay developing india, law in Portugal as she had twins recently we attached all doc’s even letter from why do resign solicitor from essay role engineers india Portugal. my husband business is in india .I would like to appeal can I do by email .how long it will take to consider. is it worth .please help. Check the portuguese embassy website for oxford, appeal process. I applied for developing india, a visit visa to attend a summer school in Germany.

It got approved. However, my wife applied for a tourist visa and it was rejected. It included the same ticket, hotel and insurance document as mine. Even a cover letter from summer school host stating tourism as reason. We filed an appeal 10 days back, including a letter from her employer and stating previous international travel.

We are hopeful to get the appeal approved. And Islam! I was just curious which number do they call from essay india about the decision (if any)? Do they call from Germany or from a local number in my country? Also. Thesis On Christianity! My trip is sponsored for one week but we applied for 18 days visa for sightseeing.

I showed approx 4000 euros along with salary slips and all. India! Same bank statement was attached with wife’s application. Is that enough funds? Reason for rejection was only that information was not credible. Why Do! No other point marked. Awaiting your views. Appeal her application. Hello, please I was recently refused a French visa and I was wondering if there is a window before I can reapply or I shld just appeal the decision.

I was refused on the basis of intention to leave the schengen state before the expiry of my visa could not be ascertained. Essay Engineers Developing India! I have been previously issued a schengen visa but I am short on time and I knw a new application will be faster. Just re-apply coz French embassy is complicated. Hello, I was recently refused a French visa, for the reason that my intention to leave the schengen state before the expiry of my visa could not be ascertained. I want to file an appeal with the embassy and also reapply through another country.

I’m doing this because of the information that French embassy appeal takes too long. Please do you think this is new year essays, a wise decision, applying through another country and appealing my previously refused visa at the same time ? You can’t do both. Just re-apply in another embassy. Hello. I hope everything is role engineers developing india, going great with you. Is it really necessary to submit the oxford thesis, documents again with the appeal letter? Like the work contract and certificate leave of absence? They have denied me for that and essay role developing I have submitted them my contract and when shall I go back to why do ministers essay work…. please help. Will the appeal letter alone works? I don’t know what else I should attach when I have given them all my documents.

If its pertinent to the appeal, YES. I applied for the Schengen visa in the Swedish Embassy of Pakistan through their visa application receiving center at Gerry’s. Developing India! I applied for the Tourist visa for 08 days.I provided all the thesis, required documents plus my Income tax returns,Family Registration Certificate,bank statement,credit cards,past travelling history of 20 years,french visit visa copy from Dubai. I thought would be more than enough to support my application. Unfortunately i received my passport back after 2 weeks with papers that my visa is refused due to essay developing these reasons #2,8 and 9. I am very much disappointed. Please suggest what should i do, (to appeal or not ) Maybe re-apply in another embassy. I want to visa refused information. it’s all there just read.

Hi dj . my tourist visa for sweden got rejected for insufficient bank balance, but I have enough balance that time. Ethics! So I have email them as an essay appeal with all correct doucment as an prove.Do I need to visit embassy or email is enough.. check the embassy website for procedure. Hi DJ Yabis my visa for France has been refused want to poet re-appeal can you share how can i re-appeal what things i have to essay role engineers developing india send that my visa got approved and please share email id of essay, France Embassy. Rejection Reasons are. 1. Your intention to leave the territory of the Member State before the india, expiry of visa could not be ascertained. 2. On Christianity! The information submitted regarding the essay role india, justification for the purpose and conditions of intended stay was not reliable. please help me out.

please read the series of post i wrote about visa rejection. links are in why do ministers resign essay, the post. if you need help writing the appeal, just order and ill email you. i am not clueless what to do..Let this GENEROUS 7 DAYS APPEAL PERIOD pass and then apply again with supporting documents (a letter by that international school stating all dues have been paid for essay developing, the next session and oxford my kids are supposed to join school soon). Essay Engineers Developing India! And I write a letter to them along with my CV and paper travel history. I have 2 informal job offers here but I am in the middle of getting my licence to work in essay, my field. I have the official letters and evaluation of new year essays for kids, my degrees issued by the local govt. Essay Developing! Should I send those too, in order to prove, I will come back to get my licence and start a job? but the flight is today. Ministers Essay! Even if I get all these documents ready today, they will still refuse my visa, saying, the flight date has passed..should I book new tickets and hotels and essay role engineers developing attach the evidence with my appeal?Or they wont consider it once the original flight date has passed? it’s too late already. you need to prove you have a job or a job offer to thesis come back to.

My husband, our 2 kids (3 and 5 years old) and I, applied for Schengen Visa 6 weeks ago through Austrian Embassy in Jordan.. Essay Role India! Now just a day before our flight, only me and thesis on christianity and islam my kids got the rejection letter. Husband’s visa is most probably approved, as he has a valid US visa stamped on his passport. I have not been working since my kids were born. I am extremely upset with the embassy as they only gave us 7 days to appeal, and essay role that too just before our flight day. Does a housewife have no rights to visit Europe anymore? Now I am confused what to do next. My flight itinerary will be useless in ministers, a few hours.

I got the role engineers developing india, letter just yesterday. I have 7 days to appeal, 6 of them will fall after the essay, flight date. Is this a joke or what? First they took so long to essay role engineers developing india refuse the visa. Now they are kidding me and asking me to appeal just a few hours before my flight. The visa officer removed the letter from our applications, that my husband wrote, declaring we are his dependents, and he would support us financially during the on the dead poet society, trip. The visa officer only attached one copy of that letter to my husband’s application, saying, you are dependents so your applications will be considered as one. Essay Engineers Developing! He also removed our property documents saying, property in paper, home country is india, irrelevant, as you are applying through Embassy in Jordan. My kids are too young but they go to a very reputable International school. I should have included the paper, proof of schooling with their application. I did’t, because I thought they are too young to be refused a visa if their father gets one..I have traveled to Singapore, Malaysia and Dubai for essay developing, a dozen times.

I have been living abroad for almost four years. Never ever breached any law, let alone overstay. I am just astonished why being a housewife is such a big issue when it comes to Schengen Visa authorities. in other words, a Stay-at-home-mom has no credibility in the eyes of those so-called developed nations. New Year Essays For Kids! I sacrificed my career for my children because I didnt want to leave them alone with the maids in a new country. I really found his refusal letter to be extremely offensive after all. Sorry to hear about this. yes it sucks to be unemployed when applying for a visa. I hope you get to sort this out! I got my visa refusal letter with reason as ‘your intention to leave the territory of the member states before the expiry of the visa could not be ascertained’ I have provided my company approved leave letter but still have got my visa denied. I read about the role engineers india, format..can the letter be sent via email?

Or should it be given via person? This visa was for Switzerland. check swiss embassy website. did you submit your ITR and COE too? i applied 4 times schenen visa and got refusal 4 time in a year now i want to apply study visa in schengen zone again. what you think it will be done or not? you need to be accepted by university a university in europe first before you can apply for developing india, a student visa. Hi dj my France visa has denied , I have lots of good articles research paper, documents funds attached the essay engineers developing india, visa file . Pls tell me I am appeal or reapply the new year, visa .. re-apply because appeal with French embassy takes long. We applied for Czech Republic Shenzhen visa but it was refused today for essay developing india, reasons n 8. We applied for tourist visa and to visit friend . We provide invitations letter from new year essays for kids friends and salary letters of my husband . We are from essay engineers developing Africa but lived in united arab emirats since 10 years . Our friends was by husband Colleague . Essays! We want to visit him with our 2 daughters . did you submit all the requirements? My friend has been refused visa by the French embassy in India twice and on both occasions the essay engineers developing india, reason has been the same- “The information submitted regarding the justification for the purpose and conditions of the why do ministers resign essay, intended stay are not reliable.” We don’t understand what they mean by this because he has submitted all the required documents, confirmed tickets, itinerary, etc. 3 others who are travelling on essay role engineers the same trip have got their visas on the basis of the same papers, except him.

the others are employed, whereas he is self-employed and has submitted all his business account details and ITRs. And has no reason besides tourism to articles paper go to Europe for 2 weeks. Can anyone suggest what we could do? We are considering sending an email to the embassy as we don’t have time for an appeal. travel dates are 15th July. Also the role engineers developing india, itinerary is paper term, 3 days Amsterdam, 5 days France and 7 days Croatia. Would it be wise to apply through Netherlands now? or can anyone help with an email address where we can definitely expect a response. I hope you were able to sort this out? I just wanna know that is appeal really work? Or just a waste of time?

Or I should re apply it.. But I have strong documents for appealing. If you think you have strong documents then appeal but only essay role developing, if the appeal process can be fast. If it’s 2 months or more then re-apply and maybe to another embassy. Thank you very much for your reply.My appeal has been approved. That’s great to hear! Enjoy your travels. Hi Anva, just want to know which Embassy you applied for good articles, the visa?

And how long it took you for the appeal to be granted? Hi Dj. I applied my schengen visa last month and essay role developing after 2weeks got the result but not a happy result coz my visa was refused. It was really made me disappointed coz I was expecting that soon I could fly to Switzerland and visit my bf. Essays For Kids! The embassy sent me a papers to make appeal. Can I make appeal personally going to role india Swiss embassy with my bf coz he is my sponsor. Do we have any chance to get approved this time? And do I still need an appointment? Thank you. Depends on ministers resign essay your situation. I don’t really know what you submitted or not to tell you your chances.

Hello, I used your format to appeal for my refused schengen visa from Africa, and it was approved in less than 24hours! Thank u and please keep up the good work! Just got an email from the role engineers india, Danish Immigration Service stating that they have received my appeal against my tourist schengen visa refusal. They have told me that my appeal is now pending and their processing time is articles, a maximum of 12months. The dates I planned on visiting Denmark have already passed and engineers am wondering if it would be wise to cancel my appeal and reapply again. The reason for essays for kids, my visa denial was my intention to role engineers developing india leave the territory of the member states could not be accertained and yet In my application I attached my university admission letter, school ID, transcripts just to show my rootedness to my country. Kindly advice me on the way forward sir,

Your positive response will be highly appreciated. Can I only appeal in French language? Is English language allowed? follow the instructions on the embassy website. Hi we have applied for paper term, france visa. We were 2 couples and we’re going for the purpose of honeymoon.. But unfortunately it got rejected for one of the couples.

With above two reasons you mentioned.. 1. MY INTENTIONS. 2. STAY WAS NOT RELIABLE. So now when we have submitted the same documents. Than how come only one couple got the visa.

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Custom Is Algae Right Biofuel Of The Future essay paper writing service. Every day we are bombarded by evidence that incriminates leaders of oil producing countries with terrorism (and the human right issues which have become synonymous with these countries and their respective leaders), it is from this evidence that the incentive to find an alternative to oil as a source of energy stems from. The environmental issues surrounding this energy source that can only be bought from dictators have ultimately been exceeded by the strategic weaknesses of solely depending on this oil. The economy strain on the United States and other countries that do not have oil or enough oil to cater for their oil needs resulting from essay role india, large sums of money that they have to spend buying oil from thesis, these dictatorial regime makes the essay engineers india, need for alternative energy sources more urgent. In US oil is principally used for transportation, this is better seen in the fact that two third of the articles paper, oil in the United States is role developing india, used for transportation (Ayhan, 2010). This demonstrates the urgency of developing an alternative source of energy for powering out good articles research, buses, trucks, and essay role engineers cars, which in all intents and purposes will go along way in weaning the United States, and the world in general, off this oil dependency. It is paper, no doubt that the hydrogen economy has been receiving a lot of publicity in recent times, however this does not mean that hydrogen is the best placed energy source to act as an engineers, alternative to oil, if anything it has several disadvantages, especially concerning it use as an automobile energy, that disqualifies it as an alternative to oil. Algae biofuel is even better placed to take that position although it also has serious problems that ought to be addressed for it to emerge as the ideal alternative to oil. These problems are mostly associated with the algae as its source. Algae biofuel has been on ministers the center of this discussion of the alternative energy source. Role Engineers Developing India. It has even been touted as the ideal alternative source of energy ostensibly because of its cheapness and ease of extracting, two of its strengths that have been portrayed has a panacea for the entire range of the carbon fuel problems.

In fact these days it is impossible to conclude an alternative energy discussion without exploring the strengths and the potentials of algae biofuel as an alternative source of on christianity, energy. India. Despite the obvious environmental advantage that we are always reminded in the discussion, there are myriads of challenges that stand in the way of essay movie poet society, algae biofuel in becoming an alternative source of energy. For instance, the production of algae biofuel on a national level would not be cheap and easy as some people would like us to believe. Its health hazard is another thing that has not been fully explored in essay engineers developing india, the discussion. Articles. In this regard am referring to the algae biofuel potential of becoming a killer of sort to aquatic living things while posing a health hazard to human being and essay india a threat to the ecosystem. This is precisely the reason why am advocating for another source of energy in oxford, place of algae biofuel. Other than the promise of the weaning the world of the oil dependence, algae biofuel hold a significant promise to a number of ills (societies and otherwise) that includes animal feedstock, nutritional products, job creation, CO2 mitigation, nutriceuticals, and wastewater treatment to name but a few (Ayhan, 2010). Another of the advantage of algae rest in engineers, the fact that it is one of the fastest-growing-photosynthesizing organism (they are known to compete a complete metamorphosis in a single day) (Ayhan, 2010). Oxford University Thesis. Other than the energy there are a host of other necessary products that can be harvested from these algae, for instance, they are known to contain a large component of carbohydrates, fat, and role developing protein. From these components it is possible to get industrial ethanol and animal feed after harvesting fat which is used in the production of the thesis, energy (Ayhan, 2010).

Though yet to be confirmed, the role india, cost of producing large scale fuel has been found to thesis be cost effective and even comparable cheaper than importing oil. This can be seen in the latest estimates from the UNH (University of New Hampshire) research that showed how 7.5 billion gallon of biodiesel can be produced at role india, a cost of $46.2 billion which is essay, significantly lower than the $100150 billion that the United States uses to purchase crude oil every year (Ayhan, 2010). This means that the large scale algae project proposed by NREF (National Renewal Energy Laboratory) has the potential of essay role developing, creating jobs while reducing considerably the United States' trade deficit. Studies show that, in United States, 70% of power plants have adequate 'food' and space to university thesis install a complement of essay role engineers india, algae bioreactor (Ayhan, 2010). Therefore assuming that there will be adequate fresh seawater, enough sunlight and most importantly, enough enthusiasm from the concerned authorities, then we are likely to have an essay on the movie dead society, algae biofuel plant up and engineers india running in not so distance future. Enthusiasm in thesis, this case means the essay role engineers india, passing of why do, requisite legislations that will put algae farm in the hands of qualified farmers. One of the greatest strengths of the algae biofuel as a source of energy rest in its reduction of carbon emission, which has becomes a major concern in role, recent times (Ayhan, 2010). In a nutshell biofuel has the oxford thesis, potential of proving us with a high-quality, high-throughput biofuel system with minimal carbon emission. Demerits of algae biofuel:

One of the major issues that have been cited concerning algae biofuel is its comparable increased costs which are limiting. This increased costs in the United States context that have been cited comes inform of the more research, more R D, more large-world-experience, more pilot project, more larger facilities especially in production, more data, more training, more young graduates pursuing certain science specialties, and essay role developing india more basic science (Graneli, Turner, 2006). What this means is that for algae biofuel to fit the bills there is on christianity and islam, a lot of essay role india, research and why do ministers essay development that is needed, otherwise it will remain in level of the small-scale fuel. Another cost component in this is that if for whatever reasons it fails miserably the viability test such that it does not promise to essay role engineers developing india yield commercial scale algae biofuel, then the R D cost would be considered waste. According to engineering studies that have been conducted so far, the essay on the movie dead poet society, United States cannot be assured of its potential to role developing produce industry grade biofuel (Graneli, Turner, 2006).

A demonstration of the loads of research, and in extension costs, that are needed before algae biofuel can seriously be considered for national level energy production can be seen in Dr. Ethics Term. Benemann's estimation. According to Dr. Benemann's, a scientist whose research have been cited extensively in majority of the industry's work, the current potential production level stands at around 2000 gallon per essay role engineers acre/year. New Year Essays. There are other scientists who have pegged their figure to around 2500 gallon per acre/year, a figure which Dr, Benemann considers still appropriate but on the upper limit.

According to essay engineers developing india Dr. Benemann this productivity can be increased a number of time (2, 3, or 4) from the limit that we are having (Romanowska-Duda et al, 2006). It is in at this point that he point out oxford university, that for that increasing of essay role developing, capacity to be a reality an essay on the society, immediate moratorium on genetic engineering on algae strains (Romanowska-Duda et al, 2006) needs to role developing india be in place. This is simply an thesis, indirect call for more research which as I have pointed out means more costs. Majority of role engineers, us when they hear of genetic engineering what goes on in their mind is a threat to thesis the human health and also the environment (Romanowska-Duda et al, 2006). The same case applies to algal strains, something that persists irrespective of Dr.

Benemann assurance to role developing the contrary. His recommendation for the nano-tech model in wading through this quagmire (implementing algae's genetic engineering) is even more baffling, simple because it shows the long haul that is to on christianity and islam be covered before Alga biofuel can be considered an appropriate alternative to oil energy source (Romanowska-Duda et al, 2006). Scaling the production of algae biofuel from the experimental level that it is in to an economically viable level of a national energy strategy is a serious challenge that stands in role developing india, the way of the new year for kids, infant industry in emerging as an alternative source of energy to oil energy (Geoffrey, et al, 2000). Essay Role Engineers Developing. To put into perspective the misconception that algae biofuel production let us look at a case of one Mark Hansen. Hansen is university, said to have received a phone call early in the week from a landowner from close to Lake Wood in Minnesota requesting to know of his Hansen's idea on role india harvesting algae which had become a menace to the Lake (Geoffrey, et al, 2000). Hansen is reported to have responded with a brief explanation of algae biofuel production. First Hansen took the eager landowner through the process of getting, growing, and movie society also harvesting algae, concluding with a statement to the effect that the process itself is tasking and complicated. This is contrary to the argument that seems to suggest that algae biofuel production is cheap and easy.

The idea that Algae biofuel is cheap is another misconception that is increasingly getting corrected (Geoffrey, et al, 2000). This misconception is one of the reasons that prompted Jimmy Carter, former US president, to launch the Aquatic Species Program in 1978 (Geoffrey, et al, 2000). This program was among others expected to assess the cost component and the general potentialities of india, algae biofuel as an energy alternative to oil. It was from that program that we came to articles research known of the cost of a barrel of essay role india, oil extracted from algae (Schueneman, 2009). Dead. At the essay role engineers, time it was placed at $40 to $70 a barrel, which was twice the cost of the crude oil at the time. Time might have changed but I doubt whether there is much variation in price between that time's price and today's. This therefore demonstrates the economic impracticality of biofuel as a source of energy.

Three decade after the thesis and islam, first interest was showed on biofuel as an alternative source of energy and we still do not have a framework of guiding further studies on the same, not to mention regulatory measure and a body to guide the essay role india, operation of the industry. This silence and inaction can only essays for kids, mean one thing - that biofuel is still unviable to act as an alternative source of essay role engineers, energy of fossil fuel. It is a pity that even after the recommendations of Pienkos, the former National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Chief Research Supervisor, calling for the setting up of a regulatory framework of standards and policies for this nascent industry at the time, nothing much has been done towards that end up to date (Briggs, 2011). Bearing testimony of oxford university thesis, that is the absence of a regulatory body or even set of standards and policies to address and also oversee this industry that encompass both agricultural and industrial processes on a single site. The fact that it is impossible and even uneconomically viable to produce biofuel alone is another factor that may hinder the realization of biofuel alga as an energy source used on an economic and national scale. First, an individual algae biofuel plant has been ruled out primarily on the ground of being economically unviable.

In this regard a business model that has been cited as the ideal for the production of algae biofuel is role engineers india, one that encompasses several business aspects that include co-product, co-processes, and co-location in the production of a range of both energy and non-energy products (Schueneman, 2009). This therefore require the assembly of an extremely wide range of experts in a wide range of fields that so far as proved hard due to a number of bottleneck that come with the complexity that is envisaged in such a model. Poet. The capacity straitjacket can also be blamed for this delay otherwise we would be having a plant producing an algae biofuel and essay engineers india a host of thesis and islam, other non-energy product up and running. This is most probably the reason that prompted Ike Levine, the University of Southern Maine's Associate Professor of essay role india, Natural and Applied Science, to insinuate that if we had all the knowledge concerning biofuel production on a large scale, algae production on a large scale would be a foregone conclusion (Briggs, 2011). Two decade are over and we are yet to assemble the kind of research paper, knowledge that Levine considered at engineers developing india, the time up to the task of running the production of several products that include among others, bio-plastics, nutriceuticals, drugs, biomass, food/protein and wastewater treatment. A further reinforcement of the complexity of production of biofuel can be seen in the fact that it production, which as we have seen can not be conducted alone, may mean producing something entirely different from thesis on christianity and islam, algae biofuel in the initial stages. The growing and essay role engineers developing harvesting of algae at a national scale is likely to bring about water shortage that in itself is worse than a shortage of energy.

It will be ironical and a demonstration of misplaced priority to trade place the requirement for energy with that of water. The growth and subsequent harvesting of algae might not have a major impact on fresh water to a large extent, however it is no doubt going to negatively affect the price paid by water consumers in the urban areas (Briggs, 2011). This negative effect will come in form of evaporation that will definitely define this growth and harvesting of oxford thesis, algae. According to Michael, who doubles up as a managing partner and managing director of Proteus Environment Technologies, the increased sunlight and prolonged growing season of algae will no doubt have a major impact on the water levels and prices especially on urban dwellers. This boils down to what I have liked with sacrificing a basic commodity like water, and food in extension, with a seemingly less basic energy. Another limiting factor that Michael has cited constrain concerns the sitting of the project (Briggs, 2011). According to him there exists a shortage of the appropriate land (flat and arable land) suitable for essay, the project, which essentially has been brought about by requisite characteristics that are required for such a land.

For instance, in the United States the vast majority of the 57 million acres of flat land that fits the ethics paper term, bill of constructing an algae biofuel project lacks the required rainfall levels to sustain this kind of a project. The desert land in the United States which is mostly flat the way an essay role engineers developing india, algae project would require has very high temperatures at night and term low moisture to create a conducive environment for algae growth. This further shows the challenges that algae biofuel production is likely to face not just in the United States but almost the world over. Unfortunately a proper evaluation through grading of land scattered all over the United States will add on the already soaring costs of the project, thereby further reinforcing the idea that is in not viable under the circumstances. Michael further recommended the designing of a proper and robust system and processes that have been tested and role india proved appropriate in order to minimize inherent risk and uncertainties for the proper maturity of the industry. Once again this will require additional pilot projects, R D, and additional acres of production to establish what works and what does not work (Briggs, 2011). Getting lab-cultured algae is not always very easy which another is of the myriads of the bottlenecks that stand in the way exploiting algae as an alternative source of energy. Growing and harvesting of algae is another straightjacket in this endeavor that ought to be addressed before we can even think of making algae as an alternative source of energy. The major problem in growing algae rest in the fact that in any kind of pond where algae is being grown only about a quarter of the algae will be receiving the sufficient solar radiation, which therefore mean that the ethics paper term, ability of any particular pond to role grow algae rest in its surface area and not its volume.

Environmental hazards brought by essays for kids algae biofuel production are another thing that has to be addressed before it potential to wean-off the role engineers, world the oil dependence (Schueneman, 2009). The final stage in the algae biofuel production that involves converting fats (lipids) into biodiesel has been confirmed as generally harmless, however the ministers resign essay, actual growing of microalgae in the ponds is india, yet top be certified as safe to the environment. Production of microalgae in open pond has also been noted to have its drawbacks. For instance, the required algae (high-yield, high-lipid) have been found to be contaminated if for some reason they are grown in open field. This contamination is primarily coming from the on christianity, invasion of the pond n=by the local species which cannot be avoided in open pond. The bioreactor which has been found to role engineers be a solution to that problem has however been found to ethics be significantly expensive, a situation that has been likened with the cost differences that can be found in conventional farming and role engineers developing framing in hot-house. While open ponds can get light from the sunlight a bioreactors has to be installed with expensive lighting together with equally expensive covering. From the above it is new year essays, no doubt that algae biofuel is not a complete solution to the need to have an essay role india, alternative of oil energy which is increasingly becoming an unreliable source of energy. Just as Dr.

Benemann observes replacing oil with algae as a source of energy is simply next to impossible irrespective of the hope and hype that has been generated. The only hope that can be found in algae is by becoming part of the energy of our energy portfolio but not a sizeable alternative to oil in the production of energy. Buy Is Algae Right Biofuel Of The Future essay paper online. My experience with was the first time I had ever used a writing service. I was pleasantly surprised to find that it far exceeded my expectations. The thesis that I ordered was transcendent, in terms of excellence and oxford thesis I am proud to have turned it in. Essay Role Developing. I received an A+, the highest score possible, and dead poet I am one happy regular customer now.

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